心智圖(mind map)

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心智圖(mind map),又稱腦圖、心智地圖、腦力激盪圖、思維導圖、靈感觸發圖、概念地圖、或思維地圖,是一種圖像式思維的工具。心智圖是使用一個中央關鍵詞或想法,引起形象化的構造和分類的想法; 它用一個中央關鍵詞或想法,以輻射線形,連接所有的代表字詞、想法、任務或其它關聯專案的圖解方式。心智圖是一張集中了所有關連資訊的語意網路,或認知體系圖像。所有關連資訊都是被幅射線形,及非線性圖解方式,接連在一起,以腦力激盪為本,去建立一個適當或相關的概念性組織任務框架,亦即以自由相連接使用的。元素是直覺地以概念的重要性,而被安排及組織入分組、分支,或區域中。心智圖通過在平面上的一個主題出發,畫出相關聯的物件,像一個心臟及其周邊的血管圖,故稱為「心智圖」。由於這種表現方式,比單純的文字,更加接近人思考時的空間性想像,所以越來越為大家用於創造性思維過程中。心智圖延伸許多不同形式發展,包括學習、腦力激盪、教育、文件規劃在創意、記錄筆記和工程圖表等場合中,廣為應用。 Mind mapping is a highly effective way of getting information in and out of your brain. Mind mapping is a creative and logical means of note-taking and note-making that literally “maps out” your ideas. All mind maps have some things in common. They have a natural organizational structure that radiates from the center and use lines, symbols, words, color and images according to simple, brain-friendly concepts. Mind mapping converts a long list of monotonous information into a colorful, memorable and highly organized diagram that works in line with your brain’s natural way of doing things. One simple way to understand a mind map is by comparing it to a map of a city. The city center represents the main idea; the main roads leading from the center represent the key thoughts in your thinking process; the secondary roads or branches represent your secondary thoughts, and so on. Special images or shapes can represent landmarks of interest or particularly relevant ideas. The great thing about mind mapping is that we can put our ideas down in any order, as soon as they pop into our head. In other words, we are not constrained by thinking in order. We just simply throw out any ideas, and then worry about reorganizing them later. It is absolutely possible to mind map the old-fashioned way with a pen and paper.

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