Welcome to 15mins.today the home of English Shadowing. I am your host Gavin, and this is InTense Episode 58. Well guys we're on to the next chapter of our grammar section, and today we are starting with verbs. Now verbs are very important, just like nouns. If you do not have a verb in a sentence, it is not a valid sentence. Okay, so what are verbs? They are words that show what is happening, they show actions or state of being so, run they are very easy. Some are not so easy to spot, but anyway, so every sentence, to be a valid sentence, needs a verb. Now there are three basic types: action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs. And we also going to sub divide them into transitive and intransitive verbs. Today we're going to start with the first basic one action verbs, and these are easy: run, eat, write, think. So, there are verbs that show us something we can visibly see like, “I ran from here today.”, you saw the guy running and then they are verbs that you know happen in your head, you can't see it. “I loved the movie.” or “I thought he was beautiful.” Thought is the verb and we can't see it. OK, so today we're going to start with action verbs, and we are just going to start with the basic things again. I will underline the verbs in the transcript, but these will be basic ones and without further ado, let's get cracking. Did Jane write the email? No, she did not write the email. Did Peter eat the cookie? Yes, he ate the cookie. Did Peter eat the cookie? No, he did not eat the cookie. Will John go home? Yes, he will go home. Will John go home? No, he will not go home. Are Peter and Candace at the office? Yes, they are at the office. Are Peter and Candace at the office? No, they are not at the office. Do you think it is beautiful? Yes, I think it is beautiful. Do you think it is beautiful? No, I don't think it is beautiful. Is Lisa considering the offer? Yes, she is. Considering the offer Is Lisa considering the offer? No, she is not considering. Did the dog run outside? Yes, it ran outside. Did the dog run outside? No, it did not run outside. Is it raining today? Yes, it is raining today. Is it raining today? No, it is not raining today. Will James come to work tomorrow? Yes, he will come to work tomorrow. Will James come to work tomorrow? No, he will not come to work tomorrow. Do you like Japan? Yes, I like Japan. Do you like Japan? No, I do not like Japan. Do you need a pencil? Yes, I need a pencil. Do you need a pencil? No, I do not need a pencil. Did Mary break the vase? Yes, she broke the vase. Did Marry break the vase? No, she did not break the vase. Did Gavin break the vase? Yes, he broke the vase. Did Gavin break the vase? No, he did not break the vase. Well there you go guys. Just a quick practise of some verbs. You will notice the last one and two questions I did vase and vase again, British English versus American English. Just a bit different pronunciation but the same word. Okay, so we did the basic beginnings of action verbs and they are all the words that make things happen, so quite important. I hope that was easy. Catch you in the next one and bye bye!