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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K057: 台積電掌世界半導體命脈

通勤學英語
2021-02-22
03:17
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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K057: The world is dependent on Taiwan for semiconductors   As China pushes the world to avoid official dealings with Taiwan, leaders across the globe are realizing just how dependent they have become on the island democracy. 中國迫使世界斷絕與台灣的正式往來,此時全球的領導人卻了解到,他們對這民主島國的依賴程度已如此之深。 Taiwan is being courted for its capacity to make leading-edge computer chips. That is mostly down to Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC), the world’s largest foundry and go-to producer of chips for Apple Inc smartphones, artificial intelligence and high-performance computing. 台灣以其製造先進電腦晶片的能力而備受青睞。這主要歸功於台灣積體電路製造公司﹝簡稱台積電﹞。台積電是全球最大的晶圓代工廠,也是蘋果公司智慧型手機、人工智慧及高效能運算晶片的首選製造商。 Taiwan’s role in the world economy largely existed below the radar until it came to recent prominence as the auto industry suffered shortfalls in chips used for everything from parking sensors to reducing emissions. With carmakers including Germany’s Volkswagen AG, Ford Motor Co of the US and Japan’s Toyota Motor Corp forced to halt production and idle plants, Taiwan’s importance has suddenly become too big to ignore. 台灣在世界經濟中的角色大多不為人所注意,直到最近由於汽車工業的晶片短缺(由倒車雷達至減少排放等皆須用到晶片),台灣才成為全世界眾所矚目之地。包括德國福斯汽車、美國福特汽車及日本豐田汽車在內的汽車製造商被迫停止生產、將工廠閒置,台灣的重要性因此也突然變得不可忽視。 That is not to say Taiwan is the only player in the semiconductor supply chain. The US still holds dominant positions, notably in chip design and electronic software tools; ASML Holding NV of the Netherlands has a monopoly on the machines needed to fabricate the best chips; Japan is a key supplier of equipment, chemicals and wafers. 這並不是說台灣是半導體供應鏈中的唯一角色。美國仍居主導地位,特別是在晶片設計和電子軟體工具方面;製造最佳晶片所需之機器是由荷蘭的艾司摩爾所壟斷;日本則是設備、化學品和晶圓的主要供應國。 However, as the emphasis shifts to ever smaller, more powerful chips that require less energy, TSMC is increasingly in a field of its own. It has also helped Taiwan form a comprehensive ecosystem around it: ASE Technology Holding is the world’s top chip assembler, while MediaTek has become the largest smartphone chipset vendor. 但是,隨著重點轉移到體積更小、功能更強大且用電更少的晶片上,台積電便愈發自成體系。台積電也幫助台灣建構了一個全面的生態系統,以台積電為中心:日月光是世界頂尖的晶片封測廠,而聯發科技已成為智慧型手機晶片組最大的供應商。 A big worry is that TSMC’s chip factories could become collateral damage if China were to make good on threats to invade Taiwan if it moves toward independence. 一大隱憂是,若台灣邁向獨立、中國果真入侵台灣,則台積電晶片廠恐受牽連,成為附帶損害。 “Taiwan is the center of gravity of Chinese security policy,” said Mathieu Duchatel, director of the Asia program at the Institut Montaigne in Paris. Preserving the world’s most advanced fabs “is in the interests of everyone.” 「台灣是中國安全政策的重中之重」,巴黎蒙田研究所亞洲計畫主任杜懋之表示;保護世界上最先進的晶圓廠「符合所有人的利益」。 Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2021/02/01/2003751534     通勤學英語15mins.Today榮獲 Apple Podcast 2020年十大熱門節目 KKBox 2020年十大Podcast風雲榜 (唯一語言學習Podcast) Himalaya 人氣票選播客總冠軍    每日英語跟讀Podcast,就在http://www.15mins.today/daily-shadowing 每週Vocab精選詞彙Podcast,就在https://www.15mins.today/vocab 每週In-TENSE文法練習Podcast,就在https://www.15mins.today/in-tense   用email訂閱就可以收到通勤學英語節目更新通知。

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