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回顧星期天LBS - 德國時事趣聞 All about Germany

通勤學英語
2021-02-27
07:17
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Hello 通勤家族,歡迎收聽Look Back Sunday回顧星期天,在這個節目John老師會彙整過去不同國家與主題的熱門跟讀文章,讓你可以在十五分鐘內吸收最精華的世界時事趣聞!我們這週聽聽德國的趣聞,Let's get right to it! Topic: About Germany - Big cats’ droppings help German circus weather coronavirus crisis One creature’s droppings can be another’s treasure, as Germany’s Krone Circus is finding out during the new coronavirus pandemic. 一個生物的糞便,可能是另一個生物的寶藏,正如德國王冠馬戲團在新型冠狀病毒大流行期間所發現。 Home to 26 lions and tigers, the circus has found an unusual side income and raised money despite coronavirus-related restrictions:selling jars of big cats’ droppings. 儘管受到冠狀病毒相關的限制,這個養了26隻獅子和老虎的馬戲團發現了一種不尋常的外快並攢了錢:販售裝有大貓糞便的瓶罐。 Customers have told lion tamer Martin Lacey they swear by the stuff.顧客告訴馴獅人馬丁.拉西,他們相信這玩意兒有用。 "I am told it keeps cats away from the garden, and since then we have learned that also it keeps the animals away from the car, where they eat all the electric cables," Lacey said. 拉西說,「我聽說這讓貓遠離花園,從此我們知道,它也能讓這些動物遠離車輛,牠們之前把裡頭所有電纜都吃掉。」 The jars sell for 5 euros each, with some of the money going towards a charity to improve the living conditions of captive animals. 每罐賣5歐元,有些錢用在慈善機構,以改善圈養動物的生活條件。 And if you don’t have a garden pest problem but find your neighbours pesky? – "Put some in the garden, and the neighbours will go away," Lacey chuckles. 而若你沒有花園動物蟲害問題,但覺得你的鄰居很討厭?—拉西竊笑表示,「放一點在花園裡,然後那些鄰居就會走開。」 Next Article Topic: Berlin brothels reopen after lockdown, but no sex allowed 柏林妓院歷經封鎖後恢復營業,但是不准性愛 Berlin’s brothels were allowed to reopen last week after months of closure due to coronavirus restrictions - but full-on sex is still off-limits. 柏林妓院因為新冠病毒防疫限制而關閉數月後,上週獲准恢復營業,但是仍然禁止全套性服務。 Instead, clients looking for sexual healing in the German capital will have to make do with erotic massages until regulations are further relaxed in September. 顧客想在這座德國首都找性愛療癒,將得先將就情趣按摩,直到9月防疫規定進一步放寬為止。 At the brothel where longtime sex worker Jana plies her trade, beds have been made, animal-print pillows fluffed and fresh flowers placed in vases. 資深性工作者雅納工作的妓院,床舖準備好了,印著動物圖紋的枕頭蓬鬆柔軟,花瓶裡也插上了鮮花。 But Jana, 49, is looking forward to next month when she can offer the full service again.但是49歲的雅納在期待下個月恢復提供全套服務。 Sex work had been banned in Berlin since mid-March as part of efforts to control the spread of the coronavirus. 柏林自3月中起禁止性工作業,做為控制新冠病毒蔓延的一部分措施。 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1394745 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1395609 Next Article Topic: About Europe - Sausage vending machines booming in Germany Hungry Germans craving a sausage in the dead of night are increasingly turning to vending machines for their bratwurst, bockwurst, and so on. The machines are booming outside German cities where shops are less likely to stay open for long hours, according to a survey by the German Press Agency. 在深夜裡飢腸轆轆、想吃香腸的德國人,愈來愈常利用自動販賣機購買巴雷特煎腸、博克香腸等食品。德新社調查顯示,這類自動販賣機在德國城市以外的地區大幅增加,因為當地商店的營業時間沒那麼長。 Some butchers’ vending machines sell three or four types of sausages, and punnets of accompanying potato salad – so customers can buy all they need for a traditional hearty German feast anytime. 某些肉商設置的自動販賣機提供3到4種香腸,還搭配一小盒馬鈴薯沙拉,讓顧客隨時都能買到一頓豐盛的德國傳統餐點。 There are over 570,000 vending machines in Germany, but despite their popularity they are expected to complement, rather than replace traditional shops. 德國目前有逾57萬台自動販賣機,儘管廣受歡迎,人們仍認為這些販賣機只是為傳統商店增色,而非取而代之。 "Vending machines will play a complementary role in brick-and-mortar retailing," Wolfgang Kampmeier of the Berlin-Brandenburg trade association told the Berliner Zeitung newspaper. 「柏林布蘭登堡貿易協會」的沃夫岡.坎普邁耶向《柏林日報》表示:「自動販賣機將在實體商店零售業務中扮演互補角色。」 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1354230 Next Article Topic: Slow music: Chord change in Germany of 639-year organ piece Hundreds of fans attended a special kind of musical happening on Sept. 5 at a church in Germany: a chord change in an organ piece that is supposed to last for an entirety of 639 years. The performance of the ORGAN2/ASLSP, or As Slow As Possible, composition began in September 2001 at the St. Burchardi Church in the eastern town of Halberstadt and is supposed to end in 2640 if all goes well. 數百名樂迷在九月五日齊聚德國一間教堂,參加一場特別的音樂活動:預計持續演奏整整六百三十九年的一首管風琴作品,在當天改變了和弦。這首名為《ORGAN2/ASLSP》,又名《愈慢愈好》的作品,從二○○一年九月開始在德國東部小鎮哈柏斯塔的聖布爾夏迪教堂演奏。如果一切順利,演奏將會於二六四○年結束。 The music piece by the American composer John Cage is played on a special organ inside the medieval church. The last sound has been the same one for the last six years and 11 months, and therefore the chord change on Saturday last week was a big event among fans of the John Cage Organ Project. 這首樂曲是由美國作曲家約翰‧凱吉所作,在這座中世紀教堂內由一台特製管風琴演奏。在過去六年又十一個月之間,這首樂曲一直持續著相同的聲音,也因此上週六轉換和弦,對「約翰‧凱吉管風琴計畫」的樂迷而言堪稱一大盛事。 A chord change means that the sound of the organ pipes changes either because new sounds are added or existing sounds end. On Sept. 5, two new organ pipes were added. Organizers say the performance is “one of the slowest realizations of an organ musical piece.” 轉換和弦意味著管風琴音管的聲音改變,變化來自於新聲音加入,或是原本持續的聲音停止。在九月五號當天,管風琴裝上了兩根新的音管。主辦單位則表示,這場演出是「實現一部最慢的管風琴音樂作品。」 A compressor in the basement creates energy to blow air into the organ to create a continuous sound. When a chord change happens, it’s done manually. On Sept. 5, soprano singer Johanna Vargas and organist Julian Lembke changed the chord. The new sound reminded some listeners of the metallic buzz inside a big ship’s engine room. 教堂地下室有一台壓縮機製造出動能,將氣體吹入管風琴,創造出持續不斷的聲音。當和弦改變時,這個任務則是以手動完成。當天,女高音喬安娜‧瓦加斯以及管風琴演奏家朱利安‧藍布克一起改變和弦。新的聲音讓某些聽眾聯想到大船引擎室裡帶有金屬感的嗡嗡聲。 The next chord change is planned for Feb. 5, 2022, the German news agency DPA reported. When the piece officially started on Sept. 5, 2001, it began without any sound. It was only on Feb. 5, 2003, the day of the first chord change, that the first organ pipe chords could actually be heard inside the church. 根據德國新聞媒體《德新社》報導,下一次的和弦改變預計於二○二二年二月五日進行。這首樂曲最初在二○○一年九月五日正式開演,開始時沒有聲音。一直到二○○三年二月五日,也就是第一次改變和弦那天,第一個管風琴和弦才真正能在教堂中聽到。 Cage was born in Los Angeles in 1912 and died in New York in 1992. He’s known not only as a composer, but also as a music theorist, artist and philosopher. 約翰‧凱吉於一九一二年生於洛杉磯,一九九二年於紐約逝世。他不只是以作曲家的身分聞名,同時也是一位音樂理論家、藝術家和哲學家。 The St. Burchardi church has a long, checkered history. It was built around 1050, and was used for more than 600 years as a Cistercian monastery. It was partially destroyed during the Thirty Years’ War, later rebuilt, at some point secularized and over the centuries also served as a barn, a distillery and a pigsty, the John Cage Organ Project said on its website. 聖布爾夏迪教堂有著悠久而興衰無常的歷史。教堂大約是在一○五○年間建造,六百多年來被用作天主教熙篤會的修道院。根據「約翰‧凱吉管風琴計畫」網站的介紹,該教堂在三十年戰爭期間部分遭到摧毀,後來經過重建,從某個時間點開始作為世俗用途。好幾個世紀以來,建築被用來作為穀倉、釀酒廠、豬舍。 Chord changes usually draw several thousand visitors to Halberstadt, but because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of guests allowed into the church was limited this year. 和弦改變通常會吸引數千名觀眾前往哈柏斯塔朝聖,然而因為武漢肺炎(新冠病毒,COVID-19)全球大流行,今年獲准進入教堂躬逢其盛的觀眾人數受到限制。 Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2020/09/13/2003743299 通勤學英語15mins.Today榮獲 Apple Podcast 2020年十大熱門節目 KKBox 2020年十大Podcast風雲榜 (唯一語言學習Podcast) Himalaya 人氣票選播客總冠軍 每日英語跟讀Podcast,就在http://www.15mins.today/daily-shadowing 每週Vocab精選詞彙Podcast,就在https://www.15mins.today/vocab 每週In-TENSE文法練習Podcast,就在https://www.15mins.today/in-tense 用email訂閱就可以收到通勤學英語節目更新通知。

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