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*第三季*【EP. 74】#358 經濟學人新聞評論【美國聯準會 (The Fed)、聯準會主席鮑爾 (Jerome Powell)、菲利浦曲線:就業率 feat. 通貨膨脹、英美貿易協議、空巴 vs. 波音、國家補貼 feat. 重商主義、報復性關稅、巴西疫情、巴西總統波索納洛 (Jair Bolsonaro)】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-03-06
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🔴Friday March 5th 2021 🔵2021年3月5日星期五 1️⃣When the Fed speaks: it’s gonna be 50 50 當美聯準會開口:不是大好,就是大壞 Markets fell following a speech by Jerome Powell, chairman of America’s Federal Reserve. He said he expects a short-term rise in inflation, but not sharp enough to increase interest rates. Mr Powell insisted that the Fed will keep rates near zero until America reaches “maximum employment” and inflation averages 2% over time. Some economists worry that low rates combined with President Joe Biden’s $1.9trn stimulus package might overheat the economy. 在美國聯準會 (Federal Reserve System,或稱“The Fed”) 主席鮑爾 (Jerome Powell) 發表談話後,市場應聲下跌。鮑爾預計通貨膨脹會有短期內上升的可能,但其幅度並不足以調升利率。鮑爾堅持認為,聯準會將維持利率趨近零的方向,直到美國達到“最大化的就業率”以及時間推移後之平均通貨膨脹率達到 2%。一些經濟學家擔心,低利率再加上美國總統拜登的一兆九千億美元經濟刺激方案很可能會使經濟過熱。 2️⃣UK v. US: easing on tariffs 英國 vs. 美國:大家各退一步 America suspended some retaliatory tariffs against British goods, including Scotch whisky, for four months, after Britain cancelled tariffs on certain American imports. The levies were imposed as part of a longstanding tit-for-tat trade war between the European Union and America over subsidies for Airbus and Boeing, two planemakers. Britain hopes the suspension will buy goodwill for a trade deal with America. 在英國取消了對部分美國進口商品的關稅之後,美方暫停了對包括 (來自英國的) 蘇格蘭威士忌 (Scotch whisky) 在內的英國商品之報復性關稅,為期四個月。這些徵收的關稅是歐盟和美國之間長期針鋒相對之貿易戰的一環,源於雙方對 (歐洲) 空中巴士 (Airbus) 以及 (美國) 波音公司 (Boeing) 之 (各方) 國家補貼。英國此舉旨在釋出善意,希望能為英美雙方就往後洽談之貿易協議有個好的開端。 3️⃣Covid-19 in Brazil: MISERABLE!!! 巴西疫情:慘!!! Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s second-largest city, ordered a curfew to avoid a repeat of last year’s covid-19 “genocide”. The mayor’s announcement came after Brazil suffered on Wednesday its worst day of covid-19 deaths since the pandemic began, with a record 1,910 fatalities. Scientists urged the government to declare a 14-day lockdown. But President Jair Bolsonaro, who has consistently undermined virus-containment measures, remains opposed. 巴西第二大城里約熱內盧 (Rio de Janeiro) 市長下令實施宵禁,以避免重蹈去年新冠病毒大肆傳播 (導致近乎種族滅絕式的大量人口死亡) 之覆轍。巴西在 (本) 週三遭逢了自疫情大流行開始以來 (因新冠病毒) 死亡人數最嚴重的一天,而當天的 (單日) 死亡人數來到了創記錄的 1,910人。科學家們呼籲政府宣佈 14天的封城措施。然而,一向破壞防疫措施的巴西總統波索納洛 (Jair Bolsonaro) 仍然反對該 (封城) 呼籲。

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