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*第四季*【EP. 105】#406 看經濟學人學英文 feat. 經濟學人新聞評論【古巴 feat. 古巴共產黨、卡斯楚 (Castro)、美國對古巴的制裁、(古巴) 雙元貨幣系統、每日單字精選】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-04-22
23:20
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🔴Friday April 16th 2021 🔵2021年4月16日星期五 🔱Espresso - Today’s agenda 每日濃縮 - 今日頭條 🙅‍♀️🇨🇺🙅‍♂️No más: Castros, not communism 拜託別再來:這不是共產主義,是卡斯楚兄弟 Cuba’s ruling Communist Party begins its annual congress today. It will be the last with a Castro in a top leadership role. Raúl Castro, who is 89, has run the island since his late brother, Fidel, became ill in 2006. Having handed over the country’s presidency to Miguel Díaz-Canel in 2019, this weekend Raúl will step down as party first secretary and commander of the armed forces. Mr Díaz-Canel, a 60-year-old party official, will probably get the first secretary job. The Congress comes at a difficult time for the regime. Thanks to the pandemic and former president Donald Trump’s tightening of American sanctions, the economy shrank by 11% last year. Shortages are acute. A long-needed reform that ended Cuba’s dual-currency system has sparked inflation. And a digitally-connected younger generation is chafing at curbs on freedom of expression. The congress’s slogan is “unity and continuity”. They are not immediately threatened, but are no longer automatic. (長久以來) 執政古巴的古巴共產黨 (古共) 將於今日召開卡斯楚兄弟 (Castro) 擔任最高領導職務下的最後一次全國代表大會。高齡 89歲的勞爾卡斯楚 (Raúl Castro) 自其兄長斐代爾卡斯楚 (Fidel Castro) 於 2006年罹病後,便一直統治著這個島國至今。不過在 2019年時,勞爾卡斯楚早已將該國國家主席的位子移交給了 Miguel Díaz-Canel,而 (勞爾卡斯楚) 於本週末亦再卸下古共 (中央委員會) 第一書記以及古巴革命武裝力量總司令等職務。現年 60歲的 Miguel Díaz-Canel 預計將接下 (古共) 第一書記 (的職務)。今年 (全國代表) 大會的召開正處於古共政權相當艱困的時間點上。由於新冠疫情以及前美國總統川普加緊了對古巴的制裁,該國去年的經濟萎縮了 11 %。(生產要素之) 短缺非常嚴重。終結古巴雙元貨幣系統 (長久以來) 所需的改革引發了通貨膨脹,而與數位接軌的年輕世代正不滿於言論自由受到箝制。今年全代會的口號是「團結與延續」。古共雖然尚未遭受立即性的威脅,但也不能再處之泰然了。 ⚜️Daily takeaway⚜️ 每日單字精選 ✅Leadership (n.): 領導、領導階層 (名) ✅Hand over (v.): 交出、移交給 (動) ✅Step down (v.): 下台、離職 (動) ✅Probably (adv.): 大概地、或許地 (副) ✅Acute (adj.): 急性的、劇烈的 (形) ✅Generation (n.): 世代 (名) ✅Continuity (n.): 延續性、連續性 (名) ✅Automatic (adj.): 自動的 (形) — ✔︎ 按讚【每日一經濟學人】Facebook 粉專:https://reurl.cc/Lddode ✔︎ 追蹤【每日一經濟學人】Instagram 帳號:https://reurl.cc/Oqqoq3 ✔︎ 訂閱【每日一經濟學人】YouTube 頻道:https://reurl.cc/Y665dX ✔︎ 閱讀【每日一經濟學人】Medium 平台:https://reurl.cc/k00WZr — 🔶如有商業合作或業務需求,請洽:leontheeconomist@gmail.com 🔴如影音內容有誤,歡迎來信勘誤:leontheeconomist@gmail.com

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