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2021.05.04 國際新聞導讀-國際社會16億人因疫情而失業或收入降低、以色列組閣將換人進行、納唐亞胡渴求司法保護可以讓出總理、伊朗最高宗教領袖哈米尼推特說明轉向東方的重要性

外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
2021-05-03
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2021.05.04 國際新聞導讀-國際社會16億人因疫情而失業或收入降低、以色列組閣將換人進行、納唐亞胡渴求司法保護可以讓出總理、伊朗最高宗教領袖哈米尼推特說明轉向東方的重要性 由於大流行,全球有兩分之一的人損失了收入 COVID-19危機席捲了全世界的工人;全球約有17億成年人表示,由於大流行,他們暫時停止了工作或工作。 由路透社 2021年5月3日07:36 文件照片:在美國阿肯色州史密斯堡的阿肯色州勞動力中心爆發冠狀病毒病(COVID-19)後,失業者排隊等候申請失業救濟金,2020年4月6日 (照片來源:REUTERS / NICK OXFO​​RD / FILE PHOTO) 廣告 週一的研究顯示,全世界有二分之一的人由于冠狀病毒而收入下降,其中低收入國家的人尤其受到失業或削減工作時間的打擊。 位於美國的民意測驗公司蓋洛普(Gallup)對117個國家/地區的300,000人進行了調查,結果發現,有一半人的工作收入因COVID-19大流行病干擾而減少。它說,這轉化為全球16億成年人。 研究人員在一份聲明中說:“在全球範圍內,這些百分比從泰國的最高76%到瑞士的10%不等。 在玻利維亞,緬甸,肯尼亞,烏干達,印度尼西亞,洪都拉斯和厄瓜多爾,超過70%的被調查者說,他們帶回家的次數少於全球健康危機之前。在美國,這一數字下降到34%。 COVID-19危機席捲了世界各地的工人,尤其是女性,她們在零售,旅遊和食品服務等低薪不穩定行業中所佔的比例過高。 國際慈善組織樂施會(Oxfam)週四進行的一項研究表明,這種大流行使全世界的婦女蒙受了8000億美元的收入損失。 蓋洛普民意調查發現,超過一半的受訪者表示,他們暫時停止了工作或工作,這意味著全球約有17億成年人。 在印度,津巴布韋,菲律賓,肯尼亞,孟加拉國,薩爾瓦多等57個國家/地區中,超過65%的受訪者表示他們已經停止工作了一段時間。 人們最不可能說自己停止工作的國家是發達的高收入國家。 在奧地利,瑞士和德國工作的人中,只有不到十分之一的人說他們暫時停止工作。研究表明,在美國,這一數字為39%。 這項民意調查還顯示,由於大流行,三分之二的受訪者失去了工作或業務-轉化為全球超過10億的人。 這些數據在收入較低的國家(例如菲律賓,肯尼亞和津巴布韋)的國家中也有所不同,顯示超過60%的受訪者失去了工作或業務,而瑞士為3%,美國為13%。 One in two people globally lost income due to the pandemic The COVID-19 crisis has hit workers across the world; about 1.7 billion adults globally said they temporarily stopped working at their job or business due to the pandemic. By REUTERS MAY 3, 2021 07:36 FILE PHOTO: People who lost their jobs wait in line to file for unemployment benefits, following an outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), at Arkansas Workforce Center in Fort Smith, Arkansas, U.S. April 6, 2020 (photo credit: REUTERS/NICK OXFORD/FILE PHOTO) Advertisement One in two people worldwide saw their earnings drop due to the coronavirus, with people in low-income countries particularly hard hit by job losses or cuts to their working hours, research showed on Monday. U.S.-based polling company Gallup, which surveyed 300,000 people across 117 countries, found that half of those with jobs earned less because of COVID-19 pandemic disruptions. This translated to 1.6 billion adults globally, it said. "Worldwide, these percentages ranged from a high of 76% in Thailand to a low of 10% in Switzerland," said researchers in a statement. In Bolivia, Myanmar, Kenya, Uganda, Indonesia, Honduras and Ecuador, more than 70% people polled said they took home less than before global health crisis. In the United States, this figure dropped to 34%. The COVID-19 crisis has hit workers across the world, particularly women, who are over-represented in low-paid precarious sectors such as retail, tourism and food services. A study by the international charity Oxfam on Thursday said the pandemic had cost women around the world $800 billion in lost income. The Gallup poll found that more than half of those surveyed said they temporarily stopped working at their job or business - translating to about 1.7 billion adults globally. In 57 countries including India, Zimbabwe, the Philippines, Kenya, Bangladesh, El Salvador, more than 65% of respondents said they stopped working for a time. Countries where people were least likely to say they stopped working were predominantly developed, high-income countries. Fewer than one in 10 of those who had jobs in Austria, Switzerland and Germany said they had stopped working temporarily. In the U.S., the figure was 39%, research showed. The poll also showed that one in three people surveyed lost their job or business due to the pandemic - translating into just over one billion people globally. These figures also varied across nations with lower income countries such as the Philippines, Kenya and Zimbabwe showing more than 60% of respondents lost their jobs or businesses, compared to 3% in Switzerland and 13% in the United States. 內塔尼亞胡放棄組建政府 他說,他將改為直接選舉總理,他說,如果亞米納支持,將會通過。 通過GIL HOFFMAN 2021年4月20日22:15 總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)在2021年2月23日在以色列北部特拉海舉行的約瑟夫·特朗普德爾(Joseph Trumpeldor)追悼儀式 (照片來源:DAVID COHEN / FLASH 90) 廣告 總理內塔尼亞胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)週二在耶路撒冷總理辦公室舉行的新聞發布會上說,總理不再尋求依靠拉姆黨(阿拉伯聯合酋長國)的外部支持的政府。 內塔尼亞胡的同事們說,內塔尼亞胡不再希望組建政府,儘管他仍然打算維持組建政府的任務,該任務於5月4日結束。 內塔尼亞胡說,取而代之的是,他將尋求直接當選總理,如果亞米納支持,則將通過。 他說:“我們不需要拉姆。” “我們需要直接選舉來組成政府。” 當被問及他是否譴責宗教猶太復國主義黨領袖貝扎萊爾·斯莫特里奇(Bezalel Smotrich)屢次襲擊拉姆時,內塔尼亞胡拒絕置評,這激怒了拉姆MK。 “內塔尼亞胡是否想組建政府知道我們的地址,”拉姆·MK賽義德·阿爾哈羅米(Raeam MK Saeed Alharomi)告訴《耶路撒冷郵報》。“他知道他需要克制他們。” 當被問及另一位利庫德集團高級人物,如以色列議會議長雅里夫·萊文(Yariv Levin),將組成政府輪流擔任總理的可能性時,內塔尼亞胡說:“將不尊重一百萬名投票的選民的意願,說:”由內塔尼亞胡(Natanyahu)領導的利庫德(Likud)。” 內塔尼亞胡的同夥表示,他將把剩下的任務全部用於攻擊和“消滅”亞米納領導人納夫塔利·本內特,後者有望在內塔尼亞胡的任務期滿後與耶什·阿迪德領導人耶爾·拉皮德建立聯盟。 在新聞發布會上,內塔尼亞胡指責貝內特“阻止成立右翼政府”,原因是他個人雄心勃勃地希望成為具有七項任務的總理。 Yamina派系負責人Ayelet Shaked在埃拉特希律酒店的市政協會會議上說,Yamina希望有一個右翼政府,但是在短短兩年內舉行第五次選舉是不可行的。 內塔尼亞胡星期二會見了斯莫特里奇,並敦促他支持由沙斯·麥凱克斯(Shas MKs)提出的直接選舉總理的議案。 拉皮德譴責內塔尼亞胡要求進行直接選舉的呼籲,稱其為“過時的策略”,並且以色列不需要再次選舉。 拉皮德星期二在反內塔尼亞胡集中營內部遭到了MK的批評,他們抱怨說他尚未與貝內特達成協議。拉皮德和貝內特之間的差距在未來政府的組成,如何分配投資組合以及其中哪一個應該獲得魯汶·里夫林總統的下屆政府授權下,仍然存在很大差距。 耶什·阿迪德(Yesh Atid)派系負責人梅爾·科恩(Meir Cohen)星期二在以色列議會召集反內塔尼亞胡集團的派系代表,以計劃在周三以色列議會安排委員會下次會議之前製定戰略。 在周一晚間委員會的第一次會議上,雙方未能就誰應擔任以色列議會議長的副議長,以及以色列財政和外交事務及國防委員會的臨時主席一事達成共識。 在任命以色列議會副議長之前,不能確定代替里夫林出任總統的選舉日期。 Netanyahu gives up on forming a government He said he would instead seek a direct election for prime minister, which he said would pass if Yamina supported it. By GIL HOFFMAN APRIL 20, 2021 22:15 Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at a memorial ceremony for Joseph Trumpeldor in Tel-Hai, northern Israel, February 23, 2021 (photo credit: DAVID COHEN/FLASH 90) Advertisement Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is no longer seeking a government that relies on the outside support of the Ra’am Party (United Arab List), he said Tuesday at a press conference in the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem. Netanyahu no longer sees any chance of forming a government, although he still intends to maintain his mandate to form a government, which ends on May 4, his associates said. Instead, he would seek a direct election for prime minister, which will pass if Yamina supports it, Netanyahu said. “We don’t need Ra’am,” he said. “We need a direct election to form a government.” When asked if he condemned the repeated attacks on Ra’am by Religious Zionist Party head Bezalel Smotrich, Netanyahu declined to comment, which angered Ra’am MKs. “Netanyahu knows our address if he wants to form a government,” Ra’am MK Saeed Alharomi told The Jerusalem Post. “He knows he needs to restrain them.” Asked about the possibility that another senior Likud figure, such as Knesset Speaker Yariv Levin, would form a government in a rotation with him as prime minister, Netanyahu said that would “disrespect the will of one million voters who cast ballots that said, ‘The Likud led by Netanyahu.’” Netanyahu’s associates said he would devote the rest of his mandate to attacking and “outing” Yamina leader Naftali Bennett, who is expected to attempt building a coalition with Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid after Netanyahu’s mandate ends. At the press conference, Netanyahu accused Bennett of preventing the formation of a right-wing government “due to his personal ambition to be prime minister with seven mandates.” Yamina wanted there to be a right-wing government, but holding a fifth election in just over two years was not an option, Yamina faction head Ayelet Shaked said at the Association of Municipal Corporations conference at the Herod’s Hotel in Eilat. Netanyahu met on Tuesday with Smotrich and urged him to back the bill for the direct election of prime minister submitted by Shas MKs. Lapid condemned Netanyahu’s call for a direct election, calling it a “stalling tactic” and that Israel does not need another election. Lapid faced criticism from within the anti-Netanyahu camp on Tuesday from MKs who complained that he had not finalized a deal with Bennett. The gaps between Lapid and Bennett remain wide on the makeup of a prospective government, how portfolios should be distributed and which one of them should receive the next mandate to form a government from President Reuven Rivlin. Yesh Atid faction head Meir Cohen convened representatives of factions in the anti-Netanyahu bloc at the Knesset on Tuesday to plan a strategy ahead of the next meeting of the Knesset Arrangements Committee on Wednesday. In the first meeting of the committee late Monday night, the two sides failed to agree on who should receive the posts of deputy Knesset speaker and temporary chairmanship of the Knesset’s Finance and Foreign Affairs and Defense committees. Until deputy Knesset speakers are appointed, a date for the election to replace Rivlin as president cannot be set. 伊朗希望利用中國來對付美國-這意味著什麼? 向東方的轉移是伊朗多年來一直在討論的話題,包括在其主要媒體中。 由SETH J.FRANTZMAN 2021年5月3日16:41 外交大臣伊朗的穆罕默德·賈瓦德·扎里夫(Mohammad Javad Zarif)和中國的王毅(Wang Yi)在上個月在德黑蘭簽署的為期25年的合作協議的簽字儀式上碰了肘。 (照片來源:MAJID ASGARIPOUR / WANA / REUTERS) 廣告 近年來,伊朗一直在與中國加強聯繫,令人印象深刻地與北京達成了為期25年的合作協議。該交易的細節仍然晦澀難懂,但最高領導人哈梅內伊(Ayatollah Khamenei)週日在推特上談到了中國的重要性。 他的信息重點不應在該地區丟失。伊朗表示,它可以通過與俄羅斯和中國合作來平衡美國在該地區的作用。俄羅斯的數量是眾所周知的,但中國的新興作用具有深遠的影響。 “伊斯蘭革命使伊朗擺脫了美國的控制,”阿亞圖拉寫道。“這就是為什麼當伊朗與中國,俄羅斯及其其他鄰國建立政治和經濟關係時,他們會看到他們感到憤怒。” 伊朗通常將美國描述為一個正在抵抗的自大國。但是,這則消息很有趣,因為它暗示了伊朗希望藉助中國的力量與美國達成交易的意願,這是在消息中俄羅斯特別提到的。 向東方的轉移是伊朗多年來一直在公開討論的話題,包括其主要媒體也對此進行了討論。對於向東方轉移還沒有達成共識,因為有人擔心中國將扮演一個過分的角色,而伊朗擺脫美國製裁的願望將導致它在北京方面處於屈從的立場。 這是一個重要的問題,因為伊朗對其“革命”的整個敘述通常是它是東西方之間的“第三條道路”,而且它是自給自足的。伊朗領導人秘密地知道該國的經濟處於混亂狀態,其軍隊實力薄弱。它依靠其他手段來發揮力量,例如擺脫伊拉克,也門,敘利亞和黎巴嫩的混亂和軟弱。 但是,總的來說,伊朗在國際舞台上比在全球舞台上更令人討厭。如果不是因為核計劃及其對美國,以色列和其他美國夥伴的持續威脅之類的東西,它將被視為一流的大國。 伊朗暗示其有能力利用中國對抗美國,對該地區產生了影響。該地區的其他國家,例如以色列和阿聯酋,與中國建立了友好關係,北京認為穩定至關重要。 這意味著中國的觀點不一定是伊朗對該地區的觀點。北京不一定要以同樣的方式增強“抵抗”能力。中國很可能希望看到美國的角色減少,但是即使北京也不想讓美國在沒有美國海軍力量的情況下融化並讓不安全和全球貿易路線受到威脅。 從某種意義上說,中國的崛起​​得益於冷戰結束後美國所刻畫的全球霸權。中國的“一帶一路”倡議是基於穩定。 這對伊朗的整體行為意味著什麼?德黑蘭可能想向美國表明它可以去其他地方,例如中國。但它也知道,它的敵對行為和不對稱武力的使用在美國並不受歡迎,就像美國趨向於撲滅伊朗造成的危機那樣。 越來越多地紮根於中國的伊朗可能會尋求更加謹慎和務實的地區性角色,這僅是因為在談到北京時,德黑蘭沒有必要大肆鼓吹和威脅,因為它不會通過威脅取得任何成就。 北京也在研究它可以從德黑蘭獲得什麼。伊朗是一個具有戰略價值的重要大國。它擁有豐富的人力資源,可以作為貿易紐帶。但是它需要在鐵路和其他基礎設施上的投資。 與德黑蘭的合作使美國失去控制只能走這麼遠,因為中國的下一步就是使伊朗的投資得到回報。當中國到達這一階段時,德黑蘭將面臨許多問題,即他們是否做出了選擇向東方轉移的正確選擇,以及他們的行為可能如何改變。 Iran wants to use China to counter US - what are the implications? This shift to the east is a topic that has been discussed openly in Iran for years, including in its leading media. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN MAY 3, 2021 16:41 FOREIGN MINISTERS Mohammad Javad Zarif of Iran and Wang Yi of China bump elbows during the signing ceremony of a 25-year cooperation agreement, in Tehran last month. (photo credit: MAJID ASGARIPOUR/WANA/REUTERS) Advertisement Iran has been increasing ties to China in recent years, impressively securing a 25-year cooperation agreement with Beijing. The details of the deal are still obscure, but Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei tweeted about the importance of China on Sunday. The point of his message should not be lost on the region. Iran is signaling that it can balance the US role in the region through work with Russia and China. Russia is a known quantity, but China’s emerging role has far-reaching consequences. “The Islamic Revolution removed Iran from being under the control of the US,” the Ayatollah wrote. “That is why you see them becoming angry when Iran establishes political and economic ties with China, Russia and its other neighbors.” Iran usually depicts the US as an arrogant power that it is resisting. But this message is interesting because it juxtaposes Iran’s desire for a deal with the US with the power of China, specifically mentioned before Russia in the message. This shift to the East is a topic that has been discussed openly in Iran for years, including in its leading media. There is no consensus on the shift to the East because some fear China will get an outsized role and that Iran’s desire to get out from US sanctions will lead it into a subservient position with Beijing. That is an important issue because Iran’s whole narrative of its “revolution” has generally been that it is a “third way” between the East and the West and that it is self-sufficient. Iran’s leaders secretly know the country’s economy is in shambles and its army is weak. It thrives on projecting power using other means, such as feeding off the chaos and weakness in Iraq, Yemen, Syria and Lebanon. Overall, however, Iran is more a nuisance on the world stage than a global actor. Were it not for things such as the nuclear program and its constant threats to the US, Israel and other American partners, it would be viewed as a second-rate power. That Iran is hinting at its ability to lever China against the US has ramifications for the region. Other countries in the region, such as Israel and the UAE, have amicable relations with China, and Beijing sees stability as important. That means China’s view is not necessarily Iran’s view of the region. Beijing doesn’t necessarily want to empower “resistance” in the same way. China is likely happy to see the US role reduced, but even Beijing doesn’t want the US to melt away and leave insecurity and global trade routes under threat without the power of the US Navy present. In some ways, China’s rise has been aided by the global hegemony the US carved out after the end of the Cold War. China’s Belt and Road Initiative is predicated on stability. What might that mean for Iran’s overall behavior? Tehran may want to show the US that it can go elsewhere, for instance, to China. But it also knows its antagonistic behavior and use of asymmetric force is not welcomed in Beijing the way the US has tended to run to put out crises caused by Iran. An Iran that is increasingly anchored in China may seek a more cautious and pragmatic regional role, if only because when it comes to Beijing, there is no need for Tehran to bluster and threaten because it will achieve nothing through threats. Beijing is also studying what it can gain from Tehran. Iran is a large and important country of strategic value. It has vast human resources and can serve as a trade nexus. But it needs investment in rail and other infrastructure. Unseating the US by working with Tehran can only go so far because the next step for China is to make its Iran investment pay off. When China reaches that stage, there will be many questions in Tehran about whether they made the right choice to shift to the East and how their behavior may change. 埃坦·金茨堡(Eitan Ginzburg)週一將成為以色列第三位同性戀內閣部長 新的部長任命填補了空缺的內閣空缺,這是在法院規定的最後期限屆滿之前不久作出的。 通過GIL HOFFMAN 2021年5月3日20:19 艾坦·金茨堡(Eitan Ginzburg):拉阿納納(Raanana)的前市長和以色列第一位公開同性戀市長。 (照片來源:YANIR COZIN / MAARIV) 廣告 藍白派主席埃坦·金茨堡(Eitan Ginzburg)宣誓就職於週一晚上在以色列議會大廈擔任通信部長後,以色列 創紀錄的三位內閣部長是來自LGBT社區的。 拉恩納納(Ra'anana)的前市長金茨堡(Ginzburg)是以色列第一位公開同性戀市長。他將與離開工黨的同性戀部長伊齊克·史穆里(Izik Shmuli)和阿米爾·奧哈納(Amir Ohana)(利庫德)一起任職。 週一上午的內閣會議批准了Chili Tropper(藍色和白色)的科學技術組合,Yoav Galant(利庫德)的高等教育部,Yuval Steinitz(利庫德)的水利部和Michael Biton(藍色和白色)的社會平等方案。白色的)。 藍白集團負責人本尼·甘茨(Benny Gantz)在12月16日解僱約阿茲·亨德爾(Yoaz Hendel)離開藍白集團(New and Hope)之後,解雇了通訊部門。甘茨臨時任命了該部,但任命期滿。 總檢察長阿維卡伊·曼德布里特(Avichai Mandelblit)警告甘茨(Gantz),他持有太多投資組合。除了擔任候補總理和國防部長外,他還擔任司法部長,代理科技部長,社會平等部長和通訊部長。最高法院將內閣填補空缺的截止日期定為星期一下午4點。 以色列質量政府運動就此事向高級法院提出了請願書,他說任命應該早得多,而不是在法院規定的最後期限之前。它說,其他關鍵任命也是必要的,包括國家檢察官的任命。 它補充說:“在這個癱瘓的政府中,只有法院的干預才能使該國得以運轉。” 高等法院駁回了請願書,因為它實現了任命部長的目標。 Eitan Ginzburg to become Israel's third gay cabinet minister on Monday New ministerial appointments to fill vacant cabinet slots made shortly before expiry of court-imposed deadline. By GIL HOFFMAN MAY 3, 2021 20:19 Eitan Ginzburg: Former Mayor of Raanana & Israel’s first openly gay mayor. (photo credit: YANIR COZIN / MAARIV) Advertisement Israel has a record three cabinet ministers from the LGBT community after Blue and White faction chairman Eitan Ginzburg was sworn in as communications minister in the Knesset plenum late Monday night. Ginzburg, the former mayor of Ra’anana, was Israel’s first openly gay mayor. He will serve alongside gay ministers Itzik Shmuli, who left Labor, and Amir Ohana (Likud). Monday morning’s cabinet meeting approved the Science and Technology portfolio for Chili Tropper (Blue and White), the Higher Education Ministry for Yoav Galant (Likud), the Water Ministry for Yuval Steinitz (Likud) and the Social Equality portfolio for Michael Biton (Blue and White). The Communications portfolio was held by Blue and White head Benny Gantz after he fired Yoaz Hendel on December 16 when he left Blue and White for New Hope. Gantz held the ministry in a temporary capacity, but the appointment expired. Attorney-General Avichai Mandelblit warned Gantz that he was holding too many portfolios. Besides being alternate prime minister and defense minister, he is the justice minister and was acting science and technology minister, social equality minister and communications minister. The Supreme Court set a deadline of 4 p.m. on Monday for the cabinet to fill the vacancies. The Movement for Quality Government in Israel, which petitioned the High Court of Justice on the matter, said the appointments should have been made much sooner and not moments before the court-imposed deadline. Other key appointments were necessary, including that of a state prosecutor, it said. “In this government of national paralysis, only the court’s intervention enables the country to be run,” it added. The High Court dismissed the petition because its goal, getting ministers appointed, was achieved. 內塔尼亞胡表示支持貝內特組建聯盟,以換取法律保護 據報導,總理與亞米納領導人舉行了秘密會晤,以阻止他支持“變革集團”。內塔尼亞胡(Netanyahu)說,尋求採取有助於取消他的審判的措施的承諾 通過拉烏爾WOOTLIFF 今天,上午 6時10分57秒 總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡(右)與教育部長納夫塔利·本內特(Naftali Bennett)在以色列議會,2015年6月17日。(Miriam Alster / Flash90) 據報導,總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡僅剩一天的時間成立聯盟,他同意一項計劃,該計劃將允許亞米納黨領袖納夫塔利·本內特(Naftali Bennett)嘗試組建一個右翼政府,以換取他對一系列承諾的承諾。可能有助於總理終止正在進行的刑事審判的措施。 在Yamina的談判小組上週與Yesh Atid政黨代表會面時,第12頻道周日報導了新聞,Bennett和Netanyahu舉行了一次秘密會議,但未向媒體透露,他們在會議上討論了兩國之間可能輪換政府的細節。 根據瓦拉星期一的新聞報導,如果亞米納領導人承諾讓利庫德控制司法部並通過一項法律,使立法者可以推翻,內塔尼亞胡提議支持貝內特組成一個聯盟,並首先輪流擔任總理。最高法院的裁決取消了以色列議會的立法。 從理論上講,這兩項措施都可以幫助內塔尼亞胡取消他受賄,欺詐和違反信任的指控,並過早結束他的刑事審判。在控制司法部的過程中,內塔尼亞胡將有能力在未來幾個月內結束阿維沙伊·曼德爾布里特(Avichai Mandelblit)的任期,任命一名新的司法部長。最高法院的一項凌駕於法律之上的法律可能使他能夠通過立法禁止總理受審。 內塔尼亞胡過去一直拒絕排除立法的可能性,即使他的刑事審判已經開始,也可以使他免於定罪。貝內特曾多次表示,他支持最高法院的改革,但反對個人量身定制的追溯性立法。 總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)於2021年4月20日在他在耶路撒冷的辦公室舉行的新聞發布會上。(Yonatan Sindel / Flash90) 利庫德(Likud)和亞米納(Yamina)都否認了瓦拉的報告,貝內特(Bennett)的政黨說,兩國領導人沒有討論“沒有這樣的事情”。 該黨在一份聲明中說:“只要內塔尼亞胡無法組建右翼政府,就沒有針對Yamina的此類提議,而且此類提議也不重要。” 儘管亞米娜(Yamina)在三月份的大選中僅贏得了七個席位,但貝內特(Bennett)已成為潛在的製王者甚至國王,但他尚未宣布他將出任總理一職。他曾表示,如果總理投票,他將支持以內塔尼亞胡為首的右翼政府,但如果沒有內塔尼亞胡,他將努力建立一個沒有內塔尼亞胡的統一政府。 Yamina領導人納夫塔利·本內特(Naftali Bennett)將於2021年4月21日在以色列議會上向新聞界發表聲明。(Yonatan Sindel / Flash90) 即使利庫德族和支持內塔尼亞胡的政黨支持貝內特組成聯盟,但內塔尼亞胡仍需要說服極右翼的宗教猶太復國主義和伊斯蘭教拉姆進行合作-他們目前不願意這樣做。 星期天晚上,宗教猶太復國主義組織內最右邊的諾姆派的精神領袖發表公開呼籲,要求內塔尼亞胡在拉姆的支持下成立右翼聯盟。 然而,宗教猶太復國主義發表聲明回應說:“宗教猶太復國主義在依賴恐怖主義支持者的立場上並沒有而且不會改變,這些支持者否認以色列作為猶太國家的存在。” 在周日的恐怖襲擊中,三名19歲的耶希瓦學生受傷,其中兩人受重傷,在西岸北部的一個公交車站遭開車開槍射擊時,拉姆族長曼蘇爾·阿巴斯(Mansour Abbas)週一表示,他在回應恐怖襲擊時說“明確反對對無辜者的任何傷害。” 內塔尼亞胡是以色列任職時間最長的總理,他在3月23日的大選後為自己的政治和法律生存而戰,他在為腐敗指控受審時努力組建政府。儘管他可以要求魯汶·里夫林總統延長任期14天,但他組建聯盟的正式任務在周二晚上到期。 選舉是自2019年4月以來的第四次選舉,陷入僵局,內塔尼亞胡的右翼宗教集團再次未能獲得多數席位,部分原因是三個右翼政黨競選,宣布了接替他的目標。除非出現意外的突破,內塔尼亞胡沒有明確的方式組建一個執政聯盟。 作為以色列總統的里夫林(Rivlin)責成一個立法者組成政府,他可以給內塔尼亞胡(Natanyahu)延長任期,將任務交給另一位立法者或將其踢到以色列議會21天,此後將自動進行第五次選舉。如果沒有人組成政府則召集。 2021年4月5日,魯汶·里夫林總統在耶路撒冷總統官邸會見了耶什·阿蒂德政黨(Yonatan Sindel / Flash90) 如果里夫林確實任命另一位以色列議會議員組成政府,那麼人們將廣泛期待貝內特或耶什·阿蒂德領導人耶爾·拉皮德,他們一直在就沒有內塔尼亞胡成立一個統一政府進行會談。 然而,據稱貝內特在自己的右翼民族主義政黨內部不願與Lapid合作,他的Yamina的七名議員中有些可能不同意加入這樣的聯盟,這也需要阿拉伯議員的支持。據報導,Yamina 2號Ayelet Shaked一直在努力反對中左派統一政府的前景。 據坎這家公共廣播公司稱,在亞米納內部存在分歧以及貝內特與內塔尼亞胡合作的最新報導中,耶什·阿蒂德(Yesh Atid)週一告訴貝內特,談判將擱置,直到亞米納主席公開宣布支持內塔尼亞胡之後的統一政府。 如果沒有組成政府,該國將在兩年半的時間內進行第五次選舉。 Netanyahu said to back Bennett forming coalition in return for legal protections PM reportedly held secret meeting with Yamina leader in bid to prevent him supporting ‘change bloc’; Netanyahu said seeking commitment to measures that could help cancel his trial By RAOUL WOOTLIFF Today, 10:57 am 6 Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, right, with Education Minister Naftali Bennett in the Knesset, June 17, 2015. (Miriam Alster/Flash90) With just one day remaining for him to form a coalition, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has reportedly agreed to a plan that would allow Yamina party head Naftali Bennett to try and put together a right-wing government, in return for him committing to a series of measures that could help the premier put an end to his ongoing criminal trial. While Yamina’s negotiating team was meeting with representatives of the Yesh Atid party last week, Channel 12 news reported Sunday, Bennett and Netanyahu held a secret meeting, not disclosed to the media, where they discussed the details of a potential rotation government between the two. According to a Walla news report Monday, Netanyahu offered to back Bennett to put together a coalition and be prime minister first in a rotation if the Yamina leader committed to giving Likud control over the Justice Ministry and passing a law that would allow the lawmakers to override Supreme Court decisions striking down Knesset legislation. Both measures could theoretically help Netanyahu in his reported efforts to cancel the charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust against him and prematurely end his criminal trial. In controlling the Justice Ministry, Netanyahu would be able to appoint a new attorney general when Avichai Mandelblit’s tenure ends in the coming months; and a Supreme Court-override law could allow him to pass legislation against putting a prime minister on trial. Netanyahu has in the past refused to rule out the possibility of legislation to provide him immunity from conviction, even after his criminal trial has begun. Bennett has repeatedly said he supports reform of the Supreme Court but opposes personally tailored, retroactive legislation. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at a press conference at his office in Jerusalem on April 20, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Both Likud and Yamina denied the Walla report, with Bennett’s party saying “no such things” were discussed between the two leaders. “There is no such proposal and there is no importance to such proposals for Yamina as long as Netanyahu has no way to form a right-wing government,” the party said in a statement. Though Yamina won just seven seats in the March election, Bennett has become a potential kingmaker and even king, having not yet declared who he will back as prime minister. He has said that he will support a right-wing government headed by Netanyahu if the prime minister has the votes, but will work toward a unity government without Netanyahu if not. Yamina leader Naftali Bennett delivers a statement to the press at the Knesset on April 21, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Even if Likud and parties supporting Netanyahu were to back Bennett to form a coalition, Netanyahu would still need to convince the far-right Religious Zionism and Islamist Ra’am to cooperate — which they are currently unwilling to do. On Sunday night the spiritual head of the far-right Noam faction within Religious Zionism published an open call for Netanyahu to form a right-wing coalition with the backing of Ra’am. Religious Zionism, however, released a statement in response saying that “there is not and will not be a change in the position of Religious Zionism regarding reliance on terror supporters who deny the existence of Israel as a Jewish state.” Responding to Sunday’s terror attack in which three 19-year-old yeshiva students were injured, two of them seriously, in a drive-by shooting at a bus stop in the northern West Bank, Ra’am leader Mansour Abbas on Monday said that he “unequivocally opposes any harm to innocents.” Netanyahu, Israel’s longest-serving prime minister, is fighting for his political and legal survival after the March 23 elections, as he struggles to form a government while on trial for corruption charges. His official mandate to assemble a coalition expires on Tuesday night, though he can request a 14-day extension from President Reuven Rivlin. The elections, the fourth since April 2019, ended in gridlock, with Netanyahu’s right-wing religious bloc again coming short of a ruling majority, in part because three right-wing parties ran with the declared goal of replacing him. Barring an unexpected breakthrough, Netanyahu has no clear way of putting together a ruling coalition. Rivlin, who as Israel’s president is tasked with mandating a lawmaker to form a government, can either give Netanyahu an extension, hand the mandate to another lawmaker or kick it to the Knesset for a 21-day period, after which fifth elections would automatically be called if no one forms a government. President Reuven Rivlin meets with the Yesh Atid party at the President’s Residence in Jerusalem, April 5, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) If Rivlin does task another Knesset member with forming a government, it is widely expected to be either Bennett or Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid, who have been holding talks together on forming a unity government without Netanyahu. However, Bennett is said to be facing reluctance from within his own right-wing nationalist party to cooperate with Lapid, and some of his Yamina’s seven lawmakers may not agree to join such a coalition, which would also require the backing of Arab lawmakers. Yamina No. 2 Ayelet Shaked has reportedly been working hard against the prospect of a unity government with the center-left. According to the Kan public broadcaster, amid the disagreements within Yamina and the latest reports of Bennett’s cooperation with Netanyahu, Yesh Atid told Bennett Monday that negotiations would be put on hold until the Yamina chair publicly declares his support for a unity government without Netanyahu. Should no government be formed, the country will head to its fifth election in two and a half years.

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