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2021.06.05 國際新聞導讀-伊朗總統大選重要性、宗教領袖大阿雅圖拉傳承可能、美國指責葉門胡塞政權不考慮和平、納唐亞胡想盡辦法破壞新執政聯盟

外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
2021-06-04
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2021.06.05 伊朗總統大選重要性、宗教領袖大阿雅圖拉傳承可能、美國指責葉門胡塞政權不考慮和平、納唐亞胡想盡辦法破壞新執政聯盟 如果卡塔爾資金下週不進入加沙,哈馬斯威脅要重啟戰鬥 巴勒斯坦恐怖組織的匿名消息人士告訴黎巴嫩媒體,如果以色列不批准數千萬美元的入境,他們將考慮升級的選項 由伊曼紐爾·費邊今天,下午 3:07 2021 年 5 月 30 日,在加沙地帶北部的拜特拉希亞,在恐怖組織與以色列之間的為期 11 天的戰爭中達成停火僅僅一個多星期後,巴勒斯坦人聚集在一起,哈馬斯成員在集會上游行。(美聯社照片/ Felipe Dana) 恐怖組織的消息人士周五告訴黎巴嫩媒體,如果以色列不允許卡塔爾資金進入加沙地帶,哈馬斯將使與以色列邊境的局勢升級。 在以色列的批准下,卡塔爾近年來分發了數億美元的現金,使加沙的哈馬斯統治者能夠支付加沙地帶發電廠的燃料、支付公務員工資,並為數以萬計的貧困家庭提供援助。 哈馬斯消息人士告訴黎巴嫩的 Al Akhbar 報紙,該組織將等到下週末才能獲得資金,“如果這沒有發生,它將就兩週前生效的相互停火做出重要決定”,在與以色列戰鬥了 11 天之後。 哈馬斯的一名高級官員在 1 月份表示,卡塔爾每月將提供 3000 萬美元,用於加沙地帶的貧困家庭。 2020 年 6 月 27 日,巴勒斯坦人在加沙市的郵局收到卡塔爾的經濟援助款項。(Mahmud Hams/法新社) 卡塔爾外交部長謝赫穆罕默德·本·阿卜杜勒拉赫曼·阿勒薩尼週五在俄羅斯聖彼得堡舉行的金融會議上表示,卡塔爾是哈馬斯的主要支持者,自 2012 年以來已在該沿海飛地投資了約 14 億美元。 據 Ynet 新聞網站報導,Al-Thani 拒絕頻繁指責卡塔爾資金流向加沙的恐怖組織,並辯稱以色列知道這些資金是如何轉移的。 根據黎巴嫩的報告,該組織威脅要“在邊境地區施加壓力”,並且可能會採取可能“重新引發大規模對抗”的選項,但沒有進一步說明。 以色列和哈馬斯上個月結束了為期 11 天的戰鬥,在此期間,恐怖組織向以色列城鎮發射了約 4,300 枚火箭,以色列在加沙地帶發動了數百次報復性空襲。 據哈馬斯管理的加沙衛生部稱,253 名巴勒斯坦人在戰鬥中喪生,其中包括 66 名兒童。加沙的巴勒斯坦恐怖組織表示,總傷亡人數中有 80 人是戰鬥人員,而以色列則表示真實數字要高得多。在以色列,包括一名 5 歲男孩和一名 16 歲女孩在內的 13 人被殺。以色列說,加沙的數十人死亡是由哈馬斯火箭彈射不足並落在加沙地帶內造成的。 火箭於 2021 年 5 月 20 日在加沙城從加沙地帶向以色列發射。(美聯社照片/Hatem Moussa) 自5月20日停火生效以來,加沙沒有向以色列發射火箭彈。然而,週日晚上,一名從加沙地帶越過的巴勒斯坦人 刺傷了一名保安,在靠近飛地的以色列城鎮外輕傷了他。週一, 以色列南部的一場火災 顯然是由從加沙地帶發射的氣球燃燒裝置引發的。 自停火開始以來,恐怖組織中未具名官員周五發出的威脅並不是第一次。 上週三,加沙恐怖組織的一名領導人威脅說,如果以色列“侵犯”耶路撒冷聖殿山的阿克薩清真寺,他們將恢復火箭襲擊,而哈馬斯武裝翼的發言人上週告訴一群支持者,它將對任何在一些以色列官員呼籲對這個恐怖組織採取更嚴厲的回應,包括重新暗殺哈馬斯領導人之後,以色列的事態升級。 Hamas threatens to renew fighting if Qatari funds don’t enter Gaza next week Unnamed sources in Palestinian terror group tell Lebanese media it will consider options for escalation if Israel doesn’t approve the entry of tens of millions of dollars By EMANUEL FABIANToday, 3:07 pm Palestinians gather as Hamas members parade at a rally just over a week after a ceasefire was reached in an 11-day war between the terror group and Israel, May 30, 2021, in Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana) If Israel does not allow the passage of Qatari funds to the Gaza Strip, Hamas will escalate the situation on the border with Israel, sources in the terror group told Lebanese media on Friday. With Israel’s approval, Qatar has in recent years distributed hundreds of millions of dollars in cash to enable Gaza’s Hamas rulers to pay for fuel for the Strip’s power plant, pay civil servants, and provide aid to tens of thousands of impoverished families. Hamas sources told the Lebanese Al Akhbar newspaper that the organization would wait until the end of next week for the money to enter, “and if this does not happen it will take an important decision regarding the mutual ceasefire” that took effect two weeks ago, after 11 days of fighting with Israel. A senior Hamas official in January said Qatar would be providing $30 million every month, meant for poor families in the Gaza Strip. Palestinians receive financial aid payments from Qatar at a post office in Gaza City on June 27, 2020. (Mahmud Hams/AFP) Qatar is a key backer of Hamas and has invested some $1.4 billion in the coastal enclave since 2012, Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman al-Thani said at a financial conference in St. Petersburg, Russia on Friday. Al-Thani rejected frequent accusations that the Qatari money goes to the terror organizations in Gaza and argued that Israel knows how the money is transferred, the Ynet news site reported. According to the Lebanese report, the group threatened to “use pressure in the border area,” and may also resort to options that could “renew the widescale confrontation,” without elaborating further. Israel and Hamas concluded 11 days of fighting last month during which the terror group launched some 4,300 rockets at Israeli cities and towns, and Israel launched hundreds of retaliatory airstrikes in the Gaza Strip. According to the Hamas-run Gaza health ministry, 253 Palestinians were killed during the fighting, including 66 children. Palestinian terror groups in Gaza have said 80 of the total casualties were combatants, while Israel says the true figure is much higher. Thirteen people in Israel, including a 5-year-old boy and a 16-year-old girl, were killed. Israel says dozens of the Gaza fatalities were caused by Hamas rockets that fell short and landed inside the Strip. Rockets are launched from the Gaza Strip towards Israel, in Gaza City, May 20, 2021. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa) Since the ceasefire took effect on May 20, there has been no rocket fire from Gaza toward Israel. However, on Sunday night a Palestinian who crossed from the Strip stabbed a security guard, lightly injuring him outside an Israeli town near the enclave. On Monday, a fire in southern Israel was apparently sparked by a balloon-borne incendiary device launched from the Gaza Strip. Friday’s threats from unnamed officials in the terror group were not the first since the ceasefire began. A leader of the terror group in Gaza threatened last Wednesday to resume rocket attacks if Israel “violates” the Al-Aqsa Mosque on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount, while a spokesman for Hamas’s armed wing told a crowd of supporters last week that it will respond to any Israeli escalation in kind, after some Israeli officials called for a harsher response to the terror group, including the renewal of assassinations of Hamas leaders. Aaron Boxerman contributed to this report. 伊朗領導人說一些被拒絕投票的候選人是“錯誤的” 最高領袖阿亞圖拉阿里哈梅內伊說:“一些候選人被冤枉。他們被指責不真實的事情也很不幸地在互聯網上傳播。” 通過路透 2021 年 6 月 4 日 18:41 2020 年 11 月 3 日,伊朗最高領袖阿亞圖拉·阿里·哈梅內伊在先知穆罕默德誕辰之際在伊朗德黑蘭發表虛擬演講。 (圖片來源:哈梅內伊官方網站/通過路透社的講義) 廣告 伊朗最高領袖週五表示,一些在本月總統選舉中被拒絕的候選人在網上受到了“錯誤”和不公平的誹謗,儘管投票監督機構表示其最初禁止他們的決定仍然有效。 對伊朗事務擁有最終決定權的最高領袖阿亞圖拉阿里哈梅內伊上個月支持監管機構拒絕幾位著名的溫和派和保守派候選人參加 6 月 18 日的投票,其中包括前議長阿里拉里賈尼。 週五,哈梅內伊表示,一些被取消資格的候選人在審查過程中受到了不公平的對待。 他在電視講話中說:“一些候選人被冤枉。他們被指責說不實的事情也很不幸地在互聯網上傳播。保護人民的榮譽是最重要的問題之一。我呼籲負責機構恢復他們的榮譽。” . 幾位被拒絕的候選人在網上遭到攻擊,一些社交媒體發帖者指責他們的近親生活在“敵對的”西方國家。 在哈梅內伊發表聲明後,一位領先的溫和派候選人——前中央銀行行長阿卜杜勒納塞爾·赫馬蒂——在推特上表示,他希望一些被拒絕的政客現在能夠復職。 但不久之後,監護委員會投票機構表示,其禁止候選人的決定並未受到任何針對他們的謠言的影響,禁令仍然有效。 “在強調維護個人尊嚴並譴責對候選人及其家人的褻瀆的同時,安理會敦促媒體尊重機密,”它說。 禁止候選人的決定提振了哈梅內伊盟友、強硬派司法部長易卜拉欣·賴西 (Ebrahim Raisi) 的前景,儘管由於對美國製裁使經濟陷入癱瘓的不滿,這也可能削弱神職統治者希望獲得高投票率的希望。 伊朗選民將在選舉中選擇七名候選人——五名強硬派和兩名低調的溫和派。實用主義現任總統哈桑·魯哈尼在法律上被禁止連任第三個任期。 在德黑蘭和六國試圖重振華盛頓三年前退出的 2015 年核協議之際,這次選舉可能會加強哈梅內伊在國內的權威。 哈梅內伊的盟友將伊朗經濟問題的責任直接放在政府身上,並表示不能相信華盛頓會履行任何協議。 Iran leader says some rejected vote candidates were 'wronged' "Some candidates were wronged. They were accused of untrue things that were unfortunately spread throughout the internet too," Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said. By REUTERS JUNE 4, 2021 18:41 Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei delivers a virtual speech, on the occasion of the Prophet Mohammad's birthday, in Tehran, Iran November 3, 2020. (photo credit: OFFICIAL KHAMENEI WEBSITE/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS) Advertisement Iran's Supreme Leader said on Friday some of the candidates rejected from this month's presidential election had been "wronged" and unfairly maligned online, though the vote watchdog said its original decision to bar them still held. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say on Iran's affairs, last month endorsed the watchdog's rejection of several prominent moderate and conservative candidates for the June 18 vote, including former parliament speaker Ali Larijani. On Friday, Khamenei said some of the disqualified candidates had been treated unfairly during the vetting process. "Some candidates were wronged. They were accused of untrue things that were unfortunately spread throughout the internet too. Protecting people's honor is one of the most important issues. I call on the responsible bodies to restore their honor," he said in a televised speech. Several of the rejected candidates had faced attacks online, with some social media posters accusing them of having close relatives living in "hostile" Western countries. Immediately after Khamenei's statement, one leading moderate candidate - former central bank governor Abdolnaser Hemmati - tweeted that he hoped some of the rejected politicians would now be reinstated. But the Guardian Council vote body soon after said its decision to ban the candidates had not been affected by any rumors against them, and the prohibitions still stood. "While emphasizing the preservation of the dignity of individuals and condemning the desecration of the candidates and their families, the Council urges media outlets to respect confidentiality," it said. The decision to ban the candidates boosted the prospects of hardline judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi, an ally of Khamenei, though it may also dent the clerical rulers' hopes of a high turnout amid discontent over an economy crippled by US sanctions. Iranian voters will have a choice between seven candidates - five hardliners and two low-key moderates - in the election. Pragmatist incumbent President Hassan Rouhani is legally barred from running for a third term. The election is likely to reinforce Khamenei's authority at home at a time when Tehran and six powers are trying to revive their 2015 nuclear deal Washington exited three years ago. Allies of Khamenei have placed the responsibility for Iran's economic problems squarely on the government and said that Washington cannot be trusted to fulfill any accord. 美國稱也門胡塞武裝在衝突中負有“主要責任” 自 1 月上任以來,美國總統喬·拜登 (Joe Biden) 將也門列為優先事項,並任命特使蒂姆·蘭德金 (Tim Lenderking) 幫助重振陷入僵局的聯合國和平努力。 通過路透 2021 年 6 月 4 日 15:18 胡塞支持者集會譴責美國於 1 月 6 日在也門薩那殺害伊朗軍事指揮官卡西姆·蘇萊曼尼和伊拉克民兵指揮官阿布·馬赫迪·穆罕迪斯。標語牌上寫著:“上帝是最偉大的,美國之死,以色列之死,對猶太人的詛咒,對伊斯蘭教的勝利。 (圖片來源:KHALED Abdullah/路透社) 廣告 華盛頓——美國周五指責與伊朗結盟的胡塞武裝於週五未能在也門實現停火,並指責他們沒有採取其他措施來結束這場殘酷的衝突。 “雖然也門境內有許多有問題的行為者,但胡塞武裝對拒絕就停火進行有意義的接觸並採取措施解決給也門人民帶來難以想像的痛苦的近七年沖突負有主要責任,”國務院說。 在美國特使也門,添Lenderking,從旅行到沙特阿拉伯,阿曼,阿聯酋和約旦,在那裡他與政府官員,也門和國際合作夥伴,部門討論的人道主義和經濟危機在也門返回上週四在一份聲明中說。 自 1 月上任以來,美國總統喬·拜登 (Joe Biden) 將也門列為優先事項,並任命 Lenderking 幫助重振陷入僵局的聯合國和平努力。 在 Lenderking 上個月訪問歸來後,國務院指責胡塞武裝襲擊了馬里布,這是胡塞武裝驅逐出首都的沙特支持政府的最後一個北部據點,從而加劇了也門的人道主義危機。 情況沒有改變。 美國國務院表示:“胡塞武裝繼續對馬里布發動毀滅性攻勢,這受到國際社會的譴責,並使胡塞越來越孤立。” 它說,Lenderking 曾與也門人討論加強“包容性進程”,這可以幫助公民討論該國的未來並加大對和平的努力。 US says Yemen's Houthis bear 'major responsibility' in conflict Since taking office in January, US President Joe Biden has made Yemen a priority and appointed special envoy Tim Lenderking to help revive stalled UN peace efforts. By REUTERS JUNE 4, 2021 15:18 HOUTHI SUPPORTERS rally to denounce the US killing of Iranian military commander Qasem Soleimani and Iraqi militia commander Abu Mahdi alMuhandis, in Sana’a, Yemen, on January 6. The placards read, ‘God is the greatest, death to America, death to Israel, Curse on the Jews, victory to Islam.’ (photo credit: KHALED ABDULLAH/ REUTERS) Advertisement WASHINGTON - The United States on Friday blamed Iran-aligned Houthis for the failure of a ceasefire to take hold in Yemen on Friday and accused them of not taking other steps toward ending the brutal conflict. "While there are numerous problematic actors inside of Yemen, the Houthis bear major responsibility for refusing to engage meaningfully on a ceasefire and to take steps to resolve a nearly seven-year conflict that has brought unimaginable suffering to the Yemeni people," the State Department said. The US special envoy for Yemen, Tim Lenderking, returned on Thursday from a trip to Saudi Arabia, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Jordan, where he discussed the humanitarian and economic crisis in Yemen with government officials, Yemenis and international partners, the department said in a statement. Since taking office in January, US President Joe Biden has made Yemen a priority and appointed Lenderking to help revive stalled UN peace efforts. After Lenderking returned from a visit last month, the State Department accused the Houthis of worsening Yemen's humanitarian crisis by attacking Marib, the last northern stronghold of the Saudi-backed government that the Houthis drove out of the capital. The situation has not changed. "The Houthis continue a devastating offensive on Marib that is condemned by the international community and leaves the Houthis increasingly isolated," the State Department said. Lenderking had talked to Yemenis about strengthening "inclusive processes" that could help citizens discuss the country's future and increase efforts towards peace, it said. 伊朗、土耳其躋身新冠病例最多的 10 個國家之列 伊朗和土耳其在全球大多數新冠狀病毒病例中分別排名第 6 和第 9 作者:TARA KAVALER/媒體行 2021 年 6 月 4 日 09:58 2020 年 7 月 21 日,在以色列南部的 Zikim 海灘,新病例增加後,防護面罩被視為遏制冠狀病毒病 (COVID-19) 傳播的措施。照片拍攝於 2020 年 7 月 21 日。 (圖片來源:AMIR COHEN/REUTERS) 廣告 當世界衛生組織於 6 月 2 日宣布,它在前一周記錄了 350 萬例新的 COVID-19 感染(比前一周下降了 15%)時,中東的兩個國家出現在感染人數最多的前十個國家之列。新增病例:伊朗病例數超過69,000,位居全球第六;土耳其的新病例數超過 57,000,位居第九。 儘管如此,土耳其還是在 6 月 1 日放寬了限制以防止冠狀病毒的傳播,包括放寬週末宵禁規定,並允許在餐館和咖啡館為小團體提供服務。 伊朗當局本週早些時候宣布,它希望在 9 月開始其第一次由國家資助的 COVID-19 疫苗接種活動。這是因為該病毒在伊斯蘭共和國造成的死亡人數已超過 304,000。 此外,在 6 月 1 日,聯合國難民事務高級專員對巴基斯坦和伊朗等幾個國家的尋求庇護者中冠狀病毒病例增加發出警告,因為他們往往無法獲得疫苗。 同一天,阿爾及利亞部分開放了航空旅行的邊界,一年多來首次允許外國遊客入境。阿爾及利亞的陸地和海洋邊界仍然關閉。 據路透社報導,世界衛生組織 (WHO) 週二還宣布,將從下週開始在也門胡塞叛軍控制的地區開展 COVID-19 疫苗接種活動。 人權觀察本週譴責該組織阻礙援助組織提供疫苗劑量。然而,世衛組織的多位代表告訴媒體專線,胡塞武裝最初傾向於放寬射擊,直到該組織與拜登政府之間的緊張局勢加劇。 世衛組織於 6 月 1 日宣布批准中國的 Sinovac Biotech COVID-19 疫苗用於緊急使用。與此同時,巴林和阿拉伯聯合酋長國正在向國藥集團的接受者提供加強注射,這是該組織批准用於緊急使用的首個中國疫苗,過度擔心疫苗接種的效力。儘管巴林近一半人口接種了疫苗,但新病例激增。 據路透社報導,6 月 2 日,埃及總理穆斯塔法·馬德布利 (Mostafa Madbouly) 表示,他的目標是在 12 月 31 日之前讓 40% 的人口接種疫苗。從下個月開始,本地製作的鏡頭將向公眾開放。一天前,埃及每日新聞報導,埃及計劃和經濟發展部長哈拉賽義德表示,該國下一財年預算將全部用於減輕疫情造成的經濟負擔。 科威特政府贊助的 KUNA 新聞 6 月 2 日報導,該國已批准單克隆抗體治療藥物 sotrovimab 用於抗擊低水平的冠狀病毒病例。阿聯酋和巴林是中東和北非地區僅有的其他對治療性抗體治療過程開綠燈的國家。 Iran, Turkey among top 10 nations with most new COVID cases Iran and Turkey rank 6th and 9th respectively for most new cases of the coronavirus worldwide By TARA KAVALER/THE MEDIA LINE JUNE 4, 2021 09:58 A protective face mask is seen as curbs to fight the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been reimposed after a rise in new cases, at Zikim beach in southern Israel July 21, 2020. Picture taken July 21, 2020. (photo credit: AMIR COHEN/REUTERS) When the World Health Organization announced on June 2 that it had recorded 3.5 million new COVID-19 infections in the prior week (a 15 percent decline from the week before), two countries in the Middle East appeared among the top ten nations with the most new cases: Iran had the sixth-largest number of cases worldwide with over 69,000; and Turkey had the ninth-largest number of new cases at over 57,000. For more stories from The Media Line go to themedialine.org Despite this, Turkey eased restrictions to prevent the spread of the coronavirus on June 1, including loosening weekend curfew rules and allowing small groups of people to be served in restaurants and cafés. Iranian authorities announced earlier this week that it hopes to begin its first state-sponsored COVID-19 vaccination drive in September. This comes as the death toll from the virus has passed 304,000 in the Islamic Republic. Also, on June 1, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees sounded the alarm over an increase in cases of the coronavirus among asylum seekers in several countries, including Pakistan and Iran, as they often lack access to vaccines. The same day, Algeria partially unsealed its borders for air travel, allowing foreign visitors entry for the first time in over a year. Algeria’s land and sea borders remain shut. The World Health Organization (WHO) also announced Tuesday that it would start running COVID-19 vaccination drives in Houthi rebel-held parts of Yemen beginning next week, according to Reuters. Human Rights Watch denounced the group this week for impeding aid organizations in their quest to deliver doses of the vaccine. However, multiple representatives from the WHO told The Media Line that the Houthis were initially amenable to easing distribution of the shots until tensions rose between the group and the Biden administration. Continue watchingNew government to be sworn in on Wednesdayafter the ad The WHO announced approval of China’s Sinovac Biotech COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use on June 1. This comes as Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates are delivering booster shots to recipients of Sinopharm, the first Chinese vaccine to be approved for emergency use by the organization, over concerns about the vaccination’s efficacy. Despite the fact that nearly half of its population is vaccinated, Bahrain has experienced a surge in new cases. On June 2, Egyptian Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly said that he aims to have 40% of the population vaccinated by December 31, according to Reuters. Locally produced shots will become available to the public starting next month. A day earlier, the Daily News Egypt reported that Hala El-Said, Egypt’s minister of planning and economic development, said that the country’s next fiscal year budget would be devoted entirely to alleviating the economic burden caused by the pandemic. Kuwait’s government-sponsored KUNA news reported June 2 that the country has granted permission for sotrovimab, a monoclonal antibody therapy medication, to be used to fight lower-level cases of the coronavirus. The UAE and Bahrain are the only other nations in the MENA region to green light the therapeutic antibody course of treatment. 為什麼這些伊朗選舉如此重要 - 專家 最高領袖阿亞圖拉阿里哈梅內伊現年 82 歲,這意味著阿亞圖拉有可能在下一任總統任期內去世。 作者:SETH J. FRANZMAN 2021 年 6 月 4 日 09:56 伊朗總統哈桑魯哈尼在德黑蘭總統選舉期間投票 (圖片來源:TIMA VIA REUTERS) 廣告 伊朗將在本月中旬面臨選舉,這可能是該國多年來最重要的選舉之一。伊朗庫爾德斯坦民主黨駐美國代表專家阿拉什·薩利赫 (Arash Saleh) 表示,“這幾輪選舉特別重要,因為無論誰成為總統,在他擔任總統期間,伊斯蘭共和國都可能經歷一個過渡過程。” 他的意思是,最高領袖阿亞圖拉阿里哈梅內伊現在已經 82 歲了,而且由於伊朗總統往往有兩個四年任期,阿亞圖拉有可能在那段時間去世。薩利赫說:“最近關於現任領導人阿里·哈梅內伊健康狀況的傳聞不斷。” 他指出,伊朗的權力中心圍繞著哈梅內伊的辦公室展開,“這是 Vali-e-Faqih 的辦公室,由哈梅內伊的兒子穆吉塔巴控制。” 他還指出了伊斯蘭革命衛隊(IRGC)的重要性,“它完全由 Vali-e-Faqih 控制和指揮。” 薩利赫指出,哈梅內伊的辦公室通過神職人員代表整個伊斯蘭革命衛隊。“這使得伊斯蘭革命衛隊成為一個與伊斯蘭國非常相似的意識形態軍事團體,不同之處在於它已經變異成一個更現代、更有效的版本,在伊朗的所有部門都有強大的存在。” 薩利赫是庫爾德人,他是一個庫爾德政黨的成員,該政黨多年來一直反對伊朗政權,也受到該政權的迫害。他指出伊斯蘭革命衛隊如何越來越多地控制伊朗的各個方面,從體育到文化,以及私營和公共部門。“伊斯蘭革命衛隊希望確保在哈梅內伊死後挑選合適的人選。他們希望這個人能夠真正反映 Vali-e-Faqih 理論。 “[哈梅內伊辦公室]和伊斯蘭革命衛隊正試圖擁有所有主要權力樞紐,為國家過渡做好準備……權力的核心是試圖使政治權力盡可能同質化,以確保平穩過渡期。” 這意味著總統的選擇也很重要。“該系統通過選舉工程的製度化來規劃其過渡的能力應該結束該政權的可改革性以及其部分內部發生任何變化的可能性的神話,”薩利赫說。 他的觀點是,伊朗以外存在一種錯覺,認為該政權特別複雜,是一個由“溫和派”和“強硬派”組成的體系。事實上,似乎已經發生的事情是伊斯蘭革命衛隊及其分子增加了他們對伊朗的權力和束縛。他們留下的改變可能性越來越小,批評的機會越來越少。這意味著伊朗的這次選舉可能會鞏固他們的控制並增加它。無論過去曾發生過什麼抗議活動,例如 2009 年或 2019 年的抗議活動,都表明人們普遍反對這一制度。然而,這些聲音被壓制、逮捕和迫害。 Why these Iranian elections are so important - expert Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is now 82 years old, meaning that it is possible the ayatollah could pass away during the next president's term. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN JUNE 4, 2021 09:56 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani casts his vote during the presidential election in Tehran (photo credit: TIMA VIA REUTERS) Iran is facing elections in the middle of this month and they could be some of the most important elections for the country in many years. According to expert Arash Saleh, the representative of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan to the USA, “these rounds of elections are specifically important because, whoever becomes president, during his presidency the Islamic Republic may go through a transitional process.” What he means is that the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is now 82 years old and because Iranian presidents tend to serve two four-year terms, it is possible the ayatollah could pass away during that time. “Recently strong rumors have been circulating pertaining the health of Ali Khamenei, the current leader,” says Saleh. He notes that Iran’s power centers revolve around Khamenei’s office, “which is the office of Vali-e-Faqih and is controlled by Khamenei`s son Mujtaba.” He also notes the importance of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), “which is solely controlled and commanded by Vali-e-Faqih.” Saleh points out that Khamenei’s office is represented throughout the IRGC via clerics. “This makes IRGC an ideological military group strongly akin to ISIS with the exception that it has mutated into a more modern and effective version that has a strong presence in all sectors of Iran.” Saleh, who is Kurdish, is part of a Kurdish political party that has opposed the regime in Iran for many years and also been persecuted by the regime. He notes how the IRGC has increasingly taken control of every aspect of Iran, from sport to culture, and the private and public sectors. “The IRGC wants to make sure that the right person is picked after Khamenei is dead. They wanted the person to be a real reflection of the Vali-e-Faqih theory. “The [office of Khamenei] and the IRGC are trying to have all main hinges of power to prepare the country for the transition…The hard core of power is trying to make the political power as homogenous as it can get in order to assure a smooth transitional period.” This means that the choice of the president is important as well. “The ability of the system to plan its transition by institutionalization of electoral engineering should put an end to the myth of reformability of the regime and of the possibility of any change from within its fractions,” says Saleh. His point is that there is an illusion outside of Iran that portrays the regime as particularly complex and a system of “moderates” and “hardliners.” In fact, what appears to have happened is that the IRGC and its elements have increased their power and stranglehold on Iran. They leave increasingly less possibilities for change and less of a window for critique. This means that this election in Iran may cement their control and increase it. Whatever protests existed in the past, such as 2009 or the protests in 2019, illustrate that there is widespread opposition to this system. However those voices have been suppressed, arrested and persecuted. 納坦雅胡保大位 籲右翼投反對票 王嘉源/綜合報導 2021年6月5日 週六 上午4:10·2 分鐘 (閱讀時間) 以色列8個在野黨達成組閣協議,尚需國會批准。現任總理納坦雅胡正在與時間賽跑,試圖把他所領導、以「聯合黨」為首的右翼陣營團結起來,透過加大施壓來瓦解新執政聯盟。納坦雅胡3日要求國會右翼議員,在針對新政府舉行信任投票時投下反對票。 3日上午,納坦雅胡召集右翼「哈雷迪集團」(猶太教極端正統派)領導人、聯合黨籍國會議長萊文、約旦河西岸猶太屯墾區倡導組織等相關人士,召開緊急會議。據媒體報導,這次會議目的是:在國會即將舉行信任投票前,想盡一切辦法阻礙新政府的成立。 以色列國會預定6月7日召開,屆時才會正式通知議長萊文新政府的成立。據報導,萊文將再用7天時間安排對新政府舉行信任投票的日期。因此,6月14日最有可能定為國會的信任投票日,這將給納坦雅胡及其支持者12天的時間來阻止班奈特、拉皮德等人組建新政府。 以國第二大黨「未來黨」黨魁拉皮德主導籌組新政府,他為了拉攏「右傾」黨魁班奈特加入,同意先由班奈特擔任總理2年,參加新政府的8個政黨則橫跨中左右派政治光譜,在國會中也僅掌握微弱多數席次。當中,「聯合阿拉伯黨」是首個加入政府的阿拉伯少數族群政黨。 納坦雅胡3日推文說:「所有靠右翼選票當選的國會議員,必須反對這個危險的左翼政府」。他並指責曾是盟友的班奈特對「聯合阿拉伯黨」的要求作出讓步,特別是涉及放寬旨在防止阿拉伯族群、在以國南部內蓋夫沙漠地區建設違法建築的政策。 電視:反內塔尼亞胡聯盟越來越有可能獲得以色列議會多數席位 MK Nir ​​Orbach 被認為是對 Bennett-Lapid 政府最大的潛在威脅,據多份報告稱,他私下表示他不會破壞它,但會提前 10 天 通過TOI人員今天,晚上 10:12 新興聯盟中的政黨領袖:這張創建於 2021 年 6 月 2 日的圖片組合顯示(上(左到右)Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid、Yamina 領導人 Naftali Bennett、新希望領導人 Gideon Sa'ar、Yisrael Beytenu 領導人 Avigdor Lieberman, (從左到右)梅雷茨黨領袖尼贊·霍洛維茨、藍白黨領袖本尼·甘茨、拉姆黨領袖曼蘇爾·阿巴斯和工黨領袖梅拉夫·米凱利。(法新社照片) 以色列兩家主要新聞台週五晚間報導,旨在推翻本雅明·內塔尼亞胡總理的八黨聯盟似乎越來越有可能在議會中獲得必要的多數支持。 由候任總理納夫塔利·貝內特 (Naftali Bennett) 和 Yesh Atid 領導人亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 領導的“變革集團”所有成員的評估是,該聯盟確實將宣誓就職,第 12 頻道表示,以 61-59 的微弱多數票通過. 第 12 頻道表示,MK 認為可能最有問題的是,亞米娜的 Nir ​​Orbach 週五告訴幾位試圖說服他投票反對聯盟的人:“不要把你的期望寄託在我身上。除非有一些戲劇性的變化,否則我打算通過積極支持(在以色列議會投票中)或辭去議會的職務來建立這個政府。” 如果奧爾巴赫辭職,將接替他的亞米納議員是雪莉平托,她一再表示她強烈支持計劃中的政府。 Yamina MK Nir ​​Orbach 於 2021 年 6 月 4 日在 Bennett 位於 Ra'anana 的家中與 Yamina 黨領袖 Naftali Bennett 和其他 Yamina MK 成員會面。 (Avshalom Sassoni/Flash90) 第 13 頻道還報導說,奧爾巴赫要么投票支持政府,要么辭去以色列議會的職務,為平托接替他的位置並支持它鋪平了道路。 第 13 頻道引用奧爾巴赫的話說,“我不會做 Chikli 所做的事情”,指的是反叛的 Yamina MK Avichai Chikli,他幾天前承諾投票反對政府,將其支持從 62 MK 減少到 61 MK。 另一位被內塔尼亞胡的利庫德集團視為潛在叛逃者的亞米娜 MK 週五早些時候宣布,她已做出最終決定,投票支持所謂的“更迭政府”。 兩個電視頻道都表示,有一些較溫和的擔憂,即新希望的 Ze'ev Elkin——一位前利庫德集團部長,於 12 月退出內塔尼亞胡的政黨並嚴厲批評了他的領導——可能不會投票支持聯盟。第 12 頻道表示,有些人認為他可能會在投票時“消失”。但同一頻道稱,新希望黨領袖吉迪恩·薩爾 (Gideon Sa'ar) 曾表示,他“知道如何確保”所有黨員都投贊成票。 然而,由於信任投票很可能只在 6 月 14 日舉行,而且由於聯盟正朝著 61-59 的多數席位邁進,因此一次叛逃可能會毀掉它,因此不能忽視情況發生變化的可能性,部分原因是因為各種聯盟協議尚未最終確定,特別是考慮到以色列快速變化的政治和安全現實可能在幾天、幾小時甚至幾分鐘內發生變化。 2021 年 5 月 10 日在耶路撒冷舉行的耶路撒冷日遊行期間,以色列人揮舞國旗。(美聯社照片/ Ariel Schalit) 例如,據報導,6 月 10 日將在耶路撒冷舉行有爭議的旗幟遊行,一些未經證實的希伯來媒體週五報導稱,主要是東正教民族主義的參與者已獲得警方許可,可以在老城的穆斯林區遊行。組織者表示,遊行已從 5 月 10 日耶路撒冷日起重新安排,當時它被改道,然後在活動中期停止,因為哈馬斯向該市發射了一連串火箭,開始了為期 11 天的小型戰爭。以色列和加沙的哈馬斯統治者。 拉皮德週三晚上向總統魯文里夫林宣布,他和他的盟友已經召集了多數派聯盟。但議會只會在 6 月 7 日星期一收到正式通知。根據法律,議會議長,利庫德集團的亞里夫萊文,然後有最多一周的時間來安排對新政府的信任投票,預計將使用該時間為了給內塔尼亞胡和他的盟友最大的時間來阻止它。 除了 1996 年至 1999 年的三年任期外,掌權超過 12 年的內塔尼亞胡正在敦促新興聯盟的右翼成員在投票之前退出。他的盟友利庫德集團部長Tzachi Hanegbi 週五表示,如果可能,利庫德集團將“戰鬥到底”以防止它發生。 Yamina 酋長 Naftali Bennett 和 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 於週三晚上出現,他們通知魯文·里夫林總統他們已成功組建政府,2021 年 6 月 2 日(提供) 預期的聯盟匯集了來自不同政治領域的八個政黨:右翼 Yamina、New Hope 和 Yisrael Beytenu,中間派 Yesh Atid 和 Blue and White,左翼工黨和 Meretz,以及保守的伊斯蘭黨 Ra'am . 貝內特將擔任總理至 2023 年 8 月,拉皮德將在接下來的兩年內接替他。 前所未有的多元化政黨聯盟在擁有 120 個席位的以色列議會中擁有 61 名成員,是盡可能少的多數,因此容易受到任何一次叛逃:Yesh Atid(17 個席位)、Blue and White(8 個)、Yisrael Beytenu(7 個)、 Labor (7)、Yamina(其 7 個 MK 中的 6 個)、New Hope(6)、Meretz(6)和 Ra'am(4)。 八個政黨的成員定於週日首次會面,以加強他們的聯盟。 第 13 頻道說,亞米納領導人貝內特和他的副手阿耶萊特·沙克德認識到,他們需要“每天,甚至每小時”“加強”奧爾巴赫,以確保他不會屈服於右翼批評者的壓力,要求他扼殺新生的聯盟。第 13 頻道說,奧爾巴赫並沒有在他家度過這個安息日,因為他試圖擺脫一直在他家和其他亞米納成員家外抗議的支持內塔尼亞胡的示威者。據報導,計劃下週一下午在奧爾巴赫家外舉行一次大型示威活動。 Yamina MK Ayelet Shaked 於 2021 年 6 月 4 日在 Bennett 位於 Ra'anana 的家中與 Yamina 黨領袖 Naftali Bennett 和其他 Yamina MK 成員會面。 (Avshalom Sassoni/Flash90) 據第 12 頻道報導,Shaked 本人在本週早些時候公開對加入聯盟猶豫不決,當她清楚內塔尼亞胡無法獲得多數席位時,她“改變了軟盤”,並一直在努力說服她的黨內同事支持新聯盟。第 13 頻道表示,隨著聯盟的最終確定,Shaked 在周三晚上發揮了至關重要的作用,說服奧爾巴赫不要公開反對它並註定了這一舉動。 與此同時,以色列歷史上第一個在建立政府方面發揮關鍵作用的阿拉伯政黨 Ra'am 的領導人曼蘇爾·阿巴斯敦促由 MK Ahmad Tibi 領導的兩人組成的 Ta'al 黨也加入聯盟,第 13 頻道說,儘管在以色列議會宣誓就職投票之前不會這樣做。 貝內特因幫助推翻內塔尼亞胡而受到福音派領袖的攻擊 “永遠不要稱自己為錫安的捍衛者。你不是,”福音派領袖邁克埃文斯在一封信中寫道,他說他寄給貝內特和拉皮德。 作者:瑪雅·賈夫·霍夫曼 2021 年 6 月 4 日 19:06 邁克·埃文斯,耶路撒冷錫安之友遺產中心的創始人。 (圖片來源:MARC ISRAEL SELLEM) 廣告 以色列即將進行的權力更迭已經分裂了福音派基督徒社區,其中一位最高領導人對亞米納黨領袖納夫塔利·貝內特進行了猛烈攻擊,而其他人則認為福音派的支持超出了總理的範圍。 以色列總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡 (Benjamin Netanyahu) 長達 12 年的以色列總理統治預計將在未來兩週內結束,此前,Yesh Atid 領導人亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 宣布,他和貝內特 (Bennett) 擁有足夠的席位,可以用包括阿拉伯伊斯蘭黨在內的政府取代內塔尼亞胡政府。黨拉姆。 福音派領袖邁克·埃文斯(Mike Evans)是耶路撒冷錫安遺產中心之友和耶路撒冷祈禱隊的創始人,他在一封信中猛烈抨擊貝內特不堅持內塔尼亞胡並幫助他組建聯盟自周四以來,該消息在社交媒體和親以色列網站上廣為流傳。 “永遠不要稱自己為錫安的捍衛者。你不是,”埃文斯在一封信中寫道,他說他寄給貝內特和拉皮德,並張貼在社交媒體和親以色列的網站上。 “你背叛了一代人為之獻血並為之而死的原則,”他繼續道。“你想和穆斯林兄弟會和左翼分子上床。上帝憐憫你的靈魂。你是一個可悲的小人,如此痴迷於謀殺內塔尼亞胡,以至於你願意為了你毫無價值的事業而損害以色列國。” 他說他將“在每一步都與[貝內特]戰鬥。你已經 100% 失去了福音派的支持……我們在唐納德特朗普的領導下給了你四年的奇蹟,這就是你在我們臉上表達你的感激之情。你怎麼敢!” 週二,埃文斯計劃在以色列議會舉辦一場活動,討論“發展和維護以色列國與福音派之間重要聯盟所需的行動”。該活動由 Dror Balikud 贊助,這是一群自稱“忠於以色列人民和以色列土地”的利庫德集團非專業人士。 “我的任務是讓比比回來,我相信我會成功,”埃文斯告訴耶路撒冷 郵報。 但幾位有影響力的美國福音派人士並不認同埃文斯的做法。 他們告訴郵報,埃文斯在美國的影響力並不像他喜歡的那樣。許多人表示,埃文斯並不代表他們的觀點。 美國 9000 萬至 1 億福音派教徒中的大多數尚未就新政府發表公開聲明,因為他們正在等待新政府正式宣誓就職。他們也選擇不公開發言。 但基督教領袖大會主席約翰尼·摩爾牧師在 2016 年幫助組織了特朗普競選活動的福音派顧問委員會,他告訴郵報,雖然福音派人士與內塔尼亞胡有著特殊的關係,但“他們將與內塔尼亞胡建立良好的關係。未來以色列存在的任何政府。” 他補充說,雖然基督教社區因總理的工作而得到鞏固,但它與猶太國家的關係現在已經超越了以色列或美國政治的具體細節。相反,他解釋說,“聖經將我們的眼睛指向”耶路撒冷的方向。 “美國福音派除了讚揚以色列民主的力量之外,干涉以色列的內部政治是不明智的,如果福音派無論如何都這樣做,那麼他們應該謹慎和尊重,”摩爾強調說。“儘管大多數福音派領袖與內塔尼亞胡之間的友誼將繼續下去,但他們與以色列的友誼超越了以色列政治及其政黨的陰謀詭計。無論誰是總理,福音派都將始終與以色列站在一起。 “我們期待與所有未來的以色列政府建立密切的關係。一旦這一切都解決了,我就會——例如——登上飛往以色列的飛機,”他繼續說道。“在那之前,我一直在觀察和祈禱。” Bennett under attack by Evangelical leader for helping oust Netanyahu “Don't ever call yourself a defender of Zion. You're not,” Evangelical leader Mike Evans wrote in a letter he said he sent to Bennett and Lapid. By MAAYAN JAFFE-HOFFMAN JUNE 4, 2021 19:06 Mike Evans, founder of the Friends of Zion Heritage Center in Jerusalem. (photo credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM) Advertisement Israel’s pending power change has split the Evangelical Christian community, with one of its top leaders issuing a bitter attack on Yamina party head Naftali Bennett, while others believe that Evangelical support goes beyond the prime minister. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s 12-year reign as Israel’s prime minister is expected to come to an end within the next two weeks, after Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid announced that he and Bennett had enough seats to replace Netanyahu’s government with one that includes the Arab Islamic party Ra’am. Evangelical leader Mike Evans, the founder of the Friends of Zion Heritage Center in Jerusalem and of the Jerusalem Prayer Team, lashed out at Bennett for not sticking with Netanyahu and helping him form a coalition in a letterthat he said he sent to Bennett and Lapid and that has been widely circulated on social media and pro-Israel websites since Thursday. “Don't ever call yourself a defender of Zion. You're not,” Evans wrote in a letter he said he sent to Bennett and Lapid and and that was posted on social media and pro-Israel wesites. “You betrayed the very principles that a generation gave their blood for and died for,” he continued. “You want to be in bed with the Muslim Brotherhood and leftists. God have mercy on your soul. You're a pathetic bitter little man so obsessed on murdering Netanyahu that you're willing to damage the State of Israel for your worthless cause.” He said that he will “fight [Bennett] every step of the way. You have lost the support of evangelicals 100 percent… We gave you four years of miracles under Donald Trump and this is how you show your appreciation shitting on our face. How dare you!” On Tuesday, Evans is planning to host an event in the Knesset to discuss the “actions required for the development and preservation of the important alliance between the State of Israel and the Evangelicals.” The event is being sponsored by Dror Balikud, a group of Likud lay people that describe themselves as “loyal to the people of Israel and the Land of Israel.” “I am on a mission to bring Bibi back and I believe I am going to succeed,” Evans told The Jerusalem Post. But several influential American evangelicals do not align with Evans’ approach. They told the Post that Evans is not as influential in the States as he likes to act. Many said that Evans does not represent their points of view. Most of America’s 90 million to 100 million evangelicals have not yet made public statements about the new government as they are waiting until it is officially sworn in. They also chose not to speak on the record on the subject. But Rev. Johnnie Moore, president of the Congress of Christian Leaders and who helped organize the Trump campaign’s evangelical advisory board in 2016, told the Post that while it is true that evangelicals have a special relationship with Netanyahu “they will have a good relationship with whatever government exists in Israel going forward.” He added that while the Christian community was fortified by the work of the prime minister, its relationship with the Jewish state now transcends the nuts and bolts of politics in Israel or the US. Rather, he explained, the “Bible points our eyes” in the direction of Jerusalem. “It is unwise for American evangelicals to meddle in internal, Israeli politics beyond praising the power of Israel’s democracy and if Evangelicals do it anyhow then they should be circumspect and respectful,” Moore stressed. “Even though most evangelical leaders have enjoyed a tremendous friendship with Netanyahu which will continue, their friendship with Israel transcends the machinations of Israel’s politics and its political parties. Evangelicals will stand with Israel whoever is the prime minister, always. “We look forward to a close relationship with all future Israeli governments. As soon as this all settles, I’ll — for instance — be on a plane to Israel,” he continued. “Until then, I am watching and praying.” 以色列議會議長萊文將於週一宣布拉皮德-貝內特聯盟 以色列議會發言人亞里夫·萊文 (Yariv Levin) 呼籲 Yesh Atid 領導人亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 在亞米娜 (Yamina) 週五上午舉行派系會議時透露聯盟協議。 通過GIL HOFFMAN 2021 年 6 月 4 日 20:05 以色列議會議長亞里夫·萊文 (Yariv Levin) 在中央選舉委員會會議上講話,2020 年 7 月 7 日 (圖片來源:ADINA WALLMAN/KNESSET 發言人) 廣告 以色列議會議長亞里夫·萊文週五下午證實,他將宣布 Yesh Atid 領導人亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 已於週一成功組建聯盟,這是以色列議會批准新政府之前所需的技術步驟。 萊文的聲明是在有人擔心他試圖推遲這一步驟之後發布的。 週五早些時候,萊文告訴 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 提交他與將加入他的聯盟的政黨簽署的所有協議。 協議於週三達成,但尚未最終敲定。 “不可能對議會和公眾隱瞞聯合協議,”萊文說。 Yesh Atid 和 Yamina 發表聯合聲明,稱聯盟協議將透明提交。他們呼籲萊文召集以色列議會全體會議,並“促成一個有效的團結政府的形成,使我們擺脫混亂。” Yamina 領導人 Naftali Bennett 週五在他位於 Ra'anana 的家中召集了他的 派系。會議結束後,MK Abir Kara 告訴外面的記者,在 MK Amichai Chikli 於 5 月初從該黨叛逃之後,不會再有來自 Yamina 的叛逃者。 繼續觀看Benny Gantz meets with US security officials on regional threats, aid廣告後 預計 Yamina MK Nir ​​Orbach 將決定他是否支持即將到來的聯盟在會議期間取代萊文擔任以色列議會發言人的呼籲。 組成這個嶄露頭角的聯盟的 61 名 MK於週四向議會秘書亞德納穆勒 - 霍洛維茨提交了正式請求,以開始取代萊文的程序,但在提交後不久,奧爾巴赫在信中籤名穆勒-霍洛維茨在他不知情的情況下被加入,並要求撤回。如果沒有奧爾巴赫,聯盟將沒有擊敗萊文所需的 61 輛 MK。 但是班內特在下午晚些時候遇到了奧爾巴赫和他的妻子,他退縮了。Orbach 將在周五的 Yamina 派別會議上決定是投票支持新政府,還是辭職並讓 Yamina 名單上的下一位候選人、聾人活動家雪莉·平托(Shirley Pinto)進入議會。 “我將盡我所能確保它取得成功,”奧爾巴赫在與貝內特會面後在推特上寫到新政府。 在利庫德集團官員表示萊文只允許在法律允許的最後一個可能日期對新政府進行信任投票之後,MK 採取了提交請求的步驟,以促進盡快組建政府。增加對 Yamina MKs 投票反對政府的壓力。 取代萊文擔任議長的聯盟候選人是 Yesh Atid 的 Mickey Levy。 週五下午,聯合名單領導人艾曼奧德指出,如果貝內特 - 拉皮德聯盟由於潛在的最後一分鐘叛逃者(可能是奧爾巴赫)而需要更多選票,他的政黨將不會支持貝內特-拉皮德聯盟。 奧德在接受阿拉伯新聞頻道 Hala TV 採訪時說:“如果 Bennett-Lapid 政府在最後一刻需要我的投票來拯救自己免於失敗,那麼他們肯定不會得到我的投票。” 週五晚些時候,也在考慮投票反對更迭政府的 Yamina MK Idit Silman 表示,她將投票支持她的政黨。 “我將投票支持聯合政府,這是最終決定,”她告訴 Ynet。 Knesset Speaker Levin to announce Lapid-Bennett coalition on Monday Knesset speaker Yariv Levin called on Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid to reveal the coalition agreements as Yamina held a faction meeting on Friday morning. By GIL HOFFMAN JUNE 4, 2021 20:05 Knesset Speaker Yariv Levin speaks at a meeting of the Central Elections Committee, July 7, 2020 (photo credit: ADINA WALLMAN/KNESSET SPOKESWOMAN) Advertisement Knesset Speaker Yariv Levin confirmed on Friday afternoon that he would announce that Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid has managed to form a coalition on Monday, a technical step required before the Knesset can approve the new government. Levin's announcement came after concerns were raised of him attempting to delay the step. Earlier Friday, Levin told Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid to submit all the agreements he has signed with parties that will be joining his coalition. The agreements were reached by Wednesday, but have not been finalized. "It cannot be that coalition agreements will be hidden from the Knesset and the public," Levin said. Yesh Atid and Yamina issued a joint statement saying that the coalition agreements would be submitted transparently. They called on Levin to convene the Knesset plenum and "enable the formation of a functioning unity government that will extract us from the chaos." Yamina leader Naftali Bennett convened his faction at his home in Ra'anana on Friday. Following the meeting, MK Abir Kara told reporters outside that there would be no more defectors from Yamina, following MK Amichai Chikli's defection from the party in early May. Yamina MK Nir Orbach was expected to decide whether or not he backs the incoming coalition's call to replace Levin as Knesset speaker during the meeting. The 61 MKs making up the up-and-coming coalition submitted a formal request to Secretary of the Knesset Yardena Muller-Horowitz on Thursday to begin the process of replacing Levin, but soon after it was submitted, Orbach said his signature on the letter to Muller-Horowitz was added without his knowledge, and asked that it be withdrawn. Without Orbach, the coalition would not have the 61 MKs needed to unseat Levin. But Bennett met Orbach and his wife later in the afternoon, and he backed off. Orbach will decide by Friday’s Yamina faction meeting whether to vote in favor of the new government, or resign and enable deaf activist Shirley Pinto, the next candidate on the Yamina list, to enter the Knesset. “I will do all I can to ensure it will succeed,” Orbach wrote on Twitter about the new government after his meeting with Bennett. The MKs took the step of submitting the request in order to facilitate the formation of a government as soon as possible, after Likud officials said Levin would only allow a vote of confidence in the new government at the last possible date permitted by law in order to increase pressure on Yamina MKs to vote against the government. The coalition candidate to replace Levin as speaker is Mickey Levy of Yesh Atid. On Friday afternoon, Joint List leader Ayman Odeh noted that his party would not support the Bennett-Lapid coalition if they need more votes due to potential last minute defectors, possibly Orbach. "If the Bennett-Lapid government need my vote to save themselves from failure at the last minute, they will not get my vote, unequivocally," Odeh said in an interview with Arabic news channel Hala TV. Later on Friday, Yamina MK Idit Silman, who was also considering voting against the change government, said she would vote in agreement with her party. "I will be voting in favor of a unity government, it's final," she told Ynet.

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