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*第三季*【EP. 59】#334 經濟學人新聞評論【新冠疫苗、牛津-阿斯利康、歐盟的疫苗接種計畫、美國經濟、失業救濟、台灣的防疫出色、台灣的經濟成長 (在2020年) 超越中國、半導體出口、台商回流、美中關係、人口老化、中共文攻武嚇】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-01-31
23:15
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🔴Friday January 29th 2021 🔵2021年1月29日星期五 1️⃣The Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine: HALT! 牛津 - 阿斯利康的新冠疫苗:停! An independent commission in Germany recommended that the Oxford-AstraZeneca covid-19 vaccine not be given to people aged over 65. The panel, which advises the government, said there were “insufficient data” about the vaccine’s efficacy in that age group. AstraZeneca disputes the recommendation. The row is likely to complicate the European Union’s vaccine roll-out, which is already behind schedule. 德國一個獨立委員會建議不要向 65歲以上的人接種牛津 - 阿斯利康 (Oxford-AstraZeneca) 的新冠疫苗。該委員會指稱此款 (牛津 - 阿斯利康) 疫苗在 65歲以上之年齡層的功效“數據不足 (樣本數不足以致於無法衡量疫苗的效益)”。阿斯利康則對該說法提出異議,且此舉可能會複雜化歐盟的疫苗接種工作,而該工作目前已落後於原先之進度。 2️⃣America’s economy 美國經濟 America’s economy grew by 1%, quarter-on-quarter, in the last three months of 2020—a sharp slowdown from the 7.5% jump in the third quarter, when lockdown easing boosted activity. GDP shrank by 3.5% over the year, the Department of Commerce estimated. Last week 847,000 workers filed new unemployment claims—67,000 fewer than the week before, but still far more than before the pandemic. 在 2020年的最後三個月 (第四季),美國的經濟同比成長了 1%,而 (去年) 第三季度的增幅為 7.5%,因當時的 (防疫) 政策鬆綁而刺激了經濟活動。美國商務部估計,其國內在去年的國內生產總值 (GDP) 萎縮了 3.5%。在上週,有 847,000名勞工提出了新的失業救濟申請 - 比前一週減少了 67,000人,但仍比疫情大流行前要來得多。 3️⃣A plucky island: Taiwan’s growth 島嶼天光:台灣的成長 For the first time in three decades, Taiwan’s economy probably grew faster than China’s in 2020, according to data due to be published today. The outperformance will be slim: the forecast is 2.6% for Taiwan versus 2.3% for its giant neighbour. But it will highlight its government’s masterful handling of covid-19. Well before others sounded the alarm, Taiwan started screening visitors from Wuhan at the end of 2019. Thanks to fine-grained contact-tracing, life has carried on more or less as normal. That has allowed manufacturers to run at full throttle to meet global demand for their high-tech products, notably semiconductors. Taiwan has also benefited from Sino-American tensions, with many Taiwanese firms bringing some of their China operations back home. Taiwan still faces big challenges, from an ageing population to the risk of Chinese aggression. But it has gained greater confidence in its abilities over the course of the pandemic. 根據今天將公佈的數據顯示,台灣在 2020年的經濟成長可望在近三十年以來首度超越中國。雙方如此傑出的表現不相上下:台灣的預測成長率是 2.6%,而其強大的鄰國則為 2.3%。但是它將凸顯了 (台灣) 政府在處理新冠疫情上的嫻熟手段。在其他國家仍未意識到危機時,台灣已經在 2019年末針對來自中國武漢的旅客進行了入境篩檢。幸虧有縝密的疫調/接觸追蹤,台灣人過著幾乎與疫情前差不多的日常生活。如此以來,廠商們便能加緊腳步供應高科技產品 (尤其是半導體) 以滿足全世界的需求。再者,台灣亦從中美間的緊張關係中獲益,進而使許多台灣企業遷回原本設在中國的業務。從人口老化到中共的武嚇,台灣仍面臨著許多重大挑戰,但在新冠疫情這段期間裡,台灣對其所擁有的能力則增添了更大的信心。

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