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*第三季*【EP. 87】#380 經濟學人新聞評論【美國槍械暴力問題、槍枝管制、美國憲法第二修正案、在美國上市的中企、瑞幸咖啡、股市下架停牌、美中關係、後疫情時代的經濟、亞洲出口走強、貨幣干預、匯率操縱】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-03-30
26:45
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🔴Wednesday March 24th 2021 🔵2021年3月24日星期三 1️⃣Gun-control laws in America: over and over again… 美國的槍枝管制法律:一遍又一遍… President Joe Biden called for stricter gun-control laws in America, after two recent mass shootings in Boulder, Colorado and Atlanta, Georgia. Mr Biden urged the Senate to re-enact a ban on assault weapons and pass two bills that would close loopholes in background checks for gun purchases. Democrats push for such proposals after each massacre, only to be blocked by Republicans. 有鑒於近日於 (美國) 科羅拉多州 (Colorado) 的博爾德市 (Boulder) 以及喬治亞州 (Georgia) 的亞特蘭大市 (Atlanta) 所發生之兩起大規模槍擊事件,美國總統拜登呼籲制定更嚴格的法律來管制槍枝。拜登敦促參議院再次頒布一項對突擊性武器 (如全自動步槍) 的禁令,並通過兩項法案來彌補購買槍枝之背景調查的漏洞。民主黨人在每次大屠殺 (事件) 後都會推動這樣的立法提案,(可惜) 卻會被共和黨人所阻撓。 2️⃣American-listed Chinese company: bumpy roads ahead 在美國上市的中企:前方道路坎坷 Bilibili, a video-streaming platform, raised $2.6bn from a stockmarket listing in Hong Kong. It is the third American-listed Chinese company to sell shares on the territory’s exchange this year, as Sino-American tensions encourage companies to float closer to home. American lawmakers have previously threatened to delist Chinese companies, and relations between the Biden administration and the Chinese government have made a rocky start. 影音串流平台 Bilibili 在香港的股市上市募得 26億美元。這是今年第三家在香港上市之於美國註冊的中國公司,源因中美關係的緊張促使了 (中資) 企業紛紛向本國 (如中國香港) 發行股票。美國國會議員曾威脅要將中國公司 (於美國股市) 下市除名,而拜登政府與中國政府之間的關係之路則開展得巔簸崎嶇。 3️⃣Trade winds: currency intervention in Asia 一股貿易的風吹來:亞洲進行貨幣干預 Factory Asia is humming. Asian exports, especially of electronics, have been one of the few bright spots in the pandemic-plagued global economy. Orders for Taiwan’s exports soared by 49% year-on-year in the first two months of 2021, while South Korea’s exports for the first 20 days of March were up by 12.5% year-on-year, according to data published this week. That bodes well for the countries’ growth but creates a headache for their governments. Giant trade surpluses would normally lead to stronger currencies. But Asian central banks have intervened to curb appreciation, reflected by a record jump in their foreign-exchange reserves last year. America’s Treasury has already declared Vietnam a currency manipulator and warned eight others in Asia, including Taiwan, raising the possibility that it could try to limit purchases from them. With their exports remaining so strong, calls for Asian countries to let their currencies rise will only get louder. 亞洲工廠正忙得不可開交。亞洲地區的出口貨品,尤其是電子產品,一直是受疫情困擾之全球經濟中少數的亮點之一。根據本週公佈的數據,在 2021年的頭兩個月,台灣的出口訂單比去年同期增長了 49%,而南韓在 (今年) 三月份中上旬的出口額亦比去年同期增長了 12.5%。(強勁的貿易表現) 對這些國家的經濟成長來說是個好兆頭,但卻也另他們的政府相當頭痛。巨額的貿易順差通常會使得貨幣走強,但亞洲地區的中央銀行紛紛採取措施以干預貨幣升值,而這就反映在去年其破記錄的外匯存底之成長上。美國財政部已經宣佈越南為貨幣操縱國,並向包含台灣在內的八個亞洲國家警告 (美國) 試圖限制從這些國家購買商品的可能性將提高。由於出口保持著如此強勁的態勢,要求亞洲國家放任其本國貨幣升值的呼聲只會越來越高。

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