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*第四季*【EP. 147】#480 看經濟學人學英文 feat. 經濟學人新聞評論【金磚四國、貨幣政策、中央銀行 (央行)、通貨膨脹 feat. 確診病例、每日單字精選】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-06-20
21:38
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💪您的一杯咖啡錢 = 我們遠大的目標!捐款支持我們:https://pse.is/3jknpx 🔴Monday June 14th 2021 🔵2021年6月14日星期一 🔱Espresso - Today’s agenda 每日濃縮 - 今日頭條 📉🇧🇷🇷🇺🇮🇳🇨🇳📈Between inflation and infection: monetary policy in the BRICs 在通貨膨脹與確診病例之間:金磚四國的貨幣政策 The world’s uneven economic recovery from the pandemic is tricky for emerging-market central banks. Brazil, Russia and China have all felt compelled to tighten monetary policy this year, even though the pandemic remains a threat. Elvira Nabiullina, governor of Russia’s central bank, thinks higher inflation in Russia and elsewhere will be more persistent than first imagined. But India, the vowel in the “BRICs” acronym, has made a different choice. Figures released today will probably show that inflation remains above the Reserve Bank of India’s 4% target, thanks partly to rising fuel costs. But the central bank this month kept interest rates at historic lows, and announced more government-bond purchases and special funding for banks lending to “contact-intensive” businesses, such as hotels and beauty parlours. “In these days of trials and travails, it is vital to remain focused on vanquishing the virus,” said Shaktikanta Das, the RBI’s governor. Between inflation and infections, it is clear which the RBI fears most. 對開發中國家的央行來說,各國疫情後之經濟復甦的不均是道難題。儘管疫情的威脅依然存在,巴西、俄羅斯、中國卻都已被迫收緊今年的貨幣政策。俄國央行行長 Elvira Nabiullina 認為俄國與其他地方的高通膨情況會比預估中的還要持久。但印度這個身為金磚四國 (即前述三者再加上印度) 英文縮寫 BRICs 中的母音國家卻做出了不同的選擇。今天公佈的數據很可能顯示,由於燃料成本的上升,印度國內的通膨率將繼續維持在印度儲備銀行 (Reserve Bank of India,即印度央行) 訂定的 4%以上,而印度央行在本月更繼續把銀行利率壓在歷史新低,並宣佈將收購更多的政府債券以及對銀行釋出特別資金,好讓它們能借款給旅宿、美容業者等「(與顧客有) 密切接觸」的行業。印度央行行長 Shaktikanta Das 指出:在這幾天的試行與陣痛下,繼續設法擊退新冠病毒仍是首中之要。在通膨與染疫兩者間,我們可以很清楚地了解到印度央行比較擔心何者。 ⚜️Daily takeaway⚜️ 每日單字精選 ✅Uneven (adj.): 不均勻的 (形) ✅Economic recovery (n.): 經濟復甦 (名) ✅Emerging-market (n.): 新興市場 (名) ✅Compel (v.): 迫使、強迫 (動) ✅Monetary policy (n.): 貨幣政策 (名) ✅Inflation (n.): 通貨膨脹 (名) ✅Partly (adv.): 部分地、局部地 (副) ✅Government-bond (n.): 政府債券 (名) ✅Beauty parlour (n.): 美容院 (名) ✅Vanquish (v.): 征服、擊敗、擊退 (動) — ✔︎ 按讚【每日一經濟學人】Facebook 粉專:https://reurl.cc/Lddode ✔︎ 追蹤【每日一經濟學人】Instagram 帳號:https://reurl.cc/Oqqoq3 ✔︎ 訂閱【每日一經濟學人】YouTube 頻道:https://reurl.cc/Y665dX ✔︎ 閱讀【每日一經濟學人】Medium 平台:https://reurl.cc/k00WZr — 🔶如有商業合作或業務需求,請洽:leontheeconomist@gmail.com 🔴如影音內容有誤,歡迎來信勘誤:leontheeconomist@gmail.com

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