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2021.05.09 國際新聞導讀-美國似乎願意對伊朗解除制裁先行讓步、美軍軍艦在葉門阿曼海域扣押運輸伊朗軍火船、耶路撒冷大型暴動與以色列拆遷屯墾區巴勒斯坦人房舍結合

外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
2021-05-08
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2021.05.09 國際新聞導讀-美國似乎願意對伊朗解除制裁先行讓步、美軍軍艦在葉門阿曼海域扣押運輸伊朗軍火船、耶路撒冷大型暴動與以色列拆遷屯墾區巴勒斯坦人房舍結合 美國沒收也門阿曼海岸的大量武器運輸-分析 就在也門緊張局勢和伊朗支持胡塞叛軍的企圖之際。但是,它可能與非洲之角,也門或其他地方的其他激進組織有聯繫。 由SETH J.FRANTZMAN 2021年5月9日01:14 2021年3月19日,美國海軍制導導彈巡洋艦蒙特雷號(CG-61)在前往黑海的博斯普魯斯海峽航行,航行於伊斯坦布爾,2021年3月19日。 (照片來源:MURAD SEZER / REUTERS) 廣告 一架SH-60型“海鷹”直升機從蒙特雷號上飛來,有助於防止大量非法武器通過北阿拉伯海的國際水域轉運。 美國海軍通過照片對美國第五艦隊的一艘可疑單桅帆船進行突襲。它發生在5月6日至7日之間。發生在也門的緊張局勢和伊朗支持胡塞叛軍的企圖之間。但是,它可能與非洲之角,也門或其他地方的其他激進組織有聯繫。 美國說,它進行海上安全行動,要求定期巡邏。美國在5月8日發布的照片​​顯示“ 5月6日至7日,成千上萬枚非法武器被蒙特雷無人駕駛單桅三角帆船(USS Monterey,CG 61)攔截,這是一艘無狀態單桅三角帆船。由美國第五艦隊進行的海上安全行動需要例行巡邏,以確定海上的生活模式並加強海員與海員之間的關係。這些行動使盟友和合作夥伴放心,並保持航行自由和貿易自由。” 美國第五艦隊發推文說,武器庫“包括先進的俄羅斯製造的反坦克制導導彈和中國的56型突擊步槍。” US confiscates massive arms shipment off coast of Oman, Yemen - analysis It comes amid tensions in Yemen and Iran’s attempt to support the Houthi rebels. However, it may be linked to other militant groups in the Horn of Africa or Yemen or elsewhere. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN MAY 9, 2021 01:14 US Navy guided-missile cruiser USS Monterey (CG-61) sails in the Bosphorus, on its way to the Black Sea, in Istanbul, Turkey, March 19, 2021. (photo credit: MURAD SEZER/REUTERS) Advertisement An SH-60 Seahawk helicopter flying from the USS Monterey helped prevent a massive shipment of illicit weapons that were being transited through international waters in the North Arabian Sea. The raid on a suspicious dhow by the US Fifth Fleet was made public by the US Navy through photos. It took place between May 6 and 7. It comes amid tensions in Yemen and Iran’s attempt to support the Houthi rebels. However, it may be linked to other militant groups in the Horn of Africa or Yemen or elsewhere. The US says that it conducts maritime security operations that entail routine patrols. The US posted photos on May 8 showing “thousands of illicit weapons interdicted by guided-missile cruiser USS Monterey (CG 61) from a stateless dhow in international waters of the North Arabian Sea on May 6-7. Maritime security operations, as conducted by the US Fifth Fleet, entail routine patrols to determine pattern of life in the maritime as well as to enhance mariner-to-mariner relations. These operations reassure allies and partners and preserve freedom of navigation and free flow of commerce.” The US Fifth Fleet tweeted that the cache of weapons “included advanced Russian-made anti-tank guided missiles & Chinese Type 56 assault rifles.” 伊朗的紮里夫(Zarif)表示美國將重啟核協議 伊朗高級談判代表週五說,美國已表示願意在維也納核談判中取消對伊朗的許多製裁,但德黑蘭要求更多。 由路透社 2021年5月8日20:42 伊朗總統哈桑·魯哈尼(右)和外交部長Javad Zarif。谁愿意為真正阻止伊朗付出道德行動的代價? (照片來源:DANISH SIDDIQUI /路透社) 廣告 伊朗外交大臣週六表示,美國總統有義務幫助復興德黑蘭與華盛頓已放棄的世界大國的2015年核協議,此前總統拜登表示,尚不清楚德黑蘭對協議的談判有多認真。 伊朗高級談判代表週五說,美國已表示願意在維也納核談判中取消對伊朗的許多製裁,但德黑蘭要求更多。 拜登說,他相信伊朗正在認真地參與談判,但不清楚德黑蘭準備為恢復對該協議的遵守作何實際準備。當被問及他是否認為德黑蘭認真對待會談時,拜登回答:“是的,但是認真程度如何以及他們準備做什麼是另一回事。” 美國官員正在維也納與伊朗就如何恢復遵守該協議進行間接談判,前總統唐納德·特朗普於2018年放棄了該協議。 伊朗外交部長穆罕默德·賈瓦德·扎里夫(Mohammad Javad Zarif)在推特上說:“當我們試圖復興維也納的JCPOA(核協議)時,有必要記住這一切是如何開始的。3年前的今天,一個臭名昭著的狒狒違反了美國的義務……” 扎里夫說:“今天,@ POTUS(拜登)必須決定美國是否繼續違法還是遵守法律。責任在美國,而不是伊朗。” 特朗普從協議中撤出促使伊朗在一年後開始違反該協議的條款,該協議旨在遏制德黑蘭的核野心,以換取取消制裁。德黑蘭否認尋求核武器。 Iran's Zarif says on US to revive nuclear deal The United States has expressed its readiness to lift many of its sanctions on Iran at the Vienna nuclear talks but Tehran is demanding more, Iran's senior negotiator said on Friday. By REUTERS MAY 8, 2021 20:42 IRANIAN PRESIDENT Hassan Rouhani (right) and Foreign Minister Javad Zarif. Who wanted to pay the price of moral action to truly stop Iran? (photo credit: DANISH SIDDIQUI/ REUTERS) Advertisement Iran's foreign minister said on Saturday that the United States had an obligation to help revive Tehran's 2015 nuclear deal with world powers which Washington had abandoned, after President Joe Biden said it was unclear how serious Tehran was about talks on the accord. The United States has expressed its readiness to lift many of its sanctions on Iran at the Vienna nuclear talks but Tehran is demanding more, Iran's senior negotiator said on Friday. Biden said he believed Iran was seriously engaging in the talks but it was unclear what Tehran was actually prepared to do to resume compliance with the deal. Asked if he thought Tehran was serious about talks, Biden replied: "Yes, but how serious, and what they are prepared to do is a different story." US officials are holding indirect talks with Iran in Vienna on how to resume compliance with the deal, which former President Donald Trump abandoned in 2018. "As we try to revive JCPOA (nuclear agreement) in Vienna, it's necessary to remember how it all started. 3 years ago today, a disgraced buffoon violated US obligations…," Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said on Twitter. "Today, @POTUS (Biden) has to decide whether US continues lawlessness or adheres to law. Onus is on US, not Iran," Zarif said. Trump's withdrawal from the accord prompted Iran a year later to begin violating the terms of the agreement that aimed to rein in Tehran's nuclear ambitions in return for the lifting of sanctions. Tehran denies seeking nuclear weapons. 美國是否要比伊朗更早達成核協議?- 分析 伊朗的阿亞圖拉·哈梅內伊(Ayatollah Khamenei)是否希望在同意新的核協議之前看到6月總統選舉的結果? 由Yonah的傑里米BOB 2021年5月8日19:28 伊朗最高領導人阿亞圖拉·阿里·哈梅內伊(Ayatollah Ali Khamenei)於2021年3月11日在伊朗德黑蘭發表電視講話。 (照片來源:官方KHAMENEI網站/通過路透社進行的淘汰) 廣告 這些跡像是顯而易見的,但只是變得更加明顯。 在5月21日和6月18日的最後期限之前,可能會有一項臨時的伊朗與伊朗的交易,以恢復回到核協議。但是,如果沒有達成協議,那是因為伊斯蘭共和國希望比美國更慢。 5月21日是德黑蘭與國際原子能機構(IAEA)之間為期三個月的臨時協議到期的時候。儘管阿亞圖拉人激怒了拜登政府尚未取消制裁,但它為國際檢查員提供了他們所需的大部分進入伊朗核設施的通道。 6月18日是伊朗定於舉行選舉的日子,許多人預測,“強硬派”將從“實用主義者”手中奪取總統職位。 儘管出於以色列的目的,兩個伊朗陣營之間可能並沒有太大的區別,但實用主義者(主要是出於美國和歐盟的目的)至少願意進行談判並達成協議。 在最近幾個月的四輪美國-伊朗世界大國談判之後,傳統的看法是,各方都在這些截止日期之前為達成協議而努力。 這可以幫助現任執政的實用主義者保持對總統職位的控制權,這是美國和歐盟絕對希望的。 但是伊朗最高領導人阿亞圖拉·阿里·哈梅內伊可能還有其他計劃。 在最近一輪會談之後,俄羅斯和中國發出了非常積極的信息,美國表現出了不冷不熱的積極態度,伊朗總統哈桑·魯哈尼(Hassan Rouhani)表示,已經商定了多達70%的問題,而且緩和的新紀元可能正好在地平線上。 但是魯哈尼不是德黑蘭的真正決定者:哈梅內伊是。 在與記者的通報中,美國與伊朗的最高談判代表反复表示,所有問題都已充實,現在唯一真正的問題是伊朗是否真的希望在未來幾週內達成協議。 但是,如果Khamenei沒有,該怎麼辦? 如果他在大選後更喜歡達成協議,以便他所偏愛的強硬派可以贏得勝利,該怎麼辦? 也許他想搶奪實用主義者進入6月18日大選的重大勝利點。 當然,距5月21日還有2週的時間-由於那是人為的截止日期,因此距6月18日的截止日期還有5週。 在那之前可能仍然有協議,而這幾周可能會看到伊斯蘭共和國一直在打雞,直到最後一刻,以確保它可以將大部分資金擠出美國。當然,這就是2015年伊朗核協議(JCPOA)談判的模式。 但是,也許哈梅內伊直到選舉結束後才不想達成任何協議。 也許所有這一切只是為了使拜登的團隊感到高興,以便在最高領導人的強硬派贏得總統職位後,他將知道如何以及何時達成協議。 也有可能沒有達成協議,哈梅內伊正在談判以改變敘事,削弱西方對伊朗違規行為的抵抗,並利用缺乏協議將更多事情歸咎於魯哈尼及其實用主義者。 無論如何,華盛頓已經明確表示準備在5月21日達成交易。現在唯一的問題是Khamenei想要什麼。 Does the US want a nuclear deal sooner than Iran? - analysis Does Iran's Ayatollah Khamenei want to see the outcome of June's presidential election before agreeing to a new nuclear deal? By YONAH JEREMY BOB MAY 8, 2021 19:28 Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei delivers a televised speech in Tehran, Iran March 11, 2021. (photo credit: OFFICIAL KHAMENEI WEBSITE/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS) The signs were unmistakable, but they have only become more pronounced. There may be an interim US-Iran deal to move toward returning to the nuclear deal before the May 21 and June 18 deadlines – but if there is not, it will be because the Islamic Republic wants to move slower than America. May 21 is when the temporary three-month deal between Tehran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) lapses. It gave international inspectors most of the access they needed to Iranian nuclear sites despite the ayatollahs’ anger that the Biden administration had not yet removed sanctions. June 18 is when Iran is due to hold elections, where many predict the “hardliners” will wrest the presidency from the “pragmatists.” While for Israeli purposes there may not be a huge difference between the two Iranian camps, the pragmatists – substantively for US and EU purposes – are, at least, willing to talk and make deals. The conventional wisdom after four rounds of US-Iran-world powers negotiations over recent months is that all sides were pushing hard for a deal before these deadlines. This could help the pragmatists, currently in power, to maintain their hold on the presidency – something the US and the EU definitely prefer. But Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei may have other plans. After a recent round of talks, Russia and China sent out very positive messages, the US was lukewarm-positive, and Iran President Hassan Rouhani said that up to 70% of the issues were already agreed upon and that a new era of détente might just be over the horizon. But Rouhani is not the real decider in Tehran: Khamenei is. In a briefing to reporters, a top US negotiator with Iran repeatedly said that all the issues have been fleshed out and that the only real question now is whether Iran actually wants a deal in the coming weeks. But what if Khamenei doesn’t? What if he prefers a deal after the election so that the hardliners whom he prefers can claim victory? Perhaps he wants to rob the pragmatists of a big victory point going into the June 18 election. Of course, there are still two weeks before May 21 – and since that was an artificial deadline, there are still five weeks to the June 18 deadline. There still may be a deal before then, and these weeks may see the Islamic Republic playing chicken until the last moment to make sure it can squeeze the most out of the US. That certainly was the pattern for the 2015 Iran nuclear deal (JCPOA) negotiations. But perhaps Khamenei never wanted to cut a deal until after elections at all. Maybe all of this was just to feel out Biden’s team so that after the Supreme Leader’s favored hardliners win the presidency, he will know how and when to cut the deal. It is also possible that there may be no deal and that Khamenei was negotiating to change the narrative, weaken Western resistance to Iran’s violations and use the lack of a deal to blame more things on Rouhani and his pragmatists. In any case, Washington has made it clear it is ready for a deal by May 21. The only question now, is what Khamenei wants. 伊朗,哈馬斯,真主黨聯手煽動對以色列的恐怖-分析 耶路撒冷的緊張局勢可以追溯到4月下旬齋月開始,以色列警察限制進入大馬士革門。 由SETH J.FRANTZMAN 2021年5月8日20:05 2021年5月7日,以色列防暴警察在耶路撒冷舊城的阿克薩清真寺大院與巴勒斯坦信徒發生衝突。 (照片來源:JAMAL AWAD / FLASH90) 伊朗以耶路撒冷緊張局勢為藉口,帶領該地區其他極端主義團體對以色列發動恐怖襲擊。 在這裡了解時間表很重要。耶路撒冷的緊張局勢可以追溯到4月下旬齋月開始之時,以色列警察限制了進入大馬士革門的訪問,一系列的TikTok視頻顯示阿拉伯人襲擊了宗教猶太人。耶路撒冷的謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)也出現了緊張局勢,抗議活動於5月初升級。 4月22日,一個極右翼的猶太人團體在大馬士革門與穆斯林發生衝突後,數十人在耶路撒冷受傷。哈馬斯在加沙表示,耶路撒冷和阿克薩清真寺正在受到威脅,並警告說“地獄之門”可能會打開,這是與以色列戰爭的提法。 快進到星期五,在聖殿山發生衝突之前。在為“聖城日”做準備時,伊朗及其在該地區的盟友強調了這一天,以此作為集中註意力於耶路撒冷和增加對以色列的煽動的方式,並發表了一系列聲明。 伊朗的阿亞圖拉·阿里·哈梅內伊(Ayatollah Ali Khamenei)寫道:“巴勒斯坦人的努力和抵抗烈士的純血統統使巴勒斯坦聖戰組織的內部力量倍增了數百倍。曾經,巴勒斯坦青年通過扔石頭來捍衛自己,但是今天,他們用精密導彈對敵人的襲擊做出反應。” 恰逢哈馬斯警告以色列將“破壞阿克薩”。伊朗領導人還說:“在巴勒斯坦問題上,所有穆斯林國家和民族都有責任,但巴勒斯坦人自己是聖戰的軸心。” 從加沙到德黑蘭,這種暗示是顯而易見的:協調一致的信息激怒了耶路撒冷周圍的緊張局勢,將陰謀串在一起並呼籲進行暴力。聲明中很少提及謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah),這清楚表明當前的抗議活動不一定是核心問題。 同時,真主黨秘書長哈桑·納斯拉拉發表了漫長的講話,抨擊以色列。他說,最近在梅龍山發生的踩踏事件使45人喪生,這表明以色列“沒有準備面對戰爭”。他的觀點是,以色列還沒有為大規模的傷亡做好準備。他說:“現在,以色列人還擔心與巴勒斯坦人發生安全衝突。” 真主黨專家戴維·達烏德(David Daoud)在網上錄製了大部分講話。“關於以色列國防軍–我不會說以色列國防軍很弱,但它不及[美國參謀長中將。納瓦拉宣稱:“科威維會讓我們相信。” 哈馬斯,真主黨和伊朗的聲明並非孤立。它們是作為協調的消息出現的,而該消息不僅與Quds Day有關。他們正在為進一步的暴力做準備。在發表聲明的同時,哈馬斯的旗幟也被帶到耶路撒冷的示威活動中。 這也是哈馬斯在耶路撒冷掌權的秘訣,耶路撒冷曾經在這個城市立足,但在這個城市卻很難抬起頭。在巴勒斯坦權力機構推遲選舉之後,這是哈馬斯在西岸掌權的手段。 這也是伊朗,真主黨和哈馬斯顯得重要的一種方式。他們還想在以色列與其在海灣地區的新和平夥伴之間切入,因為他們知道耶路撒冷的暴力將迫使巴林,阿聯酋和其他國家發表聲明。 同樣,他們想煽動約旦的緊張局勢。他們知道,沙特阿拉伯已試圖減輕與伊朗的緊張關係,並一直在與伊拉克,土耳其和敘利亞的伊朗討論和解。 對於伊朗來說,這是利用耶路撒冷問題來推動與以色列的緊張關係的絕好機會。伊朗知道,在其他方面,無論是核武器還是敘利亞的政府糾結,它都面臨著障礙。但是,長期以來,它一直試圖在巴勒斯坦事務中發揮越來越大的作用。 伊朗媒體在宣傳以色列正在衰落。IRGC就以色列的“安全泡沫”如何破裂發表了聲明。 伊朗的新聞電視現在重點介紹了納斯拉拉以及其他穆斯林國家如何譴責以色列。哈馬斯週六警告以色列不要“玩火”。他在此聲明中特別提到了總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡(Benjamin Netanyahu),並沒有指出以色列大選後以色列目前的政治動盪。 據報導,在星期六的星期六下午,成千上萬的巴勒斯坦人試圖進入耶路撒冷,這是抗議活動和他們“捍衛”阿克薩的願望的一部分。冒泡的危機現在可能影響以色列與海灣的關係,也可能激發華盛頓和歐洲的興趣。 Iran, Hamas, Hezbollah join to incite terror against Israel - analysis The tensions in Jerusalem go back to late April when Ramadan began and Israeli police restricted access to Damascus Gate. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN MAY 8, 2021 20:05 Iran is using tensions over Jerusalem as an excuse to lead other extremist groups in the region to push for terror attacks against Israel. It is important to understand the timeline here. The tensions in Jerusalem go back to late April, when Ramadan began, Israeli police restricted access to Damascus Gate and a series of TikTok videos showed Arabs attacking religious Jews. There have also been tensions in Sheikh Jarrah in Jerusalem, protests that escalated in early May. On April 22, dozens were wounded in Jerusalem after a far-right Jewish group clashes with Muslims at Damascus Gate. Hamas in Gaza said Jerusalem and al-Aqsa Mosque were being threatened, and warned that the “gates of hell” could open, a reference to war with Israel. Fast forward to Friday, before the clashes on Temple Mount. In preparation for “Quds Day” – a day that Iran and its allies in the region highlight as a way to centralize focus on Jerusalem and increase incitement against Israel – a series of statements were made. Iran’s Ayatollah Ali Khamenei wrote that “the Palestinians’ endeavors and the pure blood of resistance martyrs have managed to multiply Palestinian Jihad’s internal power by hundreds of times. Once, Palestinian youth defended themselves by throwing stones, but today they respond to the enemy’s attacks with precision missiles.” This coincided with Hamas warning that Israel was going to “sabotage al-Aqsa.” The Iranian leader also said that “on the issue of Palestine, all Muslim states and nations are responsible, but the Palestinians themselves are the axis of Jihad.” From Gaza to Tehran, the insinuation was clear: A coordinated message inflaming tensions around Jerusalem, weaving together conspiracies and calling for violence. There was less mention of Sheikh Jarrah in the statements, making it clear that current protest was not necessarily a central issue. At the same time, Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah gave a long speech slamming Israel. He said the recent stampede at Mount Meron, where 45 people were killed, demonstrated Israel’s “lack of preparation to confront war.” His point was that Israel is not ready for mass casualties. “Now, the Israelis are also fearful of a security conflagration with the Palestinians,” he said. David Daoud, an expert on Hezbollah, transcribed most of his speech online. “Regarding the IDF – I won’t say the IDF is weak, but it’s not as strong as [Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Aviv] Kohavi would have us believe,” Nasrallah claimed. The statements by Hamas, Hezbollah and Iran are not isolated. They occurred as a coordinated message, and the message was not just about Quds Day. They were preparing the ground for further violence. Hamas flags were being brought to demonstrations in Jerusalem at the same time as the statements. This is also a Hamas ploy for power in Jerusalem, a city it has had a foothold in but in where it has had difficulty raising its head. It is a Hamas ploy for power in the West Bank after the Palestinian Authority postponed elections. It is also a way for Iran, Hezbollah and Hamas to appear relevant. They also want to drive a wedge between Israel and its new peace partners in the Gulf, knowing that the violence in Jerusalem will pressure Bahrain, the UAE and others to make statements. Similarly, they want to inflame tensions in Jordan. They know that Saudi Arabia has sought to tone down tensions with Iran and has been discussing rapprochement with Iran in Iraq, and with Turkey and Syria. For Iran, this is a perfect opportunity to push tensions with Israel using the Jerusalem issue. Iran knows that on other fronts, whether nuclear weapons or entrenchment in Syria, it faces hurdles. However, it has long sought to play an increasing role in Palestinian affairs. Iran’s media is pushing the line that Israel is in decline. The IRGC has made statements about how Israel’s “security bubble” has been burst. Iran’s Press TV now highlights Nasrallah and how other Muslim countries are condemning Israel. Hamas, on Saturday warned Israel not to “play with fire.” He has singled out Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in this statement, not noting the current political turmoil in Israel after Israel’s elections. On Saturday afternoon, thousands of Palestinians were reportedly trying to make their way to Jerusalem as part of the protests and their desire to “defend” Al-Aqsa. The bubbling crisis could now affect Israeli relations with the Gulf and may also spark the interest of Washington and Europe. 耶路撒冷的“青年黨”感動勝利,將謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)變成了重大危機 巴勒斯坦人還成功地使謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)爭端看起來像是以色列整體計劃的一部分,該計劃將阿拉伯人趕出耶路撒冷,並將該城“猶太化”。 由KHALED ABU TOAMEH 2021年5月8日21:28 2021年5月3日,在東耶路撒冷謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)居民區的以巴土地所有權糾紛即將開庭審理之前,以色列邊境警察在衝突中與巴勒斯坦抗議者打架,衝突持續不斷。 (照片來源:REUTERS / AMMAR AWAD) 廣告 巴勒斯坦人已成功地將關於東耶路撒冷謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)地區一些房屋的所有權的爭端變成了一場重大危機,現在引起了聯合國,歐洲聯盟和美國政府以及幾個國家以及本地和外國媒體組織。 這項成功是在兩週前巴勒斯坦人宣布的另一項“勝利”之後進行的。當時,耶路撒冷警察對日常示威遊行作出回應,撤走了它在舊城大馬士革門入口外設置的路障。 兩天后,由於抗議者和警察之間的夜間小規模衝突仍在繼續進行,因此,為了防止數百名年輕人晚上在大門入口聚集,這些路障被重新安裝。 巴勒斯坦人稱讚撤除路障是“重大勝利”,並吹噓“耶路撒冷青年黨”如何迫使以色列屈服,這種被認為的投降被視為軟弱的跡象,這進一步加劇了“青年黨”的膽量。 ” 巴勒斯坦權力機構,哈馬斯和其他巴勒斯坦派別的領導人也迅速讚揚東以色列的“英雄”青年,他們迫使以色列當局拆除了路障。他們進一步稱讚這些年輕人“東部猶太人定居者企圖挫敗阿克薩清真寺和居民住宅的企圖”。 為了保持這種勢頭,巴勒斯坦人決定將重點放在聖殿山和謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)上的阿克薩清真寺大院,那裡有許多阿拉伯家庭在1948年以前被猶太人擁有的房屋驅逐。 過去幾天在謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)和阿克薩清真寺(al-Aqsa Mosque)爆發的暴力衝突已成百上千的暴徒向警察投擲石塊和其他物體,成功地在謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)房屋爭端與伊斯蘭教第三派之間建立了聯繫最聖地。 巴勒斯坦人還成功地使謝赫·賈拉(Sheikh Jarrah)爭端看起來像是以色列將阿拉伯人趕出耶路撒冷並將該城“猶太化”的總體計劃的一部分。 聲稱擁有房屋所有權的猶太人組織可能已經贏得了法律訴訟,但是鑑於許多國際政黨的強烈抗議以及包括阿拉伯國家在內的多個國家的譴責,現在很難看到以色列當局如何能夠執行任何法院命令。 。 2017年,巴勒斯坦人在耶路撒冷慶祝了另一場“勝利”,當時以色列在經過數週的抗議和衝突後被迫拆除了警察在阿克薩清真寺大院入口處安裝的金屬探測器門,以色列被迫這樣做。 一些巴勒斯坦人還提到,以色列沒有撤離位於耶路撒冷-傑里喬公路旁的貝都因人村莊Khan al-Ahmar,這是與以色列進行的胳膊纏結戰的又一成就。 自那時以來,巴勒斯坦人發誓要繼續努力,防止以色列“改變阿克薩清真寺大院的歷史和法律地位”,並阻止以色列執行其所謂的“猶太化”耶路撒冷的計劃。 現在,在過去幾天里高呼口號支持哈馬斯的耶路撒冷“青年黨”堅信,如果他們繼續施加壓力,以色列別無選擇,只能避免將阿拉伯家庭趕出謝赫·賈拉。 最後,過去幾週的事件表明,哈馬斯在東耶路撒冷有許多支持者,令巴勒斯坦權力機構領導層大為沮喪。在一些抗議活動中,示威者高舉哈馬斯的旗幟,高喊口號,譴責巴勒斯坦權力機構總統馬哈茂德·阿巴斯為“叛徒”和“美國特工”。 Sensing victory, Jerusalem 'shabab' turn Sheikh Jarrah into major crisis The Palestinians have also succeeded in making the Sheikh Jarrah dispute appear as being part of an overall Israeli scheme to drive Arabs out of Jerusalem and “Judaize” the city. By KHALED ABU TOAMEH MAY 8, 2021 21:28 An Israeli border policeman scuffles with a Palestinian protester during clashes amid ongoing tension ahead of an upcoming court hearing in an Israeli-Palestinian land-ownership dispute in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood of East Jerusalem May 3, 2021. (photo credit: REUTERS/AMMAR AWAD) Advertisement The Palestinians have succeeded in turning the dispute over the ownership of a number of houses in the east Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah into a major crisis that has now caught the attention of the United Nations, the European Union and the US administration, as well as several countries and local and foreign media organizations. This success came on the heels of another “victory” proclaimed by the Palestinians two weeks ago, when Jerusalem police, responding to daily demonstrations, removed barricades it had placed outside the entrance of the Old City’s Damascus Gate. The barricades, intended to prevent hundreds of youths from gathering at night at the gate entrance, were reinstalled two days later because the nightly skirmishes between the protesters and the police continued even after their removal. Palestinians praised the removal of the barricades as a “big victory” and bragged about how the “shabab (youths) of Jerusalem” had forced Israel to capitulate and this perceived capitulation is seen as a sign of weakness that is further emboldening the “shabab.” Leaders of the Palestinian Authority, Hamas and other Palestinian factions were also quick to heap praise on the “heroic” east Jerusalem youths who forced Israeli authorities to remove the barricades. They further lauded the youths for “thwarting attempts by Jewish settlers to storm al-Aqsa Mosque and the homes of residents” of east Jerusalem. To maintain the momentum, the Palestinians decided to focus on al-Aqsa Mosque compound on the Temple Mount and Sheikh Jarrah, where a number of Arab families face eviction from houses that were owned by Jews before 1948. The violence that erupted in Sheikh Jarrah in the past few days and al-Aqsa Mosque compound on Friday, when hundreds of rioters threw rocks and other objects at policemen, has succeeded in creating a link between the dispute over the Sheikh Jarrah houses and Islam’s third holiest site. The Palestinians have also succeeded in making the Sheikh Jarrah dispute appear as if it is part of an overall Israeli scheme to drive Arabs from Jerusalem and “Judaize” the city. The Jewish organizations claiming ownership of the houses may have won the legal battle, but it’s now hard to see how the Israeli authorities will be able to implement any court order, given the outcry by many international parties and condemnations by several countries, including Arab states. In 2017, the Palestinians celebrated another “victory” in Jerusalem when Israel was forced, after weeks of protests and clashes, to remove the metal detector gates installed by police at the entrances to al-Aqsa Mosque compound. Some Palestinians also refer to Israel’s failure to evacuate the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar, located alongside the Jerusalem-Jericho highway, as yet another achievement in the arm-twisting battle with Israel. Since then, the Palestinians have vowed to pursue their efforts to prevent Israel from “changing the historical and legal status of al-Aqsa Mosque compound” and stop it from implementing its alleged plan to “Judaize” Jerusalem. Now the “shabab” of Jerusalem, who in the past few days were chanting slogans in support of Hamas, are convinced that if they keep up the pressure, Israel will have no choice but to refrain from evicting the Arab families from Sheikh Jarrah. Finally, the events of the past few weeks have shown that Hamas has many supporters in east Jerusalem, much to the dismay of the PA leadership. During some of the protests, demonstrators raised Hamas flags and chanted slogans denouncing PA President Mahmoud Abbas as a “traitor” and a “US agent.” Rocket fired at southern Israel as Palestinians riot in Gaza, Jerusalem Projectile lands in open field; fire comes as Palestinians at Temple Mount chant in support of Hamas as terror group threatens Israel · 21min ago IDF: Rocket fired from Gaza at Israel lands in open field The Israel Defense Forces say a rocket has been fired from the Gaza Strip at southern Israel. The rocket alert sirens were triggered only in a field, where the projectile apparently landed. There are no reports of damage or injury. · · 2hr ago 2 Palestinians arrested in East Jerusalem after pepper-spraying police Two Palestinians have been arrested after spraying Israeli police officers with pepper spray in Sheikh Jarrah, police say. Police also say the East Jerusalem suspects were found to be carrying “means of attack,” without specifying. · · 2hr ago 53 Palestinians hurt in Jerusalem clashes — Red Crescent By AARON BOXERMAN The Palestinian Red Crescent says its medics have treated 53 Palestinians wounded in clashes tonight in Jerusalem. Injuries were caused by rubber-tipped bullets, sound grenades, and physical blows, the first aid organization says. · · 2hr ago Palestinians at Damascus Gate throw rocks toward cops, who respond with sound grenades By AARON BOXERMAN At the Damascus Gate, Palestinians hurl stones at a police post. Police respond by tossing sound grenades onto the steps leading towards the gate, sending Palestinians scrambling. · · 2hr ago Fatah warns Israel of ‘all-out conflict’ over Jerusalem The central committee of Fatah, the movement led by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, warns of a broader conflict with Israel amid escalating tensions in Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In a statement, the committee calls for a “continuation of the public uprising and fight against the occupation and the settlers.” “The continuation of the settler attacks on the holy places and the homes of Palestinian residents, their expulsion and expansion of settlements — will lead to an all-out conflict in all the Palestinian territories,” it adds. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades, Fatah’s armed wing, also puts out a statement threatening Israel. “We will not abandon our holy places. We will be as one hand in our response to the enemy,” it says. 3hr ago Red Crescent sets up field hospital to treat wounded in Damascus Gate clashes By AARON BOXERMAN The Red Crescent says it has set up a field hospital to treat Palestinians wounded in clashes with police at the Damascus Gate outside Jerusalem’s Old City. It adds that its medics have treated 17 people wounded in clashes across Jerusalem tonight, six of whom were hospitalized for what it says were mostly wounds from rubber or sponge-tipped bullets. · · 3hr ago Sanders, Warren, AOC slam Israel over ‘inhumane’ pending evictions in Sheikh Jarrah Several prominent progressive US lawmakers condemn Israel over the pending evictions of several Palestinian families in Jerusalem’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, whose homes are claimed by nationalist Jews as part of a long-running legal battle. “The United States must speak out strongly against the violence by government-allied Israeli extremists in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, and make clear that the evictions of Palestinian families must not go forward,” Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders writes in a tweet, seemingly referring to far-right MK Itamar Ben Gvir. Sen. Elizabeth Warren, a Massachusetts Democrat, denounces the evictions as “abhorrent and unacceptable.” “The Administration should make clear to the Israeli government that these evictions are illegal and must stop immediately,” she says. New York Democratic Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez also slams Israel over the “inhumane” evictions, tweeting: “Israeli forces are forcing families from their homes during Ramadan and inflicting violence.” 3hr ago ‘Strike Tel Aviv’: Palestinians at Temple Mount chant in support of Hamas By AARON BOXERMAN Worshipers at the Temple Mount for Laylat al-Qadr prayers are chanting in support of the Hamas terror group’s military wing, which this evening reiterated its threat to attack Israel over recent tensions in Jerusalem. “Strike Tel Aviv,” they chant. “In spirit and in blood, we will redeem al-Aqsa.” Similar chants are heard at the Damascus Gate, as Palestinians throw water bottles at riot police, who respond with stun grenades. Palestinian demonstrators also light a trash can on fire on Salah al-Din Street near the Damascus Gate as clashes with police intensify. Over 90,000 Palestinians at Laylat al-Qadr prayers on Temple Mount — Waqf By AARON BOXERMAN The Waqf reports more than 90,000 Palestinians attended Laylat al-Qadr prayers on the Temple Mount. The number is substantially less than a normal year, as Israel limited the number of Palestinians who could enter due to a wave of COVID-19 transmission in the West Bank and Gaza. Palestinians take part in Laylat al-Qadr prayers outside the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City, during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, May 8, 2021. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP) · · 4hr ago Hamas: ‘Nightly confusion units’ rioting on Gaza border for ‘Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa’ By AARON BOXERMAN The official Hamas mouthpiece says the “nightly confusion units” have begun rioting at the border fence between Gaza and Israel. “Protesters light rubber tires and throw improvised explosive devices as they come to the aid of Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque,” Hamas media outlet al-Resalah says. · · 4hr ago Hamas military wing reiterates threat against Israel over Jerusalem tensions By AARON BOXERMAN The Hamas terror group’s military wing reiterates its threat to attack Israel if the pending eviction of several Palestinian families in East Jerusalem’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood goes ahead. “We praise the steadfastness of our faithful people defending Jerusalem and al-Aqsa. We tell them: Commander Mohammad Deif made a promise, and he shall not retreat from it,” says a spokesperson for the Izz al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades. · · 4hr ago Renewed clashes break out in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood Not far from Jerusalem’s Old City, where Laylat al-Qadr prayers are being held on the Temple Mount, renewed clashes break out in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. The neighborhood has recently been the site of tensions over the pending eviction of several Palestinian families from homes claimed by nationalist Jews. Police say a small protest there turned into rioting that included “waving Palestinian flags and throwing rocks toward the forces.” The officers there respond with riot dispersal means. · · 5hr ago Suspects arrested for attacking cops in Old City as Ramadan holy night kicks off As Laylat al-Qadr prayers are set to begin, police say officers are deployed throughout the Old City, a day after major clashes erupted on the Temple Mount following evening prayers for the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. A police statement says the officers are there “to maintain order and allow the arrival of thousands of worshipers to the Temple Mount, while ensuring the safety of those coming to the Old City.” Police say two officers were assaulted a short time ago in the Old City, with two suspects arrested and taken for questioning. It also says locals threw rocks at police officers and struck a cop, who required medical care. A suspect was arrested in connection to the incident. Police say the suspect is receiving medical care and will then be taken for questioning, without elaborating further. · · 5hr ago Turkey’s Erdogan: Israel carrying out ‘heinous attacks’ against Temple Mount Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan lashes out at Israel after major clashes between Palestinians and police on the Temple Mount last night. “We strongly condemn Israel’s heinous attacks against our first qibla #AlAqsaMosque, that are unfortunately being carried out every Ramadan,” tweets Erdogan, who as Turkey’s leader has embraced the Hamas terror group and frequently lashed out at Israel in relation to Jerusalem. He adds: “As Turkey, we will continue to stand by our Palestinian brothers and sisters in all circumstances.” Erdogan also puts out tweets in Hebrew, Turkish and Arabic. · · 5hr ago Palestinians gather at Temple Mount for Laylat al-Qadr prayers Muslim worshipers have begun arriving at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem for Laylat al-Qadr, one of the holiest nights during the holy month of Ramadan. Jerusalem District Police Commander Doron Turgeman said earlier that police are anticipating significant clashes following last night’s rioting at the Temple Mount, which was some of the worst violence Jerusalem has seen in years.

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