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2021.06.03 國際新聞導讀-以國新總統選出、以國新執政聯盟順利組成、伊朗支援艦受創失火沉沒、生病的蝙蝠會自我隔離、以色列下週將為12-15歲兒童施打疫苗

外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
2021-06-02
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2021.06.03 國際新聞導讀-以國新總統選出、以國新執政聯盟順利組成、伊朗支援艦受創失火沉沒、生病的蝙蝠會自我隔離、以色列下週將為12-15歲兒童施打疫苗 拉皮德通知總統他可以組建政府將內塔尼亞胡趕下台 但是聯盟要在最多 12 天的議會投票後才能最終確定;右翼 MK 可能會反對它,可能會導致競標失敗;Ra'am 是第一個簽署聯盟協議的阿拉伯政黨 通過TOI人員今天,晚上 11:37 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid(左)、Yamina 領導人 Naftali Bennett(C)和 Ra'am 領導人 Mansour Abbas 於 2021 年 6 月 2 日簽署了聯盟協議(Ra'am 提供) 在午夜截止日期前 35 分鐘,Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 週三晚通知魯文·里夫林總統,他能夠組建一個政府,在該政府中他和 Yamina 首領 Naftali Bennett 將輪番擔任總理職務,將自己定位為取代以色列最長的——現任領導人本傑明·內塔尼亞胡擔任總理。 根據新聯盟的條款,貝內特將擔任總理至 2023 年 9 月,屆時拉皮德將接替他的職位,直至 2025 年 11 月以色列議會任期結束。該協議是在 Ra'am 領導人曼蘇爾·阿巴斯 (Mansour Abbas週三深夜,他支持即將上台的政府,使他的伊斯蘭政黨成為以色列歷史上第一個成為執政聯盟一部分的阿拉伯政黨。 儘管拉皮德發表了聲明,但仍不清楚未來的“更迭政府”是否會越過終點線。它將包括 120 個 MK 中的 61 個——盡可能窄的多數。Bennett 的 Yamina 議員 Nir ​​Orbach 週三晚間早些時候宣布,他可能投票反對新聯盟,此舉可能會毀掉由右翼、中間派、左翼政黨和伊斯蘭主義者 Raam 組成的未來根底淺薄的政府。 “我很榮幸地通知你,我已經成功組建了一個政府,”拉皮德根據 Yesh Atid 的一份聲明告訴里夫林。“根據《基本法》第 13(a)條,將成立輪替政府,而國會議員 MK Naftali Bennett 將首先擔任總理。” “我祝賀你和各方領導人同意組建政府。據總統辦公室稱,我們預計議會將盡快召開會議,根據需要批准政府,”里夫林在周三晚上的電話中告訴拉皮德。 以色列國會現在必須安排對新政府的信任投票。然而,由於下一次全體會議要到 6 月 7 日星期一,屆時才會正式通知以色列議會議長、利庫德集團的亞里夫·萊文,他需要安排對新政府進行投票。 然後他有長達一周的時間來安排投票,所以它可能只在 6 月 14 日舉行,給內塔尼亞胡和他的支持者 12 天的時間來試圖剝奪拉皮德和貝內特的多數席位。 據第 12 頻道報導,如果萊文議長無法於 6 月 14 日進行投票,拉皮德-貝內特聯盟可能會試圖罷免他。 一張蒙太奇照片顯示了 Yesh Atid 首席執行官 Yair Lapid 宣布他可以在 2021 年 6 月 2 日組建的未來“變革政府”中的政黨領導人。(Flash90) 拉皮德週三晚敦促萊文“履行他應盡的法律責任,並儘快召開全體會議特別會議,屆時他將通知以色列議會,Yesh Atid 主席 Yair Lapid 已成功組建政府。” 在 3 月 23 日的選舉中贏得席位的 13 個政黨中的 8 個支持預期的拉皮德-貝內特政府,在由 120 名成員組成的議會中顯然總共獲得 61 票:Yesh Atid(17 個席位)、藍白黨(8) , Yisrael Beytenu (7), Labor (7), Yamina (7 個 MK 中的 6 個),New Hope (6),Meretz (6) 和 Ra'am (4)。 Yamina 的第七任 MK,Amichai Chikli 宣布他將投票反對計劃中的政府。如果奧爾巴赫也這樣做,這可能會否定其微弱多數的新政府計劃。然而,雖然主要由阿拉伯政黨組成的聯合名單中的六個 MK 中有四個表示他們將投票反對計劃中的政府,但另外兩個尚未具體說明他們將如何投票。本內特和奧爾巴赫定於週四會面。 2021 年 6 月 2 日,Ra'am 黨領袖曼蘇爾·阿巴斯抵達拉馬特甘的 Maccabiah 村參加聯盟會談。(Avshalom Sassoni/Flash90 週三晚上 11 點之後,令人緊張的聯盟談判仍在繼續,Ra'am 在截止日期前大約一個小時簽署了聯盟協議。不久之後,新希望和亞米娜也跟了上去。 雙方在最後一刻克服的另一個障礙是右翼 Yamina 和中左翼工黨之間關於司法任命委員會組成的爭執。 根據新出現的聯盟協議,拉皮德將在政府的頭兩年擔任外交部長,藍白黨領袖本尼·甘茨將繼續擔任國防部長,國庫將由以色列領導人阿維格多·利伯曼掌管。新希望黨領袖 Gideon Sa'ar 將擔任司法部長,而 Yamina 的 Ayelet Shaked 將擔任內政部長。工黨的梅拉夫·米凱利(Merav Michaeli)獲得了交通部長職務,她的同黨成員奧馬爾·巴列夫(Omer Barlev)將擔任公安部長。梅雷茨領導人尼贊霍洛維茨將被任命為衛生部長,而同黨成員塔馬爾贊德伯格將擔任環境保護部長和伊薩維弗雷傑地區合作部長。 最終的聯盟協議尚未正式公佈,預計談判將繼續進行,直到宣誓就職投票。 上個月,在內塔尼亞胡獲得第一次機會後,里夫林任命拉皮德組建政府,但未能拼湊出多數執政黨。3 月 23 日的選舉是自 2019 年 4 月以來的第四次選舉,內塔尼亞胡和他的右翼宗教集團再次未能獲得多數席位。 本雅明·內塔尼亞胡總理於 2021 年 5 月 30 日在耶路撒冷議會舉行的新聞發布會上發表講話。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) 內塔尼亞胡和他的政治盟友一直在敦促亞米納和右翼新希望黨的立法者不要與拉皮德組建政府,預計在以色列議會投票前幾天,這種壓力會進一步增加。 如果新政府宣誓就職,以色列將自2009年以來首次出現新總理。除了自此連續擔任總理超過12年外,內塔尼亞胡還在1990年代後期擔任了三年總理。 自以色列議會於 2018 年 12 月解散以來,以色列一直陷入政治僵局,此後舉行的四輪選舉未能使內塔尼亞胡或其競爭對手獲得決定性多數。除了為自己的政治生存而戰,內塔尼亞胡目前正在接受三起腐敗案件的審判。 Lapid informs president he can form government removing Netanyahu from power But coalition won’t be finalized until Knesset vote in up to 12 days; right-wing MK could oppose it, possibly dooming bid; Ra’am is 1st Arab party ever to ink coalition deal By TOI STAFFToday, 11:37 pm Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid (L), Yamina leader Naftali Bennett (C) and Ra'am leader Mansour Abbas sign a coalition agreement on June 2, 2021 (Courtesy of Ra'am) Thirty-five minutes before a midnight deadline, Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid on Wednesday night informed President Reuven Rivlin he is able to form a government in which he and Yamina chief Naftali Bennett will switch off as prime minister, positioning themselves to replace Israel’s longest-serving leader Benjamin Netanyahu as premier. Under the terms of the new coalition, Bennett is to serve as prime minister until September 2023, when Lapid will take over from him until the end of the Knesset term in November 2025. The agreement came together after Ra’am leader Mansour Abbas threw his support behind the would-be government late on Wednesday night, setting up his Islamist party to be the first majority Arab party to be part of a ruling coalition in Israel’s history. Despite Lapid’s declaration, it remained unclear that the prospective “change government” will make it past the finish line. It is set to include 61 of the 120 MKs — the narrowest possible majority. And an MK from Bennett’s Yamina, Nir Orbach, earlier on Wednesday night announced he could vote against the new coalition, a move that could potentially doom the prospective razor-thin government of right-wing, centrist, left-wing parties and the Islamist Ra’am. “I am honored to inform you that I have succeeded in forming a government,” Lapid told Rivlin according to a Yesh Atid statement. “The government will be an alternate government in accordance with Clause 13(a) of the Basic Law: The Government, and MK Naftali Bennett will serve as prime minister first.” “I congratulate you and the heads of the parties on your agreement to form a government. We expect the Knesset will convene as soon as possible to ratify the government, as required,” Rivlin told Lapid in the phone call between them on Wednesday night, according to the President’s Office. Get The Times of Israel's Daily Edition by email and never miss our top storiesFREE SIGN UP The Knesset must now schedule a vote of confidence in the new government. However, as the next plenum session is not until Monday, June 7, it would only be then that the Knesset Speaker, Likud’s Yariv Levin, is formally informed that he needs to schedule a vote on the new government. He then has up to a week to schedule that vote, so it may only be held on June 14, giving Netanyahu and his supporters 12 days to try to deprive Lapid and Bennett of their majority. The Lapid-Bennett coalition may try to oust Speaker Levin if he does not schedule the vote sooner than June 14, Channel 12 reported. A photo montage shows the leaders of parties in the prospective “change government” that Yesh Atid chief Yair Lapid announced he can form on June 2, 2021. (Flash90) Lapid on Wednesday night urged Levin “to fulfil the legal responsibility incumbent upon him and call a special session of the plenary as soon as possible during which he will inform the Knesset that Yesh Atid Chairperson, Yair Lapid, has succeeded in forming a government.” The intended Lapid-Bennett government is backed by eight of the 13 parties that won seats in the March 23 election, for an apparent total of 61 votes in the 120-member Knesset: Yesh Atid (17 seats), Blue and White (8), Yisrael Beytenu (7), Labor (7), Yamina (6 of its 7 MKs), New Hope (6), Meretz (6) and Ra’am (4). Yamina’s seventh MK, Amichai Chikli has announced he will vote against the planned government. If Orbach were also to do so, this could deny the planned new government of its wafer-thin majority. However, while four of the six MKs in the Joint List of mainly Arab parties have stated that they will vote against the planned government, the other two have not yet specified how they will vote. Bennett and Orbach are set to meet on Thursday. Mansour Abbas, head of the Ra’am party arrives to coalition talks at the Maccabiah village in Ramat Gan on June 2, 2021. (Avshalom Sassoni/Flash90 The nail-biting coalition talks continued past 11 p.m. on Wednesday night, with Ra’am inking its coalition deal around an hour before the deadline. New Hope and Yamina followed a short while later. Another last-minute hurdle the parties overcame was a tussle between the right-wing Yamina and center-left Labor party over the makeup of the Judicial Appointments Committee. Under the emerging coalition agreements, Lapid will serve as foreign minister in the first two years of the government, Blue and White leader Benny Gantz will remain defense minister, and the treasury will be held by Yisrael Beytenu leader Avigdor Liberman. New Hope leader Gideon Sa’ar will be justice minister, while Yamina’s Ayelet Shaked will be interior minister. Labor’s Merav Michaeli received the transportation portfolio and her fellow party member Omer Barlev will be public security minister. Meretz leader Nitzan Horowitz will be appointed health minister, while fellow party member Tamar Zandberg will be environmental protection minister and Issawi Frej regional cooperation minister. The final coalition agreements have yet to be formally released and negotiations are expected to continue until the swearing-in vote. Lapid was tasked last month by Rivlin with forming a government after Netanyahu was given first crack but failed to cobble together a ruling majority. The March 23 elections, the fourth since April 2019, again saw Netanyahu and his right-wing religious bloc fall short of a majority. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks during a press conference at the Knesset, in Jerusalem, on May 30, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Netanyahu and his political allies have been pressing lawmakers in Yamina and the fellow right-wing New Hope party not to form a government with Lapid, with that pressure expected to further grow in the days before the Knesset vote is held. If the emerging government is sworn in, Israel will have a new prime minister for the first time since 2009. Along with the over 12 consecutive years he has served as premier since then, Netanyahu was also prime minister for three years in the late 1990s. Israel has been mired in political deadlock since the Knesset dissolved in December 2018, with the four rounds of elections held since then failing to result in a decisive majority for either Netanyahu or his rivals. Besides fighting for his political survival, Netanyahu is currently on trial in three corruption cases. Video shows Lapid informing president of success in forming government Today, 11:55 pm Here is a video of Yair Lapid and Naftali Bennett on the call with President Rivlin, as Lapid informs the latter he has managed to form a government. And here is a photo of Rivlin getting the call. The president had just finished watching the finals of the Israeli Basketball State Cup, where Maccabi Tel Aviv won the championship. 艾薩克·赫爾佐格以 87 票和以色列議會的 120 票當選以色列第 11 任總統 猶太機構負責人,前工黨主席和第六任總統的兒子擊敗教育家米里亞姆佩雷茨,表示他將努力在以色列社會和僑民之間“建立橋樑” 通過拉烏爾WOOTLIFF 今天,下午 1:36 · 說明:以色列議會外的艾薩克·赫爾佐格(Isaac Herzog)(提供) 猶太機構主席、工黨前主席艾薩克·赫爾佐格星期三當選為以色列第十一任總統。 Herzog以 87 票擊敗了社會活動家Miriam Peretz,後者在戰鬥中失去了兩個兒子,成為以色列獲獎教育家,以 87 票擊敗了她的 26 票,這是總統候選人贏得的最多票數。 在無記名選舉中,所有 120 名 MK 都有資格投票,三人棄權,三票被取消資格,一名議員 Ra'am 主席曼蘇爾·阿巴斯沒有投票。 赫爾佐格是以色列第六任總統哈伊姆·赫爾佐格的兒子,也是以色列第一任首席拉比的孫子,他將在魯文·里夫林的任期於 7 月 9 日結束時接替他。 總統候選人艾薩克·赫爾佐格(Isaac Herzog)於 2021 年 6 月 2 日投票前。(Dani Shem Tov/以色列議會) 在當選後的第一次演講中,赫爾佐格表示,他打算在以色列社會和散居國外的猶太人之間“建立橋樑”,以鼓勵企業家精神,“打擊反猶太主義和對以色列的仇恨”,並“維護我們民主的基礎”。 “我接受你給我的沉重責任。我接受為整個以色列公眾服務的特權,”他說。 他還稱讚佩雷茨是“以色列英雄”,是所有以色列人的“靈感”。 2021 年 6 月 2 日,赫爾佐格當選後,新當選的以色列總統艾薩克·赫爾佐格與本傑明·內塔尼亞胡總理在議會中。(Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) 赫爾佐格受到本雅明·內塔尼亞胡總理的祝賀,對他說:“我希望我能夠與每一個政府和每一個總理合作。” 內塔尼亞胡微笑著回答赫爾佐格的笑聲,“我們現在不要談這個。” 2021 年 6 月 2 日投票後,新當選的以色列總統艾薩克·赫爾佐格和他在議會中擊敗米里亞姆·佩雷茨後的競爭對手。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) 佩雷茨稱赫爾佐格是一位受人愛戴且值得尊敬的總統,並強調她和國家的祈禱都致力於他在這一角色上的成功。“他的成功就是我們的成功。” 至於她自己,佩雷茨說:“我將繼續與年輕的以色列人會面,並儘一切努力將人們聚集在一起,治愈,有時成為母親,因為我們都需要一個擁抱,我們都需要有人給我們希望,向我們展示同情、愛和不同的話語。” 在給赫爾佐格的賀信中,里夫林指出:“‘第一公民’的頭銜和保衛以色列國品格的任務,尤其是在這個時候,責任重大。我毫不懷疑你會很好地忍受它們。我很自豪能在一個月內將接力棒傳遞給您。以色列國萬歲!以色列國總統萬歲!” 魯文·里夫林總統與他的繼任者伊薩克·赫爾佐格和赫爾佐格的妻子邁克爾。(科比·吉迪恩 / GPO) 里夫林還給佩雷茨發了一條信息:“親愛的米里亞姆,你有我的一部分,我們所有人的心。我要感謝您踏上這條道路。為了你的犧牲。對於您在此活動中選擇的特殊方式。因為你教給我們的語言——心靈的語言。” 投票結束後,內塔尼亞胡立即祝賀赫爾佐格當選,並說:“我以所有以色列公民的名義祝他好運。” 總理補充說:“我感謝 Miriam Peretz 的光榮候選資格,我相信她將繼續為以色列社會做出貢獻,正如她一生所做的那樣。” 總統候選人艾薩克·赫爾佐格 (Isaac Herzog) 於 2021 年 6 月 1 日訪問耶路撒冷老城的西牆 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 反對黨領袖 Yesh Atid 領袖 Yair Lapid 表示,赫爾佐格是“一個值得尊敬的優秀人,他始終關注國家和猶太人的利益。祝你好運,總統先生!” 以色列總統在很大程度上是禮儀性的,但在決定誰獲得選舉後組建政府的授權方面發揮著關鍵作用。總統還有權赦免人民並給予寬大處理,如果內塔尼亞胡在他正在進行的腐敗審判中被定罪,這可能成為一個關鍵問題。 在投票前夕,赫爾佐格拒絕透露他是否會考慮赦免內塔尼亞胡,內塔尼亞胡並未支持任何一位候選人。 Herzog 是該國頂級公司之一(由他的父親創立)的一位富有的職業律師,他的家庭故事與以色列皇室一樣接近。他是以色列第一位德系猶太教首席拉比艾薩克·赫爾佐格(Isaac Herzog)的孫子,也是以色列國防軍前少將、時任總統哈伊姆·赫爾佐格的兒子。他的兄弟邁克爾是一名退休的以色列國防軍準將。他的姑姑蘇西是前外交部長阿巴·埃班的妻子。 在他在以色列議會工作的 15 年裡,他以一位說話溫和、舉止溫和的經理而聞名。他開展了有禮貌的競選活動,並拒絕參與定義該國動盪政治的那種憤怒的政治爭鬥。 2021 年 6 月 2 日總統選舉當天,以色列議會外的支持者向總統候選人米里亞姆·佩雷茨致意。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Peretz 在她的長子 Uriel 於 1998 年在黎巴嫩的戰鬥中被殺,他的弟弟 Eliraz 於 2010 年在加沙附近的一次行動中被殺後,在最悲慘的情況下成為家喻戶曉的名字。圍繞猶太復國主義和應對損失的問題。2018 年,她獲得了以色列終身成就獎,這是該國最高的文化榮譽。 2021 年 6 月 2 日總統選舉投票期間,總統候選人 Isaac Herzog 和 Miriam Peretz 在以色列議會畫廊擁抱。(Olivier FitoussiFlash90) 2019 年,在過去兩年舉行的四次選舉中的第一次選舉之前,有幾個政黨向佩雷茨求助。感興趣的名單包括 New Right、Kulanu 和 Yesh Atid——來自右翼、中右翼和中鋒的政黨。佩雷茨拒絕了這些提議,解釋說她想在政治框架之外繼續她的公共工作,她相信在那裡她會產生更大的影響力。 伊朗海軍最大艦艇起火沉沒 在霍爾木茲海峽附近的阿曼灣船上發生火災後,船員從支援船 Kharg 撤離 作者:AMIR VAHDAT和JON GAMBRELL今天,上午 9:53 2021 年 6 月 2 日,伊朗海軍最大的船隻 Kharg 在阿曼灣起火併沉沒後,站在支援艦上的人員。(Asriran.com via AP) 伊朗德黑蘭(美聯社)——據半官方新聞機構報導,伊朗海軍最大的艦艇週三在阿曼灣起火,隨後在不明情況下沉沒。 法爾斯通訊社和塔斯尼姆通訊社表示,努力未能拯救以伊朗主要石油碼頭的島嶼命名的支援船 Kharg。 法爾斯說,大火在凌晨 2 點 25 分左右開始,消防員試圖控制它。這艘船在德黑蘭東南約 1,270 公里(790 英里)的伊朗港口賈斯克附近沉沒,位於霍爾木茲海峽附近的阿曼灣 - 波斯灣的窄口。 伊朗社交媒體上流傳的照片顯示,身穿救生衣的水手在他們身後著火時撤離船隻。國家電視台和半官方新聞機構將哈格號稱為“訓練船”。法爾斯公佈了周三早上從船上冒出濃濃黑煙的視頻。 視頻製作的圖像顯示,在阿曼灣,伊朗海軍支援艦哈格(Kharg)冒出濃煙。該船後來於 2021 年 6 月 2 日沈沒。(Asriran.com via AP) 美聯社分析的來自 Planet Labs Inc. 的衛星照片顯示,Kharg 星期二在 Jask 以西。來自美國國家海洋和大氣管理局的衛星跟踪來自太空的火災,在法爾斯報告的火災發生之前,在 Jask 現場發現了一場大火。 哈格號是伊朗海軍為數不多的能夠為其他船隻提供海上補給的船隻之一。它還可以提升重型貨物並作為直升機的發射點。這艘船在英國建造並於 1977 年下水,在 1979 年伊朗伊斯蘭革命之後經過漫長的談判後,於 1984 年進入伊朗海軍。 伊朗官員沒有說明哈格號上起火的原因。然而,這是在 2019 年開始的一系列針對阿曼灣船隻的神秘爆炸之後發生的。美國海軍後來指責伊朗用帽貝地雷瞄準這些船隻,這些定時爆炸物通常由潛水員安裝在船體上。 伊朗海軍最大的軍艦 Kharg 的未註明日期的照片(伊朗軍隊通過美聯社) 伊朗否認以這些船隻為目標,但美國海軍的鏡頭顯示伊朗革命衛隊的成員正在從船上拆除一枚未爆炸的水雷。這些事件發生之際,美國和伊朗之間的緊張局勢加劇,當時的總統唐納德特朗普單方面讓美國退出德黑蘭與世界大國的核協議。 哈格號的沉沒標誌著伊朗最近的一次海上災難。2020 年,在伊朗軍事訓練演習期間,一枚導彈誤擊了賈斯克港附近的一艘軍艦,造成 19 名船員死亡、15 人受傷。 同樣在 2018 年,一艘伊朗海軍驅逐艦在里海沉沒。 Largest ship in Iranian navy catches fire and sinks Crew evacuated from support vessel Kharg after blaze breaks out on board in the Gulf of Oman near the Strait of Hormuz By AMIR VAHDAT and JON GAMBRELLToday, 9:53 am Personnel standing on support ship Kharg, the largest vessel in the Iranian navy, after it caught fire in the Gulf of Oman and later sank, June 2, 2021. (Asriran.com via AP) TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — The largest ship in the Iranian navy caught fire and later sank Wednesday in the Gulf of Oman under unclear circumstances, semiofficial news agencies reported. The Fars and Tasnim news agencies said efforts failed to save the support ship Kharg, named after the island that serves as the main oil terminal for Iran. The blaze began around 2:25 a.m. and firefighters tried to contain it, Fars said. The vessel sank near the Iranian port of Jask, some 1,270 kilometers (790 miles) southeast of Tehran on the Gulf of Oman near the Strait of Hormuz — the narrow mouth of the Persian Gulf. Photos circulated on Iranian social media of sailors wearing life jackets evacuating the vessel as a fire burned behind them. State TV and semiofficial news agencies referred to the Kharg as a “training ship.” Fars published video of thick, black smoke rising from the ship early Wednesday morning. An image made from video shows smoke rising from Iran’s navy support ship Kharg in the Gulf of Oman. The ship later sank, June 2, 2021. (Asriran.com via AP) Satellite photos from Planet Labs Inc. analyzed by The Associated Press showed the Kharg off to the west of Jask on Tuesday. Satellites from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that track fires from space detected a blaze at the site of the Jask that started just before the time of the fire reported by Fars. The Kharg serves as one of a few vessels in the Iranian navy capable of providing replenishment at sea for its other ships. It also can lift heavy cargo and serve as a launch point for helicopters. The ship, built in Britain and launched in 1977, entered the Iranian navy in 1984 after lengthy negotiations that followed Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. Iranian officials offered no cause for the fire aboard the Kharg. However, it comes after a series of mysterious explosions that began in 2019 targeting ships in the Gulf of Oman. The US Navy later accused Iran of targeting the ships with limpet mines, timed explosives typically attached by divers to a vessel’s hull. Undated photo of the Kharg, the largest warship in the Iranian navy, (Iranian army via AP) Iran denied targeting the vessels, though US Navy footage showed members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard removing one unexploded limpet mine from a vessel. The incidents came amid heightened tensions between the US and Iran after then-president Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew America from Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers. The sinking of the Kharg marks the latest naval disaster for Iran. In 2020 during an Iranian military training exercise, a missile mistakenly struck a naval vessel near the port of Jask, killing19 sailors and wounding 15. Also in 2018, an Iranian navy destroyer sank in the Caspian Sea. 病蝙蝠自我隔離,幫助避免 COVID 型危機——以色列研究 科學家們說,蝙蝠被廣泛認為是冠狀病毒的來源,可能使我們免於其他疾病;哺乳動物生病時待在“家”,保護蝙蝠和其他物種 通過內森杰斐 今天,下午 6:02 埃及果蝠(Seregraff via iStock by Getty Images) 人們普遍認為蝙蝠將新型冠狀病毒傳染給了人類。但以色列研究人員表示,由於他們在很大程度上被忽視的社會疏遠行為,他們可能使我們免於許多其他疾病。 特拉維夫大學的科學家們剛剛發表了同行評議的研究,觀察到感到不適的蝙蝠會留在洞穴中的“家”,從而減少與其他物種的互動。 他們觀察到,在讓五隻埃及果蝠生病並在一個大群體中跟踪它們 72 小時後,生病的蝙蝠也會在身體有輕微的炎症跡象時遠離同齡人。 研究人員使用機載 GPS 來跟踪覓食,使用加速度傳感器來監控運動,使用紅外視頻來記錄社會行為,並使用血液樣本來測量免疫標記。 來自特拉維夫大學實驗的果蝠(特拉維夫大學提供) 研究人員得出結論,他們表現出的自我隔離行為將感染直接或通過其他物種“傳染”給人類的風險降至最低。 通過電子郵件獲取 Start-Up Israel 的 Daily Start-Up,不要錯過我們的頭條新聞免費註冊 “我們觀察到,在生病期間,蝙蝠選擇遠離群體而不離開洞穴,”特拉維夫大學神經科學系主任 Yossi Yovel 教授說。“這表明,為了遇到生病的蝙蝠,人們實際上必須侵入蝙蝠的自然環境或消滅它們的棲息地。” 隨著冠狀病毒大流行促使封鎖和社會疏遠,Yovel 的同事瑪雅·溫伯格 (Maya Weinberg) 對她在蝙蝠中註意到的一種特徵產生了興趣。 “它們是最善於交際的動物,但完全違背了它們的性格,我注意到生病的蝙蝠經常將自己與其他人分開,”她說。 果蝠在典型的社交環境中(Hendra Su 通過 iStock by Getty Images) 這對於動物來說是不典型的,它們被進化論教導要盡量淡化疾病的跡象並留在群體中,在那裡它們更安全,免受掠食者的侵害,也不太可能挨餓。 為了探索這個話題,她設計了她的正式實驗,該實驗現已發表在紐約科學院年鑑上。作為研究的一部分,溫伯格和約維爾拿了五隻蝙蝠,給它們注射了一種讓它們感到不適的病原體。 特拉維夫大學的 Maya Weinberg 和一隻果蝠(特拉維夫大學提供) 這是提出這種理論的第二項研究,緊隨其後的是11 月在美國進行的一項研究,該研究得出的結論是,生病的蝙蝠“與更少的蝙蝠有關,與他人相處的時間更少,社交聯繫也更少。” 溫伯格說,她的研究解決了先前研究的某些缺陷,更密切地跟踪蝙蝠並測量它們的運動到毫米。 特拉維夫的論文發表之際,人們對冠狀病毒的起源重新產生了興趣。世界衛生組織 3 月份表示,該病毒可能是通過另一種動物從蝙蝠傳播給人類的。這仍然是主流理論,儘管一周前美國總統喬拜登下令對競爭對手的理論進行調查,可能包括在中國發生實驗室事故的可能性。 溫伯格告訴《以色列時報》:“我們看到了一種非常清晰的模式,即生病的蝙蝠遠離其他蝙蝠,實際上倒檔後退,因為其他蝙蝠靠近它們。” “你可以將大流行期間我們用於人類的所有術語用於蝙蝠——社交距離、自我隔離和隔離。” 溫伯格和她的同事在他們的論文中寫道,生病的蝙蝠“獨自棲息,似乎通過離開社會集群而自願將自己與群體隔離,這對這個物種來說是非常不典型的。” 它們“至少停止了兩個晚上在戶外覓食,從而減少了向鄰近菌落的傳播”,並且它們的行為“表現出強大的綜合免疫反應,促進受感染個體的康復,同時減少棲息地內外的病原體傳播,包括溢出事件到其他物種,比如人類。” 'STAY IN THE CAVE TO SAVE LIVES' Sick bats self-isolate, helping avert COVID-type crises — Israeli study Widely assumed to be source of coronavirus, bats probably spared us from other diseases, scientists say; the mammals stay ‘home’ when sick, protecting fellow bats, other species By NATHAN JEFFAY Today, 6:02 pm An Egyptian fruit bat (Seregraff via iStock by Getty Images) Bats are widely believed to have given the novel coronavirus to humans. But Israeli researchers say they have probably spared us from numerous other diseases, thanks to their largely unnoticed social distancing behavior. Tel Aviv University scientists have just published peer-reviewed research observing that bats that feel unwell stay “home” in their caves, reducing interaction with other species. They observed that sick bats also stay away from their peers at the slightest hint of feeling inflammation in their bodies, after making five Egyptian fruit bats sick and following them in a large colony for 72 hours. The researchers used onboard GPS to track foraging, acceleration sensors to monitor movement, infrared video to record social behavior, and blood samples to measure immune markers. A fruit bat from the Tel Aviv University experiment (courtesy of Tel Aviv University) The researchers concluded that the self-isolating behavior they displayed minimizes the risk of infections “jumping” to humans, directly or via another species. “We observed that during illness bats choose to stay away from the colony and don’t leave the cave,” said Prof. Yossi Yovel, head of neuroscience at Tel Aviv University. “This suggests that in order to encounter a sick bat, people must actually invade the bats’ natural environment or eliminate their habitats.” As the coronavirus pandemic prompted lockdowns and social distancing, Yovel’s colleague Maya Weinberg became intrigued by a trait she had noticed among bats. “They are the most sociable of animals, yet totally defying their character, I had noticed that sick bats often separate themselves from others,” she said. Fruit bats in a typically sociable setting (Hendra Su via iStock by Getty Images) This is atypical for animals, who have been taught by evolution to try to play down signs of sickness and remain with the group, where they are safer from predators and less likely to go hungry. To explore the topic she designed her formal experiment, which has now been published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Science. As part of the study, Weinberg and Yovel took five bats and injected them with a pathogen that made them feel unwell. Maya Weinberg of Tel Aviv University, with a fruit bat (courtesy of Tel Aviv University) This is the second study to propose such a theory, coming on the heels of a November study in America that concluded that sick bats “associated with fewer bats, spent less time near others, and were less socially connected.” Weinberg said that her study addressed certain shortcomings of the previous research, following the bats more closely and measuring their movements to the millimeter. The Tel Aviv paper comes amid a resurgence of interest in the origins of the coronavirus. The World Health Organization said in March that the virus had probably been transmitted from bats to humans through another animal. This remains the mainstream theory, though a week ago US President Joe Biden ordered an investigation into rival theories, potentially including the possibility of a laboratory accident in China. “We saw a very clear pattern of the sick bats moving away from the other bats, and actually backing away in reverse gear, as others came close to them,” Weinberg told The Times of Israel. “You can use for bats all the terms we used for humans during the pandemic — social-distancing, self-isolation and quarantine.” Weinberg and her colleagues wrote in their paper that the sick bats “perched alone and appeared to voluntarily isolate themselves from the group by leaving the social cluster, which is extremely atypical for this species.” They “ceased foraging outdoors for at least two nights, thus reducing transmission to neighboring colonies,” and their behaviors “demonstrate a strong, integrative immune response that promotes recovery of infected individuals while reducing pathogen transmission inside and outside the roost, including spillover events to other species, such as humans.” 以色列將於下週開始為 12 至 15 歲的兒童接種疫苗 衛生部表示,運動將從那些最有可能因 COVID-19 而患上嚴重疾病的人,以及與面臨同樣危險的家人一起生活的人開始 作者:STUART WINER和TOI 工作人員今天,下午 3:11 2021 年 3 月 17 日,學生在南部城市貝爾謝巴的 Amal 高中接受 COVID-19 疫苗注射。(Flash90) 衛生部周三表示,將從下週開始為 12-15 歲的兒童接種冠狀病毒疫苗。 根據該計劃,將首先建議該年齡組有可能因冠狀病毒感染而出現嚴重症狀的兒童以及與家人同住但同樣有可能因 COVID-19 感染嚴重疾病的兒童接種疫苗. 該部表示,預計出國旅行的家庭也將被納入第一輪疫苗接種。 除了這些群體之外,其他任何想要為其青春期孩子接種疫苗的人都可以這樣做。 該部向《以色列時報》強調,青少年不會強制接種疫苗,只是建議,父母將能夠決定是否讓他們的孩子接種疫苗。 衛生部表示,衛生部總幹事 Chezy Levy 已經在與該國的衛生管理組織進行會談,為他們為青少年接種疫苗做準備。 在美國奧蘭治縣,青少年已經接受了 COVID-19 疫苗注射,12 歲的 Max Cuevas 在接受輝瑞 COVID-19 疫苗時握著他母親的手(美聯社照片/Jae C. Hong) 儘管衛生部沒有具體說明日期,但本週早些時候第 12 頻道新聞報導稱疫苗運動將於週日開始。 在周二晚上召開的會議之後,決定繼續為青少年接種疫苗,包括列維和冠狀病毒沙皇 Nachman Ash 在內的衛生官員以及以色列兒科協會的代表出席了會議 會議審議了擴大疫苗計劃可能帶來的並發症,包括心臟問題,此前衛生部報告稱輝瑞-BioNtech 疫苗的第二劑注射與數十例心肌炎(一種心肌炎症)之間可能存在聯繫。 , 在 30 歲以下的男性中。 儘管有證據表明存在聯繫,但官員們認為疫苗的好處遠遠超過對青少年造成的危險。 該部表示,即使在已經接種疫苗的 16-19 歲人群中檢測到心臟問題的情況下,“這種情況也很少,而且大多數病例都沒有出現並發症”。 週二的一份衛生部報告發現,從 2020 年 12 月到 2021 年 5 月,全國報告了 275 例心肌炎病例,其中 148 例與患者接種疫苗的時間很接近。 在第一劑注射後不久,在 5,401,150 人中報告了 27 例病例,其中包括 11 名患有既往疾病的人。然而,在第二次注射後的 30 天內,在 5,049,424 人中增加到 121 例,其中包括 60 名患有既往疾病的人。 該部表示,絕大多數受影響的人是 30 歲以下的男性,尤其是 16 至 19 歲的男性。報告發現,大多數病例都是輕微的,患者在四天后出院,這與心肌炎的常見情況一樣。 報告稱,1 人死亡與心肌炎有關,但尚未得到最終證實。 報告發現,疫苗與心肌炎之間的聯繫隨著年齡的增長而減弱。一些健康專家建議只給年輕人注射一針,以避免注射第二劑的副作用。 同樣在周二,據報導,一直為 COVID-19 疫苗接種提供建議的衛生部小組成員在批准兒童接種疫苗的過程中收到了死亡威脅。 據 Kan 公共廣播公司報導,Sheba 醫療中心的 Galia Rahav 教授在網上收到了來自反疫苗者的威脅信息,包括刻有她名字的墓碑圖片和“pulsa dinura”,這是一種猶太人的死亡詛咒,字面意思是“火的鞭子” . 該醫院表示,它正在與警方就這些威脅進行協調,並將始終為 Rahav 提供安全保障。 2021 年 2 月 4 日,以色列人在特拉維夫郊外 Givatayim 購物中心的 Maccabi Health 疫苗接種中心接種 COVID-19 疫苗。(Miriam Alster/Flash90) 以色列的大規模疫苗接種活動已經為超過一半的人口接種了這兩種疫苗,再加上封鎖措施,感染率從年初的每天數千人降至最近幾週的幾十人。 根據衛生部周三公佈的數據,週二僅發現了 35 例新病例。 自去年初爆發以來,以色列已有 839,515 人被診斷出患有 COVID-19,有 6,413 人死於該病。 Israel to begin vaccinating 12- to 15-year-olds next week Health Ministry says campaign will start with those most at risk of serious illness from COVID-19, as well as those living with family members facing same danger By STUART WINER and TOI STAFFToday, 3:11 pm Students receive COVID-19 vaccine injections, at Amal high school in the southern city of Beersheba, March 17, 2021. (Flash90) The Health Ministry said Wednesday that it would begin vaccinating children aged 12-15 against the coronavirus from next week. According to the plan, children in that age group who are at risk of suffering severe symptoms from coronavirus infection will be the first advised to get the shots, along with those living with family members who are likewise at risk of serious illness from COVID-19. Families who are expecting to travel abroad will also be included in the first round of vaccinations, the ministry said. Aside from those groups, anyone else who wants to vaccinate their adolescent children will be able to do so. The ministry stressed to The Times of Israel that vaccination will not be compulsory for adolescents, only advised, and parents will be able to decide if they want their children to get the shots. Health Ministry Director-General Chezy Levy was already holding talks with the country’s health management organizations in preparation for them to vaccinate adolescents, the ministry said. In Orange County, America, where teenagers are already receiving COVID-19 shots, Max Cuevas, 12, holds his mother’s hand as he receives the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) Though the ministry did not specify a date, earlier this week Channel 12 News reported that the vaccine drive will begin on Sunday. The decision to move ahead with vaccinating adolescents came following a meeting Tuesday night attended by health officials including Levy and coronavirus czar Nachman Ash, as well as representatives from the Israel Pediatric Association The meeting deliberated possible complications from expanding the vaccine program, including heart problems, in the wake of a ministry report of a probable link between the second dose shot of the Pfizer-BioNtech vaccine and dozens of cases of myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle, in males under 30. Despite evidence of the link, officials decided that the benefit of the vaccine far outweighed the danger posed to adolescents. Even in the cases of heart issues detected among those aged 16-19 who have already had the vaccine, “it was minimal and most cases passed without complications,” the ministry said. A ministry report Tuesday found that from December 2020 until May 2021, there were 275 cases of myocarditis reported across the country, 148 of them in close proximity to when the patient received a vaccine dose. Twenty-seven cases, including 11 people with preexisting conditions, were reported shortly after the first dose, out of 5,401,150 people who received a shot. However, that increased to 121 cases, including 60 people with preexisting conditions, out of 5,049,424 within 30 days of the second shot. The ministry said the vast majority of those affected were men under 30, particularly between the ages of 16 and 19. Most cases were mild, with patients released from the hospital after four days, the report found, as is usual with myocarditis. One death was linked to myocarditis, but not conclusively proven, the report said. The report found that the link between the vaccine and myocarditis dwindled as age increased. Some health experts have suggested giving younger people only one shot to avoid the second dose side effects. Also Tuesday, it was reported that a member of the Health Ministry panel that has been advising on COVID-19 vaccinations received death threats during the process of approval for the inoculation of children. Prof. Galia Rahav of Sheba Medical Center received threatening messages from anti-vaxxers online, including images of tombstones with her name and a “pulsa dinura,” a Jewish death curse that literally translates as “lashes of fire,” the Kan public broadcaster reported. The hospital said it was coordinating with police over the threats and will provide Rahav with security at all times. Israelis recieve a COVID-19 vaccine at a Maccabi Health vaccination center at the Givatayim mall, outside of Tel Aviv, February 4, 2021. (Miriam Alster/Flash90) Israel’s mass vaccination drive, which has already given both shots to over half the population, along with lockdown measures brought down infection rates from thousands a day at the beginning of the year to just a few dozen in recent weeks. There were just 35 new cases detected Tuesday, according to Health Ministry figures released Wednesday. Since the beginning of the outbreak early last year, 839,515 people have been diagnosed with COVID-19 in Israel and there have been 6,413 deaths from the disease. 民意調查顯示近一半利庫德集團成員支持內塔尼亞胡 前耶路撒冷市長 Nir ​​Barkat 是最受歡迎的接班人選,佔 45%;利庫德集團 MK Kisch 駁斥調查是旨在“顛覆”的“謊言” 由斯圖爾特溫納 今天,下午 1:56 2021 年 6 月 2 日,由于冠狀病毒的爆發,總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡 (Benjamin Netanyahu) 戴著口罩坐在耶路撒冷的以色列議會全體會議上。 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 一項新的民意調查顯示,近一半的利庫德集團成員支持總理本雅明·內塔尼亞胡暫時下台並讓該黨的另一名立法者接替他的想法,以阻撓旨在推翻總理的政黨組建的新興聯盟。 假定的政權更迭聯盟的很大一部分包括右翼或中間派政黨,如果利庫德集團由內塔尼亞胡領導,他們將拒絕加入利庫德集團。利庫德集團,如果來自所謂的變革集團的那些政黨加入,否則將有一條輕鬆的道路與其其他盟友一起在議會中獲得明顯多數席位。 陸軍電台週三發布的民意調查顯示,該民意調查是由“政治人物”委託進行的,該民意調查發現,47.3% 的利庫德集團成員支持內塔尼亞胡採取該措施,作為他領導該黨進入反對派的替代方案。 一個稍高的數字,48.9%,回應說利庫德集團應該加入反對派,而不是看到長期領導人內塔尼亞胡被取代,即使是暫時的。 其餘的人表示,他們對此事沒有意見。 至於哪位利庫德集團議員應該取代內塔尼亞胡,讓他騰出總理席位,前耶路撒冷市長尼爾·巴爾卡特的支持率最高,為45.3%。 民意調查顯示,利庫德集團高級政治家、財政部長以色列卡茨表示,他希望成為內塔尼亞胡的繼任者,但僅獲得了 13.3% 的支持。 衛生部長尤利·埃德爾斯坦 (Yuli Edelstein) 打算在利庫德集團進入反對派的情況下挑戰內塔尼亞胡的領導地位,但僅獲得 5.9%。 2020 年 2 月 16 日,在特拉維夫舉行的利庫德集團黨活動中,本傑明·內塔尼亞胡總理和利庫德集團 MK Nir ​​Barkat 提出了利庫德集團經濟計劃。 (Tomer Neuberg/Flash90) 這項由 Direct Polls 進行的民意調查對 505 名利庫德集團成員進行了抽樣,誤差幅度為 4.4 個百分點。 利庫德集團衛生部副部長約夫·基施拒絕接受民意調查結果,並向陸軍電台堅稱,內塔尼亞胡繼續得到其政黨的壓倒性支持。 “這個由政治人物下令的謊言令人反感,”基施談到民意調查時說。 Kisch 稱這次民意調查具有“顛覆性”,他認為這是由利庫德集團內部的某個人下令進行的,但他不知道是誰下令進行的。 他指出,內塔尼亞胡在 2019 年擊敗利庫德集團前部長吉迪恩·薩爾的挑戰後,令人信服地贏得了利庫德集團的初選。薩爾於 2020 年離開利庫德集團,成立新希望黨,該黨打算成為變革聯盟的一部分。 自那以後,利庫德集團推遲舉行另一輪初選,因為政治動盪導致兩年內四次選舉無果而終,導致目前的局面。 衛生部副部長 Yoav Kisch 於 2020 年 10 月 1 日通過視頻向以色列議會法律、憲法和司法委員會發表講話。(第 13 頻道屏幕截圖) 週三上午,Yesh Atid 領導人 MK Yair Lapid 表示即將敲定協議,將左翼、右翼和中間的政黨聚集在一起組建政府。如果成功,該聯盟將結束內塔尼亞胡連續 12 年的統治,內塔尼亞胡是以色列任職時間最長的總理。然而,據說各方仍在爭奪最終事項的立場。 拉皮德的時間已經不多了,他只能在周三午夜之前通知魯文·里夫林總統他已完成任務,否則他的任務將到期,組建政府的工作將自動轉移到以色列議會。內塔尼亞胡最初被授權在 3 月選舉後組建政府,但未能在規定的時間內完成,任務被轉交給了拉皮德。 當被問及他是否認為真的會成立一個聯盟時,基施表示,他認為最後一刻的談判只是擺姿勢,因為有關各方已經“全力以赴”,甚至已經為考慮與對方合作而付出了政治代價。 如果拉皮德失敗,組建政府的工作將移交給以色列議會,議會將有 21 天的時間選擇一名立法者,然後他必須在三週內建立聯盟,否則將觸發第五次選舉。 Poll shows nearly half Likud members back Netanyahu taking time out Former Jerusalem mayor Nir Barkat the most popular choice to take over, with 45%; Likud MK Kisch dismisses survey as a ‘lie’ aimed at ‘subversion’ By STUART WINER Today, 1:56 pm · · Wearing a face mask due to the coronavirus outbreak, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sits in the Knesset plenum in Jerusalem, June 2, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) Nearly half of Likud’s members back the idea of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu temporarily stepping aside and letting another of the party’s lawmakers take over for him in order to thwart an emerging coalition formed by parties aiming to oust the premier, according to a new poll. A significant portion of the putative regime-changing coalition comprises right-wing or centrist parties that are refusing to join Likud in a government if it is headed by Netanyahu. Likud, if joined by those parties from the so-called change bloc, would otherwise have an easy path to a clear majority in the Knesset together with its other allies. The poll, published Wednesday by Army Radio, which said it had been commissioned by a “political figure,” found that 47.3 percent of Likud members support Netanyahu taking the measure as an alternative to him leading the party into the opposition. A slightly higher figure, 48.9%, responded that Likud should join the opposition rather than see longtime leader Netanyahu replaced, even temporarily. The rest said they do not have an opinion on the matter. As for which Likud lawmaker should replace Netanyahu were he to vacate the prime minister’s seat, former Jerusalem mayor Nir Barkat had the most backing with 45.3%. Finance Minister Israel Katz, a senior Likud politician who has indicated that he wants to be Netanyahu’s successor, won the support of just 13.3%, according to the poll. Health Minister Yuli Edelstein, who intends to challenge Netanyahu for the Likud leadership if the party goes into the opposition, got just 5.9%. Prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Likud MK Nir Barkat present the Likud economic plan, during a Likud party event in Tel Aviv on February 16, 2020. (Tomer Neuberg/Flash90) The poll, conducted by Direct Polls, sampled 505 Likud members and has a margin of error of 4.4 percentage points. Deputy Health Minister Yoav Kisch of Likud rejected the poll results and insisted to Army Radio that Netanyahu continues to have overwhelming backing from his party. “This lie that was ordered by a political figure is revolting,” Kisch said of the poll. Calling the poll “subversive,” Kisch said that he imagines it was ordered by someone in the Likud party itself but he does not know who. He noted that Netanyahu had convincingly won Likud primaries in 2019 when he defeated a challenge from former Likud minister Gideon Sa’ar. Sa’ar left Likud in 2020 to start the New Hope party, which intends to be part of the change coalition. Likud has put off holding another round of primaries since then, amid political turmoil that saw four inconclusive elections in two years and that resulted in the current situation. Deputy Health Minister Yoav Kisch speaking by video to the Knesset Law, Constitution and Justice Committee, October 1, 2020. (Channel 13 screen capture) Yesh Atid leader MK Yair Lapid on Wednesday morning said to be closing in on finalizing agreements that would bring together parties from the left, right and center to form a government. If successful, the coalition would end 12 years of successive rule by Netanyahu, who is Israel’s longest-serving prime minister. However, parties are said to still be jostling for position on final matters. Time is running out for Lapid, who has only until midnight Wednesday to inform President Reuven Rivlin that he has completed the task or else his mandate to do so will expire and the job of forming a government will automatically pass to the Knesset. Netanyahu, who was initially mandated to form a government in the wake of March elections, failed to do so in his allotted time and the task was passed on to Lapid. Asked if he thought a coalition would indeed be formed, Kisch said he believed the last-minute negotiations are just posturing because the parties involved have “gone all in,” having already paid a political price for even considering working with each other. Should Lapid fail, the job of forming a government will pass to the Knesset, which will have 21 days to choose a lawmaker who must then build a coalition within the three weeks, or else fifth elections will be triggered. 如果政黨轉向反對派,埃德爾斯坦將挑戰內塔尼亞胡作為利庫德集團的領導人 衛生部長告訴同事,他相信如果“變革集團”能夠組建政府,他相信他很有可能獲勝,因為執政黨的異議跡象越來越多 通過沙洛姆耶路莎米 2021 年 5 月 31 日晚上 10:00 · 2021 年 2 月 9 日,在訪問以色列北部扎爾齊爾的 COVID-19 疫苗接種中心時,總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡(左)和衛生部長尤利·埃德爾斯坦(David Cohen/Flash90) 以色列《泰晤士報》希伯來姊妹網站 Zman Yisrael 週一報導,衛生部長尤利·埃德爾斯坦 (Yuli Edelstein) 計劃挑戰總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡 (Benjamin Netanyahu) 擔任利庫德集團 (Likud) 的領導權,如果該黨轉向反對派的話。 該報告發布之際,拒絕與內塔尼亞胡坐在一起的多元化政黨聯盟似乎即將組建所謂的“變革政府”,這導致利庫德集團內部首次公開表達反對其長期領導人的異議。 在與同事的談話中,曾擔任以色列議會發言人的埃德爾斯坦表示相信他在黨內初選中擊敗內塔尼亞胡的機會很大。 如果由 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 和 Yamina 的 Naftali Bennett 領導的新政府宣誓就職,Edelstein 計劃做出最終決定。 反對內塔尼亞胡的政黨週一強調,他們正在努力組建的政府尚未最終確定,並指責總理在越來越面臨失去總理職位的前景時煽動反對他們。 通過電子郵件獲取《以色列時報》每日版,不要錯過我們的頭條新聞免費註冊 “在組建新政府的過程中仍然存在很多障礙,”目前負責組建聯盟的拉皮德在一次派系會議上表示。“這是我們的第一次測試。看看我們是否能在未來幾天找到明智的妥協來實現更大的目標。” 儘管如此,拉皮德表示,以色列可能會在一周內進入一個“新時代”。 如果拉皮德組建政府,埃德爾斯坦將要求推遲利庫德集團的初選,讓自己有時間鞏固自己的挑戰。然而,這將需要改變黨內程序,這需要得到仍然由內塔尼亞胡效忠者組成的委員會的批准。 埃德爾斯坦在利庫德集團很受歡迎,在最近的初選中名列第一。內塔尼亞胡在單獨的領導初選中與吉迪恩·薩爾競爭,後者後來離開利庫德集團組建新希望黨,現在是“變革集團”的一部分。 埃德爾斯坦並不是唯一關注內塔尼亞胡王位的人。 財政部長以色列卡茨於 2020 年 12 月 20 日在特拉維夫的伊奇洛夫醫療中心。 (Miriam Alster/Flash90) 財政部長以色列卡茨週日告訴利庫德集團活動人士,為了防止該黨下台,他曾建議內塔尼亞胡暫時下台,以便組建右翼政府。 這一進展證實了過去兩個月希伯來媒體的幾篇報導,當時卡茨強烈否認了這些報導。 卡茨寫道,他最近向內塔尼亞胡提議,他為黨的領導層舉行新的初選,獲勝者將接替現任總理擔任一年,之後內塔尼亞胡可能會回歸。 卡茨顯然認為這將允許個人反對內塔尼亞胡的右翼政黨,包括薩爾的新希望,加入政府。卡茨相信他會贏得初選並暫時成為首相。 卡茨說:“我相信我的當選機會很高,因為我在這場運動中紮根,我豐富的經驗以及我成功擔任過農業、交通、情報、外交部長和現任財政部長的高級職位。” 2015 年 5 月 17 日,時任教育部長 Naftali Bennett(左)與前內政部長 Gideon Sa'ar 在西牆舉行的耶路撒冷日慶祝活動中。 (Flash90) 內塔尼亞胡拒絕了這一提議。 週日晚上,第 12 頻道政治分析家阿姆農·阿布拉莫維奇 (Amnon Abramovich) 援引兩名未透露姓名的利庫德集團部長的話,對內塔尼亞胡拒絕將黨派利益置於自身利益之上表示失望。 “令人震驚的是,他準備將總理職位交給 [競爭對手 Benny] Gantz、[Naftali] Bennett 或 Sa'ar,他準備加入反對派——只要沒有不同的候選人 [for總理] 來自利庫德集團,”阿布拉莫維奇引述他們對內塔尼亞胡的評價。 鑑於卡茨的提議,長期任職的總理的政治消亡,如果發生,至少部分源於他自己拒絕暫時讓位並允許由不同的利庫德集團領導人組成右翼政府掌舵。 以色列工作人員時報為本報告做出了貢獻。 Edelstein to challenge Netanyahu as Likud leader if party goes to opposition Health minister tells associates he believes he has a good chance of winning if ‘change bloc’ manages to form a government, amid growing signs of dissent in ruling party By SHALOM YERUSHALMI 31 May 2021, 10:00 pm Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (L) and Health Minister Yuli Edelstein, seen during a visit at the COVID-19 vaccination center in Zarzir, northern Israel, February 9, 2021. (David Cohen/Flash90) Health Minister Yuli Edelstein plans to challenge Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for the leadership of Likud, should the party head to the opposition, Zman Yisrael, the Times of Israel’s Hebrew sister site, reported Monday. The report comes as a diverse coalition of parties that refuse to sit with Netanyahu appear to be on the brink of forming a so-called “change government,” leading to the first open expressions of dissent from within Likud against its longtime leader. In conversations with associates, Edelstein, who has also served as speaker of the Knesset, has expressed confidence that his chances of defeating Netanyahu in party primaries are good. Edelstein was planning to make a final decision if the new government under Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid and Yamina’s Naftali Bennett gets sworn in. Parties opposed to Netanyahu on Monday stressed that the government they were working to form was not finalized, and accused the prime minister of inciting against them as he increasingly faces the prospect of losing the premiership. “There are still plenty of obstacles in the way of the formation of the new government,” Lapid, who is currently tasked with stringing together a coalition, said during a faction meeting. “That’s our first test. To see if we can find smart compromises in the coming days to achieve the greater goal.” Nevertheless, Lapid said Israel could enter a “new era” within a week. If Lapid forms a government, Edelstein will ask to delay the Likud party primaries to give himself time to solidify his challenge. However, this will require a change in party procedure that will need to be ratified by committees still staffed by Netanyahu loyalists. Edelstein is popular in Likud, placing first in the most recent primaries. Netanyahu competed in a separate leadership primary against Gideon Sa’ar, who later left Likud to form the New Hope party, now part of the “change bloc.” Edelstein is not the only one eyeing Netanyahu’s throne. Finance Minister Israel Katz at Tel Aviv’s Ichilov Medical Center on December 20, 2020. (Miriam Alster/Flash90) Finance Minister Israel Katz told Likud activists on Sunday that in an attempt to prevent the party’s fall from power, he had suggested that Netanyahu step aside temporarily to enable the formation of a right-wing government. The development confirmed several reports in Hebrew media over the past two months that were vehemently denied by Katz at the time. Katz wrote that he recently proposed to Netanyahu that he hold fresh primaries for the party leadership, with the winner replacing the incumbent as prime minister for a single year, after which Netanyahu would presumably return. Katz apparently thought this would allow right-wing parties that oppose Netanyahu personally, including Sa’ar’s New Hope, to join the government. Katz believed he would win the primaries and temporarily become prime minister. “I believed my chances of election were high, due to my roots in the movement and my extensive experience and the senior positions in which I successfully served as agriculture, transportation, intelligence, foreign, and now finance minister,” Katz said. Then-education minister Naftali Bennett (left) with former interior minister Gideon Sa’ar during Jerusalem Day celebrations at the Western Wall, on May 17, 2015. (Flash90) Netanyahu rejected the offer. Channel 12 political analyst Amnon Abramovich on Sunday night quoted two unnamed Likud ministers expressing their dismay over Netanyahu’s refusal to put party interests ahead of his own. “What’s astounding is that he’s prepared to give the premiership to [rivals Benny] Gantz, to [Naftali] Bennett or to Sa’ar, that he’s prepared to go into the opposition — just so long as there is not a different candidate [for prime minister] from Likud,” Abramovitch quoted them as saying about Netanyahu. In the light of Katz’s proposal, the long-serving prime minister’s political demise, should it take place, would at least partly stem from his own refusal to temporarily step aside and allow a right-wing government to be formed with a different Likud leader at the helm. 卡茨說他建議內塔尼亞胡讓位一年以允許右翼政府 財政部長證實了他之前否認的報導;此舉意味著如果總理失去權力,部分原因是他甚至暫時拒絕讓利庫德集團掌舵 由TOI 工作人員提供2021 年 5 月 30 日,下午 3:31 · 2018 年 9 月 17 日,總理本雅明·內塔尼亞胡和時任交通部長的以色列·卡茨出席了南部城鎮基里亞特馬拉奇新火車站的落成典禮。 (Flash90) 財政部長以色列卡茨週日告訴執政的利庫德集團的活動人士,為了防止該黨下台,他曾建議總理本雅明內塔尼亞胡暫時下台,以便組建右翼政府。 這一進展證實了過去兩個月希伯來媒體的幾篇報導,當時卡茨強烈否認了這些報導。 卡茨寫道,他最近向內塔尼亞胡提議,他為黨的領導層舉行新的初選,獲勝者將接替現任總理擔任一年——之後內塔尼亞胡可能會回歸。 跳過廣告 卡茨顯然認為這將允許個人反對內塔尼亞胡的右翼政黨,包括吉迪恩薩爾的新希望,加入政府。卡茨相信他會贏得初選並暫時成為首相。 卡茨說:“我相信我的當選機會很高,因為我紮根於這場運動,我在成功擔任農業、交通、情報、外交部長和現任財政部長的高級職位上擁有豐富的經驗。” 2015 年 5 月 17 日,時任教育部長 Naftali Bennett(左)與前內政部長 Gideon Sa'ar 在西牆舉行的耶路撒冷日慶祝活動中。 (Flash90) 內塔尼亞胡拒絕了這一提議。 週日晚上,第 12 頻道政治分析家阿姆農·阿布拉莫維奇 (Amnon Abramovich) 援引兩名未透露姓名的利庫德集團部長的話,對內塔尼亞胡拒絕將黨派利益置於自身利益之上表示失望。 “令人震驚的是,他準備將總理職位交給 [競爭對手 Benny] Gantz、[Naftali] Bennett 或 Sa'ar,他準備加入反對派——只要沒有不同的候選人 [總理] 來自利庫德集團,”阿布拉莫維奇引述他們對內塔尼亞胡的評價。 人們普遍預計薩爾和亞米納黨領袖貝內特將在本周宣布,他們將與反內塔尼亞胡議會集團合作組建一個右中左翼政府,將現任者趕下台。根據卡茨的提議,長期任職的總理的政治消亡至少部分源於內塔尼亞胡拒絕暫時下台並允許組建一個由不同的利庫德集團領導人掌舵的右翼政府。 Katz says he suggested Netanyahu step aside for a year to allow right-wing gov’t Finance minister confirms reports that he previously denied; move means that if PM loses power, it would be in part because of his refusal to vacate Likud helm even temporarily By TOI STAFF30 May 2021, 3:31 pm · · Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and then-transportation minister Israel Katz attend the inauguration ceremony for a new train station in the southern town of Kiryat Malachi, September 17, 2018. (Flash90) Finance Minister Israel Katz told activists for the ruling Likud on Sunday that in an attempt to prevent the party’s fall from power, he had suggested that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu step aside temporarily to enable the formation of a right-wing government. The development confirmed several reports in Hebrew media over the past two months that were vehemently denied by Katz at the time. Katz wrote that he recently proposed to Netanyahu that he hold fresh primaries for the party leadership, with the winner replacing the incumbent as prime minister for a single year — after which Netanyahu would presumably return. Katz apparently thought this would allow right-wing parties that oppose Netanyahu personally, including Gideon Sa’ar’s New Hope, to join the government. Katz believed he would win the primaries and temporarily become prime minister. “I believed my chances of election were high due to my roots in the movement and my extensive experience and the senior positions in which I successfully served as agriculture, transportation, intelligence, foreign and now finance minister,” Katz said. Then-education minister Naftali Bennett (left) with former interior minister Gideon Sa’ar during Jerusalem Day celebrations at the Western Wall, on May 17, 2015. (Flash90) Netanyahu rejected the offer. Channel 12 political analyst Amnon Abramovich on Sunday night quoted two unnamed Likud ministers expressing their dismay over Netanyahu’s refusal to put party interests ahead of his own. “What’s astounding is that he’s prepared to give the prime ministership to [rivals Benny] Gantz, to [Naftali] Bennett or to Sa’ar, that’s he’s prepared to go into the opposition — just so long as there is not a different candidate [for prime minister] from the Likud,” Abramovitch quoted them as saying about Netanyahu. Sa’ar and Yamina party leader Bennett are widely expected to announce this week that they are teaming up with the anti-Netanyahu Knesset bloc to form a right-center-left government ousting the incumbent from power. In the light of Katz’s proposal, the long-serving prime minister’s political demise would at least partly stem from Netanyahu’s refusal to temporarily step aside and allow a right-wing government to be formed with a different Likud leader at the helm. 拜登在美國猶太人中獲得 70% 的支持率 美國猶太人委員會民意調查發現,猶太社區普遍支持美國民主黨總統,而東正教選民普遍不贊成他的政府 通過潤·卡皮斯今天,下午 4:59 美國總統喬拜登於 2021 年 5 月 19 日在康涅狄格州新倫敦的美國海岸警衛隊學院開學典禮上鼓掌。(Andrew Harnik/AP) 華盛頓(JTA)——美國猶太人委員會的一項民意調查發現,美國猶太選民對美國總統喬拜登的支持率為 70%,而 26% 的人不贊成他的工作表現。 週三公佈的這項調查是拜登總統任期內首次衡量他在猶太選民中的收視率,與過去猶太人對民主黨總統的支持相稱。它還再次發現東正教選民遠離了更廣泛的社區,只有 19% 的社區支持拜登的表現。 該調查發布之際,拜登正尋求平息在唐納德·特朗普總統任期最後一年度過的冠狀病毒大流行、平息因一年抗議警察暴力而引發的種族緊張局勢、重振經濟以及管理上次戰爭引發的危機以色列和哈馬斯之間的一個月。 調查顯示,79% 的受訪者贊同他對 COVID-19 大流行的處理,19% 不贊同;68% 的人讚成他處理種族關係,28% 的人不贊成;71% 的人讚成他處理經濟問題,27% 的人不贊成。關於近幾個月飆升的反猶太主義,64% 的人讚成拜登處理威脅的方式,而 23% 的人不贊成。 拜登在危機期間在移民問題上表現不佳,因為移民湧入墨美邊境:54% 的受訪者同意他處理移民的方式,42% 不同意他處理移民的方式。 此外,他在中東問題上的差距也縮小了:58% 的人讚成他對美以關係的處理,而 27% 的人不贊成。 通過電話對 1,000 名受訪者進行的調查於 3 月 25 日至 5 月 9 日進行,也就是以色列-哈馬斯戰爭爆發的前一天。 拜登還希望重新加入伊朗核協議。調查發現,55%的受訪者贊成拜登處理伊朗核問題的方式,而32%的受訪者不贊成。 該調查由 SSRS 研究公司進行,誤差幅度為 4.5 個百分點,但子集的誤差幅度會更大,例如,在衡量東正教批准方面。 AJC 的一份新聞稿稱,涵蓋“美國政治問題、美以關係和和平進程”的調查內容將於本月晚些時候發布。 Biden scores 70 percent approval rating among American Jews American Jewish Committee poll finds wide overall support among Jewish community for Democratic US president while Orthodox voters generally disapprove of his administration By RON KAMPEASToday, 4:59 pm US President Joe Biden applauds during the commencement for the United States Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut, May 19, 2021. (Andrew Harnik/AP) WASHINGTON (JTA) — Approval numbers among American Jewish voters for US President Joe Biden are 70%, an American Jewish Committee poll found, while 26% disapprove of his job performance. The survey published Wednesday, the first in Biden’s presidency to measure his ratings among Jewish voters, is commensurate with past Jewish support for Democratic presidents. It also found once again that Orthodox voters depart from the broader community, with just 19 percent of that community approving of Biden’s performance. The survey is released as Biden seeks to put to bed the coronavirus pandemic that consumed the final year of Donald Trump’s presidency, calm racial tensions roiled by a year of protests against police violence, revive the economy, and manage the crisis engendered by the war last month between Israel and Hamas. The survey showed that 79% of respondents approved of his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and 19% disapproved; 68% approved of his handling of race relations and 28% disapproved, and 71% approved of his handling of the economy and 27% disapproved. On antisemitism, which has spiked in recent months, 64% approve of how Biden handles the threat while 23% disapprove. Biden did not fare as well on the immigration issue during a crisis as migrants rush the Mexico-US border: 54% of respondents approved and 42% disapproved of how he handled immigration. Also featuring narrower gaps were his handling of the Middle East: 58% percent approve of his handling of US-Israel relations while 27% disapprove. The survey of 1,000 respondents reached by phone took place March 25-May 9 — the day before the Israel-Hamas war broke out. Biden also wants to reenter the Iran nuclear deal. The survey found that 55% percent of respondents approve of Biden’s handling of the Iranian nuclear issue while 32% do not. The survey was carried out by the SSRS research firm and has a margin of error of 4.5 percentage points, although the margin would be larger for subsets, for instance, in measuring Orthodox approval. Elements of the survey covering “US political issues, US-Israel relations, and the peace process,” will be released later this month, an AJC release said. 谷歌多元化負責人表示,猶太人“對戰爭和殺戮有著永不滿足的胃口” 美國科技巨頭因在 2007 年的博客文章中重新浮出水面而僱用 Kamau Bobb 而受到抨擊,他在博客文章中暗示猶太人在大屠殺中的苦難與以色列的行為不相容 由TOI 工作人員提供今天,下午 6:33 2015 年 11 月 12 日,一名男子走過加利福尼亞州山景城谷歌園區的一棟建築。(美聯社照片/Jeff Chiu,文件) 谷歌多元化戰略負責人在 2007 年的一篇博文出現後受到抨擊,他在博文中稱猶太人“對戰爭和殺戮有著永不滿足的慾望”。 美國保守派新聞網站華盛頓自由燈塔週二在一篇文章中強調了這篇題為“如果我是猶太人”的帖子。 “如果我是猶太人,我會擔心我為自衛而對戰爭和殺戮的貪得無厭的胃口,” Kamau Bobb 在帖子中寫道。“自衛無疑是一種本能,但我會害怕自己對他人的痛苦越來越不敏感。” 跳過廣告 Bobb 的網站稱他是谷歌多元化戰略和研究的全球負責人,他還說“我最大的痛苦是我誤解了我的歷史提供的身份,並以自以為是的逍遙法外的方式轉移了精神和人類的同情心。” 在反思大屠殺時,他補充說:“苦難和壓迫通常會引起被壓迫者的同情和同情……我的結論是,我的猶太信仰和我人民的歷史使我更接近人類的同情心;更接近本能,為傷害提供治療,耐心為焦慮,理解為困惑。” “我不知道如何將這種身份與原教旨主義猶太極端分子的行為或以色列作為一個國家的行為相協調,”鮑伯說。 Bobb 或 Google 沒有發表評論。 在這篇文章發表之後,親以色列組織 Stand With Us 的負責人詢問谷歌,這家總部位於矽谷的科技巨頭在聘用 Bobb 之前是否用谷歌搜索過他。 “所有這些都引出了一個問題:(1) 谷歌在選擇 [鮑勃] 擔任全球谷歌 DEI(多元化、公平和包容性)董事的敏感職位時是否進行了盡職調查,以及 (2) 他是否應該留在這些職位上,”說邁克爾·迪克森。 西蒙維森塔爾中心呼籲谷歌“解僱這個反猶分子”。 Google diversity head said Jews have ‘insatiable appetite for war, killing’ US tech giant under fire for hiring Kamau Bobb after resurfacing of 2007 blog post, in which he suggests Jewish suffering in Holocaust irreconcilable with Israel’s conduct By TOI STAFFToday, 6:33 pm A man walks past a building on the Google campus in Mountain View, California, November 12, 2015. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu, File) Google’s head of diversity strategy has come under fire after the emergence of a 2007 blog post in which he said Jews have an “insatiable appetite for war and killing.” The post, titled “If I Were A Jew,” was highlighted in an article Tuesday by the Washington Free Beacon, a US conservative news site. “If I were a Jew I would be concerned about my insatiable appetite for war and killing in defense of myself,” Kamau Bobb wrote in the post. “Self-defense is undoubtedly an instinct, but I would be afraid of my increasing insensitivity to the suffering others.” Bobb, whose website says he is Google’s global lead for diversity strategy and research, also said “my greatest torment would be that I’ve misinterpreted the identity offered by my history and transposed spiritual and human compassion with self-righteous impunity.” Reflecting on the Holocaust, he added: “Suffering and oppression typically give rise to sympathy and compassion among the oppressed… I would conclude that my Jewish faith and the history of my people render me closer to human compassion; closer to the instinct to offer healing to hurt, patience to anxiety and understanding to confusion.” “I don’t know how I would reconcile that identity with the behavior of fundamentalist Jewish extremists or of Israel as a nation,” Bobb said. There was no comment from Bobb or Google. Following the article on the post, the head of the pro-Israel group Stand With Us asked Google if the Silicon Valley-based tech giant googled Bobb before hiring him. “All of this begs the question whether (1) Google did due diligence when selecting [Bobb] for the sensitive position of global Google DEI (diversity, equity and inclusion) director and (2) whether he should remain in these positions,” said Michael Dickson. The Simon Wiesenthal Center called on Google to “fire this antisemite.” 艾薩克·赫爾佐格以 87 票和以色列議會的 120 票當選以色列第 11 任總統 猶太機構負責人,前工黨主席和第六任總統的兒子擊敗教育家米里亞姆佩雷茨,表示他將努力在以色列社會和僑民之間“建立橋樑” 通過拉烏爾WOOTLIFF 今天,下午 1:36 說明:以色列議會外的艾薩克·赫爾佐格(Isaac Herzog)(提供) 猶太機構主席、工黨前主席艾薩克·赫爾佐格星期三當選為以色列第十一任總統。 Herzog以 87 票擊敗了社會活動家Miriam Peretz,後者在戰鬥中失去了兩個兒子,成為以色列獲獎教育家,以 87 票擊敗了她的 26 票,這是總統候選人贏得的最多票數。 在無記名選舉中,所有 120 名 MK 都有資格投票,三人棄權,三票被取消資格,一名議員 Ra'am 主席曼蘇爾·阿巴斯沒有投票。 赫爾佐格是以色列第六任總統哈伊姆·赫爾佐格的兒子,也是以色列第一任首席拉比的孫子,他將在魯文·里夫林的任期於 7 月 9 日結束時接替他。 總統候選人艾薩克·赫爾佐格(Isaac Herzog)於 2021 年 6 月 2 日投票前。(Dani Shem Tov/以色列議會) 在當選後的第一次演講中,赫爾佐格表示,他打算在以色列社會和散居國外的猶太人之間“建立橋樑”,以鼓勵企業家精神,“打擊反猶太主義和對以色列的仇恨”,並“維護我們民主的基礎”。 “我接受你給我的沉重責任。我接受為整個以色列公眾服務的特權,”他說。 他還稱讚佩雷茨是“以色列英雄”,是所有以色列人的“靈感”。 2021 年 6 月 2 日,赫爾佐格當選後,新當選的以色列總統艾薩克·赫爾佐格與本傑明·內塔尼亞胡總理在議會中。(Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) 赫爾佐格受到本雅明·內塔尼亞胡總理的祝賀,對他說:“我希望我能夠與每一個政府和每一個總理合作。” 內塔尼亞胡微笑著回答赫爾佐格的笑聲,“我們現在不要談這個。” 2021 年 6 月 2 日投票後,新當選的以色列總統艾薩克·赫爾佐格和他在議會中擊敗米里亞姆·佩雷茨後的競爭對手。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) 佩雷茨稱赫爾佐格是一位受人愛戴且值得尊敬的總統,並強調她和國家的祈禱都致力於他在這一角色上的成功。“他的成功就是我們的成功。” 至於她自己,佩雷茨說:“我將繼續與年輕的以色列人會面,並儘一切努力將人們聚集在一起,治愈,有時成為母親,因為我們都需要一個擁抱,我們都需要有人給我們希望,向我們展示同情、愛和不同的話語。” 在給赫爾佐格的賀信中,里夫林指出:“‘第一公民’的頭銜和保衛以色列國品格的任務,尤其是在這個時候,責任重大。我毫不懷疑你會很好地忍受它們。我很自豪能在一個月內將接力棒傳遞給您。以色列國萬歲!以色列國總統萬歲!” 魯文·里夫林總統與他的繼任者伊薩克·赫爾佐格和赫爾佐格的妻子邁克爾。(科比·吉迪恩 / GPO) 里夫林還給佩雷茨發了一條信息:“親愛的米里亞姆,你有我的一部分,我們所有人的心。我要感謝您踏上這條道路。為了你的犧牲。對於您在此活動中選擇的特殊方式。因為你教給我們的語言——心靈的語言。” 投票結束後,內塔尼亞胡立即祝賀赫爾佐格當選,並說:“我以所有以色列公民的名義祝他好運。” 總理補充說:“我感謝 Miriam Peretz 的光榮候選資格,我相信她將繼續為以色列社會做出貢獻,正如她一生所做的那樣。” 總統候選人艾薩克·赫爾佐格 (Isaac Herzog) 於 2021 年 6 月 1 日訪問耶路撒冷老城的西牆 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 反對黨領袖 Yesh Atid 領袖 Yair Lapid 表示,赫爾佐格是“一個值得尊敬的優秀人,他始終關注國家和猶太人的利益。祝你好運,總統先生!” 以色列總統在很大程度上是禮儀性的,但在決定誰獲得選舉後組建政府的授權方面發揮著關鍵作用。總統還有權赦免人民並給予寬大處理,如果內塔尼亞胡在他正在進行的腐敗審判中被定罪,這可能成為一個關鍵問題。 在投票前夕,赫爾佐格拒絕透露他是否會考慮赦免內塔尼亞胡,內塔尼亞胡並未支持任何一位候選人。 Herzog 是該國頂級公司之一(由他的父親創立)的一位富有的職業律師,他的家庭故事與以色列皇室一樣接近。他是以色列第一位德系猶太教首席拉比艾薩克·赫爾佐格(Isaac Herzog)的孫子,也是以色列國防軍前少將、時任總統哈伊姆·赫爾佐格的兒子。他的兄弟邁克爾是一名退休的以色列國防軍準將。他的姑姑蘇西是前外交部長阿巴·埃班的妻子。 在他在以色列議會工作的 15 年裡,他以一位說話溫和、舉止溫和的經理而聞名。他開展了有禮貌的競選活動,並拒絕參與定義該國動盪政治的那種憤怒的政治爭鬥。 2021 年 6 月 2 日總統選舉當天,以色列議會外的支持者向總統候選人米里亞姆·佩雷茨致意。 (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Peretz 在她的長子 Uriel 於 1998 年在黎巴嫩的戰鬥中被殺,他的弟弟 Eliraz 於 2010 年在加沙附近的一次行動中被殺後,在最悲慘的情況下成為家喻戶曉的名字。圍繞猶太復國主義和應對損失的問題。2018 年,她獲得了以色列終身成就獎,這是該國最高的文化榮譽。 2021 年 6 月 2 日總統選舉投票期間,總統候選人 Isaac Herzog 和 Miriam Peretz 在以色列議會畫廊擁抱。(Olivier FitoussiFlash90) 2019 年,在過去兩年舉行的四次選舉中的第一次選舉之前,有幾個政黨向佩雷茨求助。感興趣的名單包括 New Right、Kulanu 和 Yesh Atid——來自右翼、中右翼和中鋒的政黨。佩雷茨拒絕了這些提議,解釋說她想在政治框架之外繼續她的公共工作,她相信在那裡她會產生更大的影響力。 Isaac Herzog elected Israel’s 11th president, with 87 votes of Knesset’s 120 Jewish agency head, former Labor chief and son of 6th president defeats educator Miriam Peretz, says he’ll work to ‘build bridges’ within Israeli society and with Diaspora By RAOUL WOOTLIFF Today, 1:36 pm Illustrative: Isaac Herzog outside the Knesset (Courtesy) Isaac Herzog, the chairman of the Jewish Agency and former head of the Labor party, was elected Wednesday as Israel’s eleventh president. Herzog defeated Miriam Peretz, a social activist who overcame the loss of two of her sons in battle to become an Israel Prize-winning educator, with 87 votes, the most a presidential candidate has ever won, to her 26. In the secret election, in which all 120 MKs were eligible to cast votes, three abstained, three votes were disqualified and one lawmaker, Ra’am chair Mansour Abbas, did not vote. Herzog, who is the son of Israel’s sixth president, Chaim Herzog, and the grandson of Israel’s first chief rabbi, will succeed Reuven Rivlin when the latter’s term ends on July 9. Presidential candidate Isaac Herzog before the vote, June 2, 2021. (Dani Shem Tov/ Knesset) In his first speech after being elected, Herzog said he intended “to build bridges” within Israeli society and with the Jewish Diaspora, to encourage entrepreneurship, “fight antisemitism and hatred of Israel,” and “safeguard the foundations of our democracy.” Get The Times of Israel's Daily Edition by email and never miss our top storiesFREE SIGN UP “I accept upon myself the heavy responsibility you have placed upon me. I accept the privilege of serving the entire Israeli public,” he said. He also hailed Peretz as “an Israeli hero,” and “an inspiration” to all Israelis. Newly elected Israeli President Isaac Herzog with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the Knesset after Herzog’s election, June 2, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Congratulated by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Herzog said to him: “I hope I will be able to work with every government and every prime minister.” Replied a smiling Netanyahu, to laughter from Herzog, “Let’s not get into that now.” Newly elected Israeli President Isaac Herzog and his defeated rival for the post Miriam Peretz, in the Knesset after the vote, June 2, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Peretz called Herzog a beloved and worthy president, and stressed that her prayers and those of the nation were all devoted to his success in the role. “His success is our success.” As for herself, Peretz said, “I will continue to meet with young Israelis, and do everything to bring people together, to heal and sometimes to be a mother, because we all need a hug, we all need someone to give us hope, to show us compassion, love, a different discourse.” In a congratulatory message to Herzog, Rivlin noted: “The title of ‘first citizen’ and the task of guarding the character of the State of Israel, particularly at this point in time, are heavy responsibilities. I have no doubt that you will bear them superbly. I am proud to pass on the baton to you in a month’s time. Long live the State of Israel! Long live the President of the State of Israel!” President Reuven Rivlin with his successor Issac Herzog and Herzog’s wife Michael. (Kobi Gideon / GPO) Rivlin also sent a message to Peretz: “Dear Miriam, you have a piece of my heart, of all of our hearts. I want to thank you for setting out on this path. For your sacrifice. For the special way you chose in this campaign. For the language you taught us – the language of the heart.” Immediately after the vote, Netanyahu congratulated Herzog on his election, saying, “I wish him luck in the name of all Israeli citizens.” The prime minister added, “I thank Miriam Peretz for her honorable candidacy and am certain she will continue to contribute to Israeli society, as she has done her entire life.” Presidential candidate Isaac Herzog visits the Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem, June 1, 2021 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid, the head of the opposition, said Herzog was “a worthy and wonderful man who is always focused on the good of the country and the Jewish people. Good luck, Mr. President!” Israel’s president is largely ceremonial but plays a key role in deciding who gets the mandate to form a government following elections. The president also has the power to pardon people and grant clemency, something that could become a key issue should Netanyahu be convicted in his ongoing corruption trial. In the run-up to the vote, Herzog refused to say whether he would consider pardoning Netanyahu, who had not endorsed either candidate. A well-heeled attorney by profession at one of the country’s top firms (which was founded by his father), Herzog’s family story is as close as one comes to Israeli royalty. He is the grandson of Israel’s first Ashkenazi chief rabbi, Isaac Herzog, for whom he is named, and the son of former IDF major general and then president Chaim Herzog. His brother Michael is a retired IDF brigadier general. His aunt Suzy was the wife of former foreign minister Abba Eban. In his 15 years in the Knesset, he became known as a soft-spoken and mild-mannered manager. He ran respectful campaigns and declined to take part in the kind of angry political feuding that have come to define the country’s fractious politics. Presidential candidate Miriam Peretz greeted by supporters outside the Knesset on the day of the presidential elections, June 2, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Peretz became a household name under the most tragic of circumstances after her eldest son Uriel was killed fighting in Lebanon in 1998 and his younger brother Eliraz was killed in an operation near Gaza in 2010. But the Casablanca native went on to become a motivational speaker on issues surrounding Zionism and coping with loss. In 2018, she won the Israel Prize for lifetime achievement, the country’s highest cultural honor. Presidential candidates Isaac Herzog and Miriam Peretz embrace in the Knesset gallery during the voting in the presidential elections, June 2, 2021. (Olivier FitoussiFlash90) In 2019, several political parties courted Peretz to join them ahead of the first of four elections held in the past two years. The interested slates included New Right, Kulanu, and Yesh Atid — parties from the right, center-right and center. Peretz turned down the offers, explaining that she wanted to continue her public work outside the framework of politics, where she believed she’d have greater influence. Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.

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