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2021.06.04 國際新聞導讀-美國將贈送8000萬劑疫苗給世界各國、敘利亞難民面臨斷糧危機、以色列新執政聯盟之說明

外交官的國際新聞導覽及中東中亞的歷史故事 Diplomat's daily news review and history research on Middle East and Central Asia
2021-06-03
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2021.06.04 國際新聞導讀-美國將贈送8000萬劑疫苗給世界各國、敘利亞難民面臨斷糧危機、以色列新執政聯盟之說明 美國將詳細制定 8000 萬劑疫苗的全球分配計劃 拜登政府一直承受著分享疫苗以幫助遏制從印度到巴西的疫情爆發的壓力,衛生專家擔心那裡可能會出現新的、更具傳染性的冠狀病毒變種。 通過路透 2021 年 6 月 2 日 07:41 2021 年 2 月 7 日,在奧地利維也納成立為冠狀病毒病疫苗接種中心的維也納展覽中心會議中心,一名醫護人員將一劑輝瑞-BioNTech COVID-19 疫苗交給醫生。 (照片來源:路透社/LISI NIESNER/文件照片) 廣告 哥斯達黎加聖何塞——美國國務卿安東尼·布林肯週二表示,美國將在未來兩週內宣布其計劃如何在全球分發其承諾的8000 萬劑 COVID-19疫苗。 布林肯在與哥斯達黎加總統卡洛斯·阿爾瓦拉多的聯合新聞發布會上說,美國總統喬·拜登的政府將專注於疫苗的公平分配,而不是將政治條件與這一過程聯繫起來,這一批評有時是針對中國的。 “在接下來的一周到兩週的某個時候——我們將宣布我們將分發這些疫苗的過程、標準是什麼、我們將如何做,​​”布林肯在他作為國務卿首次訪問拉丁美洲時說,正在努力遏制 COVID-19。 “我們將分發疫苗,而不會對接受疫苗的人提出政治要求。” 週一,拜登表示,除了他已經計劃向其他國家提供的 6000 萬劑阿斯利康疫苗外,他的政府還將向輝瑞公司/BioNTech SE、Moderna 公司和強生公司運送至少 2000 萬劑疫苗。 拜登政府一直面臨著分享疫苗以幫助遏制從印度到巴西不斷惡化的疫情的壓力,那裡的衛生專家擔心新的、更具傳染性的冠狀病毒變種可能會破壞可用疫苗的有效性。 Blinken 表示,該公告將披露該過程的標準和細節,但美國將專注於公平分配和協調 COVAX 疫苗共享設施的工作。 隨著美國國內的大流行前景隨著疫苗接種的推進而變得明朗,援助承諾對於政府推動利用美國疫苗供應作為對抗中國和俄羅斯疫苗外交的工具至關重要。 當被問及美國在這次訪問期間是否對中美洲或哥斯達黎加做出了疫苗承諾時,一位國務院高級官員表示,沒有做出針對特定地區或國家的承諾。 “我們不知道最終的分配會是什麼。這很大程度上與流行病學有關,而且科學表明我們應該專門使用這些疫苗來防止進一步傳播,”這位官員在一次簡報中告訴記者。 . 拜登曾向加拿大和墨西哥借出一些未使用的疫苗,並為貧困國家的多邊疫苗接種工作捐款,他在 4 月份表示,白宮仍在考慮最終將疫苗運送到加拿大、中美洲和其他地方的選項。 哥斯達黎加的阿爾瓦拉多強調,他的國家希望得到有關疫苗分發的及時消息。 週二早些時候,世界銀行敦促美國釋放多餘的疫苗。 US to detail global distribution plan for 80 mln vaccine doses The Biden administration has been under pressure to share vaccines to help curb outbreaks from India to Brazil, where health experts fear new, more contagious coronavirus variants could emerge. By REUTERS JUNE 2, 2021 07:41 A healthcare worker hands over doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine to a doctor at Messe Wien Congress Center, which has been set up as coronavirus disease vaccination centre, in Vienna, Austria February 7, 2021. (photo credit: REUTERS/LISI NIESNER/FILE PHOTO) Advertisement SAN JOSE, Costa Rica - The United States will announce in the next two weeks how it plans to distribute 80 million COVID-19 vaccine doses it has pledged globally, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Tuesday. Speaking at a joint news conference with Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado, Blinken said the administration of US President Joe Biden would focus on equitable distribution of the vaccines and not tie political strings to the process, a criticism at times directed at China. "Sometime in the next week to two weeks – we will be announcing the process by which we will distribute those vaccines, what the criteria are, how we will do it," Blinken said during his first trip as secretary of state to Latin America, which is fighting to contain COVID-19. "We will distribute vaccines without political requirements of those receiving them." On Monday, Biden said his administration would send at least 20 million doses of the Pfizer Inc/BioNTech SE , Moderna Inc and Johnson & Johnson vaccines, on top of 60 million AstraZeneca Plc doses he had already planned to give to other countries. The Biden administration has been under pressure to share vaccines to help curb worsening outbreaks from India to Brazil, where health experts fear new, more contagious coronavirus variants could undermine the effectiveness of available shots. Blinken said the announcement would reveal the criteria and details of the process but that the United States would focus on the equitable distribution and work in coordination of the COVAX vaccine sharing facility. As the pandemic outlook within the United States brightens with advancing vaccinations, the aid pledge is central to the administration's drive to use US vaccine supply as a tool to counter Chinese and Russian vaccine diplomacy. A senior State Department official, when asked if the United States during this trip made vaccine commitments, to Central America or Costa Rica specifically, said no region or country specific pledges had been made. "We don't know what the final distribution is going to be. A lot of it has to do with essentially epidemiology and where the science says that we should be dedicating those vaccines to prevent further spread," the official told reporters in a briefing. Biden, who has loaned some unused vaccines to Canada and Mexico and donated funds to a multilateral vaccination effort for poor countries, in April said the White House was still looking at its options for eventually sending vaccines to Canada, Central America and elsewhere. Costa Rica's Alvarado stressed that his country was hoping for prompt news on vaccine distribution. Earlier on Tuesday, the World Bank urged the United States to free up excess vaccines. 如果援助過境點關閉,敘利亞數百萬人將面臨災難-聯合國 目前,每月約有 1,000 輛聯合國卡車在 Bab al-Hawa 的單一過境點進入敘利亞,運送食品、醫療用品和人道主義援助 通過路透 2021 年 6 月 3 日 16:30 2021 年 5 月 26 日,在反對派控制的敘利亞伊德利卜,人們參加了反對敘利亞總統巴沙爾·阿薩德和總統選舉的示威活動。 (圖片來源:KHALIL ASHAWI / 路透社) 聯合國一名高級援助官員周四表示,如果聯合國未能批准下個月延長跨境人道主義行動,敘利亞西北部的數百萬人將面臨災難。 大約 300 萬人,其中許多人在長達十年的衝突期間因在敘利亞其他地方的戰鬥而流離失所,在巴沙爾·阿薩德總統政府控制之外的土耳其邊境附近尋求庇護。 在俄羅斯和中國(安理會常任理事國)反對更新其他過境點之後,土耳其的跨境援助通道去年減少到只有一個過境點。下個月可能會再次攤牌,屆時該行動的任務必須得到更新。 “如果安理會決議不延長,這將是一場災難。我們知道人們真的會受苦,”聯合國敘利亞危機副區域人道主義協調員馬克·卡茨說。 “我們對理事會的期望是,他們將平民的需求放在首位,”卡茨在土耳其邊境城鎮雷漢利的一個援助供應中心告訴路透社。“在敘利亞西北部,世界上任何地方都有一些最脆弱的人。” 目前,每月約有 1,000 輛聯合國卡車在 Bab al-Hawa 的單一過境點進入敘利亞,運送食品、醫療用品和人道主義援助,試圖滿足敘利亞西北部五分之四的人的需求。 “這是他們的生命線,”美國駐聯合國大使琳達·托馬斯-格林菲爾德在訪問該地區時告訴記者。“在過去的一年半里,安理會的一些成員成功地關閉了另外兩個進入敘利亞的過境點。” “Bab al-Hawa 簡直就是剩下的了……如果它被關閉,將會造成毫無意義的殘忍。” 托馬斯-格林菲爾德宣佈為敘利亞人和他們的收容社區額外提供 2.4 億美元的資金,她說她也願意與俄羅斯合作,尋找從敘利亞政府控制區“跨線”運送援助的方法。 支持阿薩德的俄羅斯指責他的西方對手忽視了從大馬士革運來的物資可能發揮的作用。 卡茨在邊境附近的一次簡報會上對美國特使說:“我們已經花了一年多的時間與雙方進行談判,以獲得跨線和跨界援助。” “儘管我們付出了很多努力,但我們還沒有設法讓一輛卡車越線。這不是因為缺乏聯合國方面的努力,而是因為它是一個戰區。” 他說,除了限制進入的困難之外,援助行動還缺乏現金。 “我們真正需要的是增加資金。我們需要更多的機會,而不是更少。把它帶回聯合國安理會,”卡茨告訴托馬斯-格林菲爾德。 Jerusalem Post Middle East Millions in Syria face disaster if aid crossing is shut - UN Currently, around 1,000 UN trucks a month enter Syria at the single crossing point of Bab al-Hawa to deliver food, medical supplies and humanitarian aid By REUTERS JUNE 3, 2021 16:30 People take part in a demonstration against Syria's President Bashar al-Assad and presidential elections, in the opposition-held Idlib, Syria May 26, 2021. (photo credit: KHALIL ASHAWI / REUTERS) Advertisement Millions of people in northwest Syria face disaster if the United Nations fails to approve an extension of cross-border humanitarian operations next month, a senior UN aid official said on Thursday. Some 3 million people, many of them displaced by fighting elsewhere in Syria during the decade-long conflict, have sought shelter near the border with Turkey, outside the control of President Bashar al-Assad's government. Access for cross-border aid from Turkey was reduced last year to just one crossing point after opposition from Russia and China - permanent Security Council members - to renewing other crossings. A new showdown is likely next month when the operation's mandate must be renewed. "It's going to be a disaster if the Security Council resolution is not extended. We know that people are really going to suffer," said Mark Cutts, UN deputy regional humanitarian coordinator for the Syria crisis. "Our expectation from the council is that they put the needs of the civilians first," Cutts told Reuters at an aid supply center in the Turkish border town of Reyhanli. "In northwest Syria you have some of the most vulnerable people anywhere in the world." Currently, around 1,000 UN trucks a month enter Syria at the single crossing point of Bab al-Hawa to deliver food, medical supplies and humanitarian aid, trying to meet the needs of four out of five people in northwest Syria. "This is their lifeline," US ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield told reporters on a visit to the area. "Over the last year and a half, some members of the Security Council succeeded in shamefully closing two other crossings into Syria." "Bab al-Hawa is literally all that is left … If it is closed it will cause senseless cruelty." Announcing an additional $240 million in funding for Syrians and their host communities, Thomas-Greenfield said she was also willing to work with Russia to find ways for aid to be delivered "cross-line" from Syrian government-controlled areas. Russia, which supports Assad, has accused his Western opponents of ignoring the role that could be played by supplies brought cross-line from Damascus. "We have spent more than one year negotiating on both sides to have both cross-line and cross-border aid," Cutts told the US envoy in a briefing near the border. "Despite all our efforts, we have not managed to get a single truck cross-line. This is not for a lack of trying from the UN side, but rather because it is a war zone." In addition to the difficulties over restricted access, the aid operation was starved of cash, he said. "What we really need is to scale up funding. We need more access, not less. Take that back with you to the United Nations Security Council,” Cutts told Thomas-Greenfield. 第一聯盟:全國宗教總理,大多數阿拉伯人,大多數女部長 如果拉皮德-貝內特政府宣誓就職,許多記錄將被打破,從最多的派係到最多的記者,再到最多的前內塔尼亞胡助手 通過TOI人員今天,下午 3:08 Yamina 負責人 Naftali Bennett(左)和工黨主席 Merav Michaeli 在以色列第 11 任總統選舉的以色列議會全會上,2021 年 6 月 2 日。(Dani Shem Tov / Knesset) 由 Yesh Atid 的 Yair Lapid 和 Yamina 的 Naftali Bennett 組成的聯盟將標誌著以色列政治史上的許多第一次並打破不少記錄。 計劃任命貝內特為總理,與拉皮德輪流擔任總理,這將是以色列第一次由一位虔誠的、穿著基帕的總理領導。如果政府宣誓就職,貝內特也將成為任命總理的最小派系的領導人,因為他的亞米納只有七個 MK,其中一個宣布他將投票反對提議的聯盟,另一個已經說過他可以這樣做。 現年 49 歲的貝內特也將成為以色列第二年輕的總理——內塔尼亞胡在 1996 年首次上任時年僅 46 歲,這是他在任期間最年輕的記錄。 跳過廣告 新政府,如果確實在未來 12 天的某個時間宣誓就職,將是第一個擔任總理職務的派系領導人(貝內特)與實際獲得組建新政府的授權不同的政府。政府(拉皮德)。拉皮德將在 2023 年 9 月上任。 Yamina 酋長 Naftali Bennett(左)和 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 通知魯文·里夫林總統他們已成功組建政府,2021 年 6 月 2 日(提供) 創紀錄的八名女性可能在計劃中的政府中擔任部長職務,其中包括一些最有影響力的:交通部長梅拉夫米凱利(工黨)、內政部長阿耶萊特沙克德(亞米娜)、教育部長伊法特沙沙-比頓(新希望) )、經濟部長 Orna Barbivai (Yesh Atid)、文化部長 Karine Elharrar (Yesh Atid)、社會平等部長 Merav Cohen (Yesh Atid)、移民吸收部長 Pnina Tamano-Shata (Blue and White) 和環境保護部長 Tamar Zandberg (梅雷茲)。 2018 年 1 月 1 日在特拉維夫舉行的新聞發布會上,當時的 Yesh Atid 候選人少將 (res.) Orna Barbivai 宣布她在該黨的以色列議會名單上參選。 (Yossi Zeliger/Flash90) 聯盟中將有八名阿拉伯 MK,雖然 Ra'am 不是第一個在政府任職的阿拉伯政黨,但這是第一次有人在其組建中發揮如此關鍵的作用。 分析人士指出,內閣將是一個多元化的內閣,至少三分之一的政府成員來自米茲拉希。它將包括一名阿拉伯部長、Meretz 的區域合作部長 Issawi Frej 和一名出生於埃塞俄比亞的 Tamano-Shata。 聯盟中有創紀錄的八個派系,其中四個由前記者領導——拉皮德、米凱利、新希望的 Gideon Sa'ar 和梅雷茨的 Nitzan Horowitz——這是另一個第一。 八個派系領導人中有五個曾擔任內塔尼亞胡政府的部長——拉皮德、薩爾、貝內特、伊斯雷爾·貝特努的阿維格多·利伯曼和藍白黨的本尼·甘茨。 八個派系領導人中的三個開始了他們作為內塔尼亞胡的高級助手的職業生涯——貝內特、利伯曼和薩爾。Yamina 的 Shaked 也為內塔尼亞胡工作了很多年。 新興聯盟中的政黨領袖:這張創建於 2021 年 6 月 2 日的圖片組合顯示(上(左到右)Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid、Yamina 領導人 Naftali Bennett、新希望領導人 Gideon Sa'ar、Yisrael Beytenu 領導人 Avigdor Lieberman, (底部從左到右)梅雷茨黨領袖尼贊霍洛維茨、藍白黨黨魁本尼甘茨、拉姆黨領袖曼蘇爾阿巴斯和工黨領袖梅拉夫米凱利。(法新社照片) 儘管內塔尼亞胡聲稱新生的聯盟是一個“左翼政府”,“對以色列的安全和國家的未來構成威脅”,但最高級別的安全內閣將擁有絕對多數的權利翼成員,希伯來媒體週日報導。 根據菅直人公共廣播公司和第 12 頻道新聞的報導,高層機構將由 10 名或 12 名成員組成,但在任何一種情況下,右翼都佔多數。 Yamina MK Ayelet Shaked 於 2021 年 5 月 26 日在耶路撒冷以色列議會舉行新聞發布會。 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 據報導,安全內閣將包括三名 Yamina 成員——Bennett、Shaked 和 Matan Kahana。利庫德集團脫離的新希望黨將有兩名成員,Gideon Sa'ar 和 Ze'ev Elkin,以及 Yisrael Beytenu 的 Liberman。 Yesh Atid 只有一名安全內閣成員:拉皮德。藍白黨也將有一位代表甘茨;一份來自工黨,Michaeli;一個來自梅雷茨,霍洛維茨。 在這種情況下,右派將以 6-4 的多數票超過中派和左派。 該報告還表示,正在就增加兩名成員,工黨的 Omer Barlev 和新希望的 Yoaz Hendel 進行談判。如果添加,右側將享有 7-5 的優勢。 根據以色列法律,安全內閣的人數不得超過政府部長人數的一半。它可以包括作為觀察員並且不能對內閣決定進行投票的其他部長。 根據法律,總理、國防部長、外交部長、財政部長、公安部長和司法部長都必須是安全內閣成員。 Coalition of firsts: A national religious PM, most Arabs, most female ministers Many records will be broken if the Lapid-Bennett government is sworn in, from the most factions to the most journalists to the most ex-Netanyahu aides By TOI STAFFToday, 3:08 pm Yamina head Naftali Bennett (L) and Labor chair Merav Michaeli in the Knesset plenum for the election of Israel's 11th president, June 2, 2021. (Dani Shem Tov/ Knesset) The coalition being formed by Yesh Atid’s Yair Lapid and Yamina’s Naftali Bennett would mark many firsts and break no small number of records in Israel’s political history. The planned appointment of Bennett as prime minister, in rotation with Lapid, would be the first time that Israel will be led by a religiously observant, kippa-wearing prime minister. If the government is sworn in, Bennett will also be the leader of the smallest faction ever to appoint a prime minister, as his Yamina has a mere seven MKs, one of whom has declared he will vote against the proposed coalition, and another of whom has said he may do so. Bennett, 49, will also be Israel’s second-youngest prime minister — the record for youngest stays with Netanyahu, who was just 46 the first time he assumed the role in 1996. The new government, if it is indeed sworn in sometime in the next 12 days, would be the first one in which the faction leader who assumes the post of prime minister (Bennett) is not the same one who actually received the mandate to form a government (Lapid). Lapid would step into the post only in September 2023. Yamina chief Naftali Bennett (left) and Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid as they inform President Reuven Rivlin they have succeeded in forming a government, June 2, 2021 (Courtesy) A record-breaking eight women are likely to hold ministerial portfolios in the planned government, including some of the most influential ones: transportation minister Merav Michaeli (Labor), interior minister Ayelet Shaked (Yamina), education minister Yifat Shasha-Biton (New Hope), economy minister Orna Barbivai (Yesh Atid), culture minister Karine Elharrar (Yesh Atid), social equality minister Merav Cohen (Yesh Atid), immigrant absorption minister Pnina Tamano-Shata (Blue and White), and environmental protection minister Tamar Zandberg (Meretz). Then-Yesh Atid candidate Maj. Gen. (res.) Orna Barbivai at a press conference announcing her run on the party’s Knesset list, in Tel Aviv on January 1, 2018. (Yossi Zeliger/Flash90) There will be eight Arab MKs in the coalition, and although Ra’am is not the first Arab party to serve in government, it is the first time that one has played such a key role in its formation. Analysts have noted that the cabinet would be a diverse one, with at least one-third of the government’s members being of Mizrahi origin. It would include an Arab minister, Regional Cooperation Minister Issawi Frej of Meretz, and an Ethiopia-born one in Tamano-Shata. There are a record-breaking eight factions in the coalition, four of which are led by former journalists — Lapid, Michaeli, New Hope’s Gideon Sa’ar and Meretz’s Nitzan Horowitz — marking another first. Five of the eight faction heads have previously served as ministers in Netanyahu governments — Lapid, Sa’ar, Bennett, Yisrael Beytenu’s Avigdor Liberman and Blue and White’s Benny Gantz. Three of the eight faction heads started their careers as senior aides to Netanyahu — Bennett, Liberman and Sa’ar. Yamina’s Shaked also worked for Netanyahu for a number of years. Party leaders in the emerging coalition: This combination of pictures created on June 2, 2021 shows (Top (L to R) Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid, Yamina leader Naftali Bennett, New Hope leader Gideon Sa’ar, Yisrael Beytenu leader Avigdor Lieberman, (bottom L to R) Meretz leader Nitzan Horowitz, Blue and White leader Benny Gantz, Ra’am leader Mansour Abbas, and Labour leader Merav Michaeli. (Photos by AFP) Despite claims by Netanyahu that the nascent coalition is a “left-wing government” that is “a danger to the security of Israel and a danger to the future of the state,” the top-level security cabinet will have a clear majority of right-wing members, Hebrew media reported Sunday. According to reports by the Kan public broadcaster and Channel 12 news, the high-level body will be made up of either 10 or 12 members, but in either case with a clear right-wing majority. Yamina MK Ayelet Shaked holds a press conference at the Knesset, in Jerusalem, on May 26, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) According to the reports, the security cabinet will include three Yamina members — Bennett, Shaked and Matan Kahana. There will be two members of the Likud-breakaway New Hope party, Gideon Sa’ar and Ze’ev Elkin, along with Yisrael Beytenu’s Liberman. Yesh Atid will only have one security cabinet member: Lapid. There will also be one representative from Blue and White, Gantz; one from Labor, Michaeli; and one from Meretz, Horowitz. Under such a scenario, the right would have a 6-4 majority over the center and left. The report also said that talks were underway on adding two more members, Labor’s Omer Barlev and New Hope’s Yoaz Hendel. If added, the right would enjoy a 7-5 advantage. Under Israeli law, the security cabinet can consist of no more than half the number of ministers in the government. It can include additional ministers who are observers and can’t vote on cabinet decisions. By law, the prime minister, defense minister, foreign minister, finance minister, public security minister and justice minister must all be members of the security cabinet. 貝內特:“我告訴我的孩子,他們的父親將是以色列最討厭的人” 在第一次採訪中,候任總理為與拉皮德的交易辯護;“我的核心誓言是讓以色列擺脫混亂”;收回選舉前關於拉姆的阿巴斯是“恐怖支持者”的言論 通過拉烏爾WOOTLIFF 2021 年 6 月 4 日,上午 12:36 Yamina 領導人和候任總理 Naftali Bennett 在 2021 年 6 月 3 日的第 12 頻道採訪中發表講話(第 12 頻道截圖) 週四,亞米納主席納夫塔利·貝內特在簽署協議後首次接受采訪,該協議將使他領導政府取代總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡,他為自己與 Yesh Atid 領導人亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 組成權力分享聯盟的決定進行了辯護,稱他做到了“為了國家” 週四晚上,候任總理貝內特在接受第 12 頻道新聞採訪時反駁了一些右翼人士的批評,稱他違背了不加入由拉皮德擔任總理的政府的承諾。在新聯盟中,貝內特將在頭兩年擔任總理,後兩年由拉皮德擔任。 “這些選舉的核心承諾是讓以色列擺脫混亂,”他說。“我是唯一一個既不是‘Only Bibi’也不是‘Anyone but Bibi’的政黨,我為此付出了選舉代價,”顯然是指僅贏得 7 個席位。 加入聯盟的將是拒絕加入由內塔尼亞胡領導的政府的右翼、中間派和左翼政黨,目前正在接受三起刑事案件的審判,以及伊斯蘭主義的 Ra'am 黨,其中,亞米娜在內塔尼亞胡和反內塔尼亞胡集團之間搖擺不定。 Yamina 酋長 Naftali Bennett 和 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 於週三晚上出現,他們通知魯文·里夫林總統他們已成功組建政府,2021 年 6 月 2 日。(提供) 在最近的競選活動中,貝內特在電視上簽署了一份承諾,不與拉皮德一起參加政府,或同意與他達成輪換協議。 “我明白,如果我堅持這些話,我們將無法讓以色列擺脫混亂。在每一個承諾中鞏固自己是最容易的事情,如果每個人都這樣做,就不會成立政府,而且它發生在四次選舉之後。我知道我會受到批評,在對以色列有利的事情和這件事之間做出選擇時,我選擇了對以色列有利的事情,”貝內特說。 他說,當他與中間派和左翼政黨聯手時,“我告訴我的孩子們,他們的父親將成為這個國家最討厭的人。但我解釋說,我這樣做是為了他們的國家。” 2021 年 6 月 2 日,在耶路撒冷舉行的總統選舉投票期間,本傑明·內塔尼亞胡總理出現在以色列議會的全會大廳。 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 內塔尼亞胡指責民族主義者貝內特因政治野心尋求組建左翼政府,並背叛右翼政府(儘管貝內特支持內塔尼亞胡自己組建政府的努力,直到失敗為止。) 內塔尼亞胡還多次將左翼政黨納入他的聯盟,並與拉姆談判。 當被問及 Ra'am 黨領袖和新的聯盟夥伴曼蘇爾·阿巴斯 (Mansour Abbas) 時,貝內特在選舉前一再稱其為“恐怖支持者”,這位亞米納領導人說:“曼蘇爾·阿巴斯不是恐怖支持者。我遇到了一位誠實的人和一位勇敢的領導人,他正在伸出援手並尋求幫助以色列公民。” 貝內特拒絕了依賴阿拉伯以色列政黨可能削弱政府對恐怖主義反應的建議,這是他自己過去提出的主張,貝內特堅持認為他的政府將採取任何必要的軍事行動,包括在加沙,儘管它依賴於拉'是。如果聯盟在任何此類行動後瓦解,“就這樣吧……會有選舉。” 他說聯盟與 Ra'am 的交易只涉及民事問題,而不是安全問題。 選舉前,貝內特抨擊內塔尼亞胡與拉姆的阿巴斯談判,後者是以色列伊斯蘭運動南部分支的政治派別。 2021 年 6 月 2 日,Ra'am 黨領袖曼蘇爾·阿巴斯 (Mansour Abbas) 抵達拉馬特甘 (Ramat Gan) 的 Maccabiah 村參加聯盟會談。攝影:Avshalom Sassoni/Flash90 在回應內塔尼亞胡關於他的政府將是左翼並危​​及以色列安全的指控時,貝內特回擊道,“不是我放棄了[大部分]希伯倫[給巴勒斯坦權力機構]。那是內塔尼亞胡。[在 2011 年吉拉德·沙利特 (Gilad Shalit) 囚犯交易中] 釋放了數千名恐怖分子和兇手的不是我。那是內塔尼亞胡。我們正在建立一個與[與政治右翼]有一些不同想法的人的政府。就這樣。” Bennett 是定居者委員會的前任主席,他贊成吞併約旦河西岸的大部分地區,他堅持認為新政府不會批准任何領土撤出。 Yamina 黨領袖 Naftali Bennett 於 2021 年 3 月 21 日在西岸貝都因人村莊 Khan al-Ahmar 上方的 Srugim 新聞網站會議上。(Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) 當被問及他是否仍然認為巴勒斯坦問題類似於“屁股裡的彈片”——他在 2013 年畫的一個類比,顯然是為了表明忍受它比領土分離手術更可取——貝內特說這是“一個評論,我會回想起來已經改變了。” 事實上,他繼續說道,“以色列國和巴勒斯坦人之間的民族衝突不是為了土地。巴勒斯坦人不承認我們在這裡存在的本質,顯然在未來很長一段時間內都會如此。” 他說,他的目標是“盡量減少衝突。我們將無法解決它。” 他說他將贊成採取措施安全地改善和緩解巴勒斯坦人的條件——在經濟、行動自由等方面——“以提高生活質量”。 提醒他計劃的聯盟中的左翼政黨對事情的看法不同,他說,“我們會解決的。” 貝內特譴責試圖破壞其宣誓就職的努力,他說他“希望並相信”新的八黨政府在未來幾天內將安全地在以色列議會中以 61-59 的比例獲得多數席位。 . Bennett: ‘I told my kids their father will be the most hated person in Israel’ In 1st interview, PM-designate defends deal with Lapid; ‘My core vow was to get Israel out of the chaos’; retracts pre-election remarks that Ra’am’s Abbas is ‘terror supporter’ By RAOUL WOOTLIFF 4 June 2021, 12:36 am Yamina leader and PM-designate Naftali Bennett speaks in a Channel 12 interview, June 3, 2021 (Channel 12 screenshot) In his first interview since signing an agreement that would see him lead a government to replace Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Yamina chair Naftali Bennett on Thursday defended his decision to form a power-sharing coalition with Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid, saying he did it “for the sake of the country” Speaking with Channel 12 news on Thursday night, prime minister-designate Bennett pushed back on criticism from some on the right that he broke his promise not to join a government in which Lapid would serve as prime minister. In the new coalition, Bennett is set to become prime minister for the first two years, followed by Lapid for the latter two. “The core promise in these elections was to get Israel out of the chaos,” he said. “I was the only party that was neither ‘Only Bibi’ nor ‘Anyone but Bibi,’ and I paid an electoral price for that,” apparently referring to winning just 7 seats. Joining the coalition will be a mix of right-wing, centrist and left-wing parties that had refused to join a government led by Netanyahu, currently on trial in three criminal cases, as well as the Islamist Ra’am party, which, like Yamina, had vacillated between the Netanyahu and anti-Netanyahu bloc. Yamina chief Naftali Bennett and Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid are seen on Wednesday evening, as they inform President Reuven Rivlin they have succeeded in forming a government, June 2, 2021. (Courtesy) During the most recent election campaign, Bennett went on TV to sign a pledge not to sit in a government with Lapid or to agree to a rotation agreement with him. “I understood that if I stick to those words, we won’t get Israel out of the chaos. It’s the easiest thing to entrench yourself in every promise, if everyone did that no government would have been formed, and it happened after four elections. I knew I was going to be criticized, and in the choice between what’s good for Israel and this thing, I chose what’s good for Israel,” Bennett said. He said that when he joined forces with centrist and left-wing parties, “I told my kids that their father was going to be the most hated person in the country. But I explained that I was doing it for the sake of their country.” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu seen in the plenum hall of the Israeli parliament during the voting in the presidential elections, in Jerusalem, June 2, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) Netanyahu has accused the nationalist Bennett of seeking to form a left-wing government due to political ambition, and of betraying the right (though Bennett supported Netanyahu’s own efforts to form a government until those failed.) Netanyahu also repeatedly included left-wing parties in his coalitions and negotiated with Ra’am. Asked about Ra’am party leader and new coalition partner Mansour Abbas, whom Bennett repeatedly called a “terror supporter” before the elections, the Yamina leader said, “Mansour Abbas isn’t a terror supporter. I met an honest man and a brave leader who is reaching out and seeking to help Israeli citizens.” Rejecting the suggestion that relying on an Arab Israeli party could weaken the government’s response to terrorism, a claim he has himself made in the past, Bennett insisted that his government would take whatever military action is necessary, including in Gaza, despite its reliance on Ra’am. If the coalition were to fall apart after any such operation, “so be it… there’d be elections.” He said the coalition deal with Ra’am only referred to civil matters, not security issues. Before the elections, Bennett slammed Netanyahu for negotiating with Ra’am’s Abbas, whose party is the political wing of the southern branch of Israel’s Islamic Movement. Mansour Abbas, head of the Ra’am party arrives to coalition talks, at the Maccabiah village in Ramat Gan on June 02, 2021. Photo by Avshalom Sassoni/Flash90 Responding to Netanyahu’s allegations that his government will be left-wing and dangerous to Israel’s security, Bennett hit back, “It wasn’t me who gave up [much of] Hebron [to the Palestinian Authority]. That was Netanyahu. It wasn’t me who released thousands of terrorists and murderers [in the 2011 Gilad Shalit prisoner deal]. That was Netanyahu. We’re establishing a government with people who think a little differently [from the political right]. That’s all.” Bennett, a former head of the Settlers’ Council who favors annexation of much of the West Bank, insisted that the new government would not approve any territorial withdrawals. Yamina party leader Naftali Bennett at a conference of the Srugim news site above the West Bank Bedouin village Khan al-Ahmar on March 21, 2021. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) Asked whether he still considers the Palestinian problem to be akin to “shrapnel in the butt” — a 2013 parallel he drew apparently to indicate that living with it was preferable to the surgery of territorial separation — Bennett said this was “a comment that I would have changed in retrospect.” In fact, he went on, “the national conflict between the State of Israel and the Palestinians is not over land. The Palestinians do not recognize the essence of our existence here, and this will apparently be the case for a long time to come.” His goal, he said, will be to “minimize the conflict. We won’t be able to solve it.” He says he will favor moves to safely improve and ease conditions for the Palestinians — in terms of the economy, freedom of movement and so on– “for a better quality of life.” Reminded that the left-wing parties in his planned coalition see things differently, he said, “We’ll manage.” Denouncing efforts to torpedo its swearing-in, Bennett said he “hopes and believes” the new, eight-party government, which appears to have a slender 61-59 majority in the Knesset, will be safely voted into office in the next few days. Times of Israel staff contributed to this report. 變革集團尋求取代以色列議會發言人;Yamina MK 說他不會退縮 利庫德集團的亞里夫·萊文(Yariv Levin)認為計劃推遲投票批准新政府以吸引脫北者,領導新聯盟試圖將他趕下台,但尼爾·奧爾巴赫拒絕同意 通過TOI人員今天,上午 10:52更新於上午 11:07 2021 年 4 月 6 日,以色列議會發言人亞里夫·萊文 (Yariv Levin) 在第 24 屆以色列議會宣誓就職。 (Alex Kolomoisky/Pool/Flash90) 由 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid 領導的所謂“變革集團”週四立即啟動了新的潛在政府宣誓就職的工作,推動投票盡快更換以色列議會發言人。 取代利庫德集團的亞里夫·萊文的舉動旨在剝奪議長拖延時間對新政府進行信任投票的機會,如果以色列議會批准,將在擔任總理 12 年後將利庫德集團領導人本雅明·內塔尼亞胡趕下台。 然而,在 Lapid 發起的一封信被提交給以色列議會秘書長,要求在周一對新議長進行投票後不久,新議長需要 61 名立法者的簽名,Yamina MK Nir ​​Orbach 一直公開質疑他最初對議長的支持。基礎廣泛的聯盟表示,他正在從反萊文行動中撤回他的名字。 跳過廣告 奧爾巴赫的聲明意味著周一選舉新議長的投票不再有明顯多數,儘管如果反對的 MK 支持它或在投票時缺席,它仍然可以通過。據報導,聯合名單中的一些 MK 週四願意支持這一舉動,但 Gideon Sa'ar 的新希望黨的成員並不准備​​依賴他們的支持。 Yamina MK Nir ​​Orbach 於 2021 年 4 月 6 日抵達耶路撒冷參加第 24 屆以色列議會宣誓就職。(Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) Yamina 負責人 Naftali Bennett 和 Orbach 在宣布聯合協議後和提交信件之前的凌晨舉行了一次“良好”的會議後,將於週四會面。 在給以色列議會秘書長的信中,變革集團要求在定於週一舉行的下一次全體會議的議程上,投票表決以 Yesh Atid MK Mickey Levy 取代萊文作為議長。 一旦議會星期一正式通知拉皮德想在他的聯盟中宣誓,議長就有最多一周的時間來安排投票。“變革集團”擔心萊文確實會尋求將投票推遲到 6 月 14 日,因此希望讓利維代替萊文。 匆忙的時間表突顯了拉皮德新生聯盟的擔憂,即議會成員在政府宣誓就職之前會變得冷漠。 MK Mickey Levy,2017 年 11 月 6 日在以色列議會的財務委員會會議上。(Miriam Alster/Flash90) 所謂的變革聯盟包括從左派到支持解決的右派的廣泛政黨,其中包括伊斯蘭主義的 Ra'am 派系,該派係將成為第一個對組建政府至關重要的阿拉伯政黨。在拉皮德接任剩餘任期之前,貝內特將擔任總理兩年。 利庫德集團及其盟友正在努力說服 120 名 MK 中的 61 名擬議聯盟的右翼成員叛變並拒絕政府獲得必要的多數席位。 Yamina 的 Amichai Chikli 已經宣布他不會支持聯盟,剝奪其第 62 個 MK。週三,奧爾巴赫宣布他可以投票反對新聯盟,這可能會注定它的命運。 內塔尼亞胡和他的政治盟友一直在敦促亞米納的立法者和右翼新希望黨不要與拉皮德組建政府,預計這種壓力將在以色列議會投票舉行前的 12 天內進一步增加。 Yesh Atid 領導人 Yair Lapid(左)、Yamina 領導人 Naftali Bennett(C)和 Ra'am 領導人 Mansour Abbas 於 2021 年 6 月 2 日簽署了聯盟協議(Ra'am 提供) 如果新政府宣誓就職,以色列將自2009年以來首次出現新總理。除了自此連續擔任總理超過12年之外,內塔尼亞胡還在1990年代後期擔任了三年總理。 根據新出現的聯盟協議,拉皮德將在政府的頭兩年擔任外交部長,藍白黨領袖本尼·甘茨將繼續擔任國防部長,國庫將由以色列領導人阿維格多·利伯曼掌管。新希望黨領袖 Gideon Sa'ar 將擔任司法部長,而 Yamina 的 Ayelet Shaked 將擔任內政部長。工黨的梅拉夫·米凱利(Merav Michaeli)獲得了交通部長職務,她的同黨成員奧馬爾·巴列夫(Omer Barlev)將擔任公共安全部長。梅雷茨領導人尼贊霍洛維茨將被任命為衛生部長,而同黨成員塔馬爾贊德伯格將擔任環境保護部長和伊薩維弗雷傑地區合作部長。 最終的聯盟協議尚未正式發布,預計談判將繼續進行,直到宣誓就職。 Change bloc seeks to replace Knesset speaker; Yamina MK says he won’t back move Likud’s Yariv Levin thought planning to delay vote to approve new government in bid to woo defectors, leading new coalition to try to oust him, but Nir Orbach refuses to go along By TOI STAFFToday, 10:52 amUpdated at 11:07 am Knesset Speaker Yariv Levin at the swearing-in of the 24th Knesset on April 6, 2021. (Alex Kolomoisky/Pool/Flash90) The so-called “change bloc” headed by Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid wasted no time Thursday setting the wheels in motion for the new potential government to be sworn in, pushing for a vote for the Knesset speaker to be replaced as soon as possible. The move to replace Likud’s Yariv Levin is designed to deny the speaker the chance to drag his feet on scheduling a confidence vote on the new government, which if approved by the Knesset would oust Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu from power after 12 years as prime minister. However, shortly after a Lapid-initiated letter was submitted to the Knesset’s secretary general demanding a vote on Monday fora new Speaker, with the required signatures of 61 lawmakers, Yamina MK Nir Orbach, who has been openly second-guessing his initial support for the broad-based coalition, said that he was withdrawing his name from the anti-Levin move. Orbach’s announcement meant that a vote to elect a new speaker on Monday no longer has a clear majority, although it could still pass if an opposing MK were to back it or be absent at the time of the vote. Some MKs from the Joint List were reported Thursday to be willing to back the move, but members of Gideon Sa’ar’s New Hope party were not prepared to rely on their support. Yamina MK Nir Orbach arrives for the swearing-in of the 24th Knesset in Jerusalem, April 6, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) Yamina head Naftali Bennett and Orbach were set to meet on Thursday after holding a “good” meeting in the early hours of the morning after the coalition deal was announced and prior to the submission of the letter. In the letter to the Knesset’s secretary general, the change bloc asked that a vote to replace Levin with Yesh Atid MK Mickey Levy as speaker be placed on the agenda at the next plenum session, which is set for Monday. Once the Knesset is formally notified Monday that Lapid wants to swear in his coalition, the Speaker has up to a week to schedule the vote. The “change bloc” fears Levin would indeed seek to push off the vote to June 14, and thus wants to install Levy in Levin’s stead. The rushed timeline underlined fears in Lapid’s nascent coalition that Knesset members will get cold feet before the government is sworn in. MK Mickey Levy, seen during a meeting of the Finance Committee in the Knesset on November 6, 2017. (Miriam Alster/Flash90) The so-called change coalition comprises a wide array of parties from the left to the pro-settlement right and includes the Islamist Ra’am faction, set to be the first Arab party crucial to the formation of a government. It will be led by Bennett as prime minister for two years, before Lapid takes over for the remainder of the term. Likud and its allies are working furiously to convince right-wing members of the proposed coalition of 61 out of 120 MKs to mutiny and deny the government its necessary majority. Yamina’s Amichai Chikli has already announced he will not support the coalition, depriving it of its 62nd MK. On Wednesday, Orbach announced he could vote against the new coalition, potentially dooming it. Netanyahu and his political allies have been pressing lawmakers in Yamina and fellow right-wing New Hope party not to form a government with Lapid, with that pressure expected to further grow in the up-to-12 days before the Knesset vote is held. Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid (L), Yamina leader Naftali Bennett (C) and Ra’am leader Mansour Abbas sign a coalition agreement on June 2, 2021 (Courtesy of Ra’am) If the emerging government is sworn in, Israel will have a new prime minister for the first time since 2009. Along with the over 12 consecutive years he has served as premier since then, Netanyahu was also prime minister for three years in the late 1990s. Under the emerging coalition agreements, Lapid will serve as foreign minister in the first two years of the government, Blue and White leader Benny Gantz will remain defense minister, and the treasury will be held by Yisrael Beytenu leader Avigdor Liberman. New Hope leader Gideon Sa’ar will be justice minister, while Yamina’s Ayelet Shaked will be interior minister. Labor’s Merav Michaeli received the transportation portfolio and her fellow party member Omer Barlev will be public security minister. Meretz leader Nitzan Horowitz will be appointed health minister, while fellow party member Tamar Zandberg will be environmental protection minister and Issawi Frej regional cooperation minister. The final coalition agreements have yet to be formally released and negotiations are expected to continue until the swearing-in. 伊朗外長歡呼內塔尼亞胡被“扔進歷史的垃圾箱” 扎里夫慶祝以色列總理可能被罷免,稱他“加入了反伊朗同謀的可恥旅程” 通過TOI人員今天,晚上 11:14 2020 年 9 月 24 日,伊朗外交部長穆罕默德·賈瓦德·扎里夫在俄羅斯莫斯科的會談中微笑。(俄羅斯外交部新聞處通過美聯社) 雖然大多數世界領導人對以色列未來的新政府的組建保持沉默,等待其宣誓就職,但伊朗外交部長穆罕默德賈瓦德扎里夫週四公開慶祝本傑明內塔尼亞胡總理可能被罷免。 扎里夫在推特上寫道,內塔尼亞胡已經加入了美國前總統唐納德特朗普及其政府的幾位強硬官員的行列,他們被“扔進了歷史的垃圾箱”。 “內塔尼亞胡加入了他的反伊朗同謀的可恥旅程,”扎里夫寫道。 “伊朗繼續屹立不倒。對於所有希望伊朗人受到傷害的人來說,這種命運已經重演了幾千年,”他補充說。“是時候改變路線了。” 是的 Atid 黨領袖 Yair Lapid 週三通知總統 Reuven Rivlin,他能夠組建一個政府,在該政府中,他和 Yamina 的首領 Naftali Bennett 將不再擔任總理,以取代以色列任職時間最長的領導人。 如果新政府宣誓就職,以色列將自2009年以來首次出現新總理。除了自此連續擔任總理超過12年之外,內塔尼亞胡還在1990年代後期擔任了三年總理。 內塔尼亞胡在任期間一直將解決伊朗問題作為一項重要的外交政策優先事項,指責伊朗伊斯蘭共和國追求核武器並推動對它進行全球製裁。 內塔尼亞胡在周二的儀式上發表講話,即將離任的局長約西·科恩將摩薩德情報機構的控制權移交給他的繼任者大衛·巴尼亞,內塔尼亞胡說,以色列必須“做一切,但做一切,以確保伊朗在任何情況下都不能武裝自己與核武器。 2021 年 6 月 1 日,總理本傑明·內塔尼亞胡 (Benjamin Netanyahu) 在一個儀式上致辭,將摩薩德情報機構的控制權從即將離任的主任約西·科恩手中移交給他的繼任者大衛·巴尼亞。 (Koby Gideon/GPO) “對我們最大的威脅是伊朗試圖用核武器武裝自己所帶來的生存威脅,”他說。 他說,面對在與美國建立關係或壓制伊朗之間的選擇,“消除生存威脅佔上風”。 內塔尼亞胡說,無論伊朗是直接以核打擊中的破壞威脅來威脅以色列,還是以核威脅為後盾的數万枚常規火箭,“這種威脅都威脅著猶太復國主義事業的繼續,並且我們必須無休止地對抗這種威脅。” Iran’s foreign minister cheers Netanyahu being sent ‘to the dustbin of history’ Zarif celebrates Israeli premier’s potential ouster, says he has ‘joined the disgraceful journey of his anti-Iran co-conspirators’ By TOI STAFFToday, 11:14 pm Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif smiles during talks in Moscow, Russia, September 24, 2020. (Russian Foreign Ministry Press Service via AP) While most world leaders have remained quiet on the formation of Israel’s prospective new government, waiting until it is sworn in, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif publicly celebrated Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s potential ouster Thursday. Writing on Twitter, Zarif said Netanyahu had joined former US president Donald Trump and several of his administration’s hardline officials who were sent “to the dustbin of history.” “Netanyahu has joined the disgraceful journey of his anti-Iran co-conspirators,” Zarif wrote. “Iran continues to stand tall. This destiny has been repeated over several millennia for all those wishing Iranians harm,” he added. “Time to change course.” Yeah Atid party leader Yair Lapid on Wednesday informed President Reuven Rivlin he was able to form a government in which he and Yamina chief Naftali Bennett will switch off as prime minister, positioning themselves to replace Israel’s longest-serving leader. If the emerging government is sworn in, Israel will have a new prime minister for the first time since 2009. Along with the over 12 consecutive years he has served as premier since then, Netanyahu was also prime minister for three years in the late 1990s. Throughout his time in office, Netanyahu has made tackling Iran a key foreign policy priority, accusing the Islamic Republic of pursuing nuclear weapons and pushing for punishing global sanctions against it. Speaking at a Tuesday ceremony at which control of the Mossad intelligence agency was handed over from outgoing director Yossi Cohen to his replacement David Barnea, Netanyahu said Israel must “do everything, but everything, in order to ensure that under no circumstances can Iran arms itself with nuclear weapons. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressing a ceremony to hand over control of the Mossad intelligence agency from outgoing director Yossi Cohen to his replacement David Barnea, June 1, 2021. (Koby Gideon/GPO) “The greatest threat against us is the existential threat which is presented by Iran’s attempt to arm itself with nuclear weapons,” he said. Faced with a choice between relations with the US or neutralizing Iran, “the elimination of the existential threat prevails,” he said. Netanyahu said that whether Iran menaces Israel directly with the threat of destruction in a nuclear strike, or with tens of thousands of conventional rockets that are backed up by a nuclear threat, “it is a threat that threatens the continuation of the Zionist enterprise, and we must fight this threat endlessly.” 高等法院針對內塔尼亞胡的請願書敦促任命 35 名大使和領事 今天,晚上 9:59 據瓦拉新聞網站報導,質量政府運動和一個外交部僱員工會已向高等法院提起上訴,反對總理本雅明·內塔尼亞胡 (Benjamin Netanyahu),要求其將 35 名大使和領事的任命擱置半年以上。 他們要求法院發布命令,迫使內塔尼亞胡解釋為什麼他沒有批准這些任命,其中包括大約三分之一的以色列外交使團的外交官。 請願者說,目前的局勢嚴重損害了以色列的關係,並引發了對總理“別有用心”的懷疑。 High Court petition against Netanyahu urges appointment of 35 ambassadors, consuls Today, 9:59 pm The Movement for Quality Government and a union of Foreign Ministry employees have filed a High Court petition against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for holding up the appointment of 35 ambassadors and consuls for over half a year, the Walla news site reports. They demand that the court issue an order forcing Netanyahu to explain why he has not been approving the appointments, which include diplomats in about one-third of Israel’s diplomatic missions. The petitioners say the current situation is significantly harming Israel’s relations and raises the suspicion the premier has “ulterior motives.” 7,500 人在嚴密安全的耶路撒冷驕傲遊行中游行 警察在首都的街道上為年度活動提供支持;2名青少年因張貼反對事件的海報而被拘留;反同性戀 Lehava 團體示威反對參與者 通過TOI人員今天,晚上 9:04 2021 年 6 月 3 日,成千上萬的人參加了在耶路撒冷舉行的一年一度的同性戀驕傲遊行。 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 星期四晚上,約有 7,500 人在耶路撒冷舉行的一年一度的驕傲遊行中高呼平等,並高舉支持 LGBT 權利的色彩鮮豔的標語。 在對參與者進行致命襲擊六年後,超過 3,000 名警察確保了這場高度緊張的活動。 要求 LGBT 平等的活動始於為 Shira Banki 的儀式祈禱,她在 2015 年 16 歲時在遊行期間被極端正統派極端分子刺死。 首都市中心的許多街道被關閉,數千名值班警察確保了遊行的路線。 2021 年 6 月 3 日,成千上萬的人參加了在耶路撒冷舉行的一年一度的同性戀驕傲遊行。 (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 從城市的自由鍾公園到獨立公園的 2.5 公里(1.55 英里)遊行於下午 2:30 開始,標誌著以色列驕傲月活動的開始。 一年一度的活動是該市充滿活力的 LGBT 社區的一大亮點,該社區經常被特拉維夫對同性戀友好的形象所掩蓋,並受到首都始終存在的宗教和政治緊張局勢的困擾。 由於 COVID-19 大流行,遊行去年沒有繼續進行,即使在今年,組織者也取消了在獨立公園舉行的通常會結束活動的群眾活動。 當數千人擠滿首都的街道時,極右翼和反同性戀 Lehava 組織的成員舉行了一場小型示威遊行,抗議遊行。 右翼激進分子於 2021 年 6 月 3 日在耶路撒冷抗議一年一度的同性戀驕傲遊行。 (Noam Revkin Fenton/Flash90) 警方表示,在安全準備期間,兩名 17 歲的青少年因涉嫌在遊行隊伍中懸掛標誌而被拘留,並補充說,在這些青少年身上還發現了數十個額外的標誌。沒有提供有關其內容的詳細信息。 週三警方逮捕了一名耶路撒冷居民,因為他威脅要殺死參加活動的參與者。耶路撒冷地方法院將嫌疑人的還押期限延長至週五。據報導,嫌疑人為警方所知,過去曾因威脅而被捕。據第 12 頻道新聞報導,警方懷疑他有心理健康問題,並補充說法院命令將他送去檢查。 2015 年,Shira Banki 在遊行期間被刺死,另外幾人被一名極端正統派男子傷害,該男子幾週前因襲擊前一次遊行而服刑後獲釋。 沿途,遊行者在班基被刺傷的Keren Hayesod街上停下來獻花。 2021 年 6 月 3 日在耶路撒冷舉行的同性戀驕傲遊行中,人們看著 Shira Banki 的照片,他在 2015 年的遊行中被一名極端正統派極端分子殺害。(Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) 遊行舉行之際,維權人士對以色列議會以及潛在聯盟中的反 LGBT 立法者表示擔憂。 在敲定進入下一個聯盟的協議後,伊斯蘭黨領袖曼蘇爾·阿巴斯週四發誓反對任何支持 LGBT 權利的舉措,此前梅雷茨黨領袖尼贊霍洛維茨表示同性婚姻是聯盟的一部分交易。 此外,現在控制著以色列議會六個席位的極右翼宗教猶太復國主義政黨擁有三名公開反對 LGBT 權利的成員:諾姆派領導人阿維·毛茲,以及伊塔馬爾·本·格維爾和領導人 MK Bezalel Smotrich,該黨的組織者2006 年耶路撒冷的“野獸遊行”,驕傲遊行的宗教反對者與驢同行。 7,500 march in Jerusalem Pride Parade under heavy security Police bolstered on capital’s streets for annual event; 2 teens detained for putting up posters against event; anti-gay Lehava group demonstrates against participants By TOI STAFFToday, 9:04 pm · Thousands of people take part in the annual Gay Pride Parade in Jerusalem, June 3, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) Chanting for equality and holding aloft brightly painted signs supporting LGBT rights, some 7,500 people marched in Jerusalem’s annual pride parade Thursday evening. Over 3,000 police officers secured the highly charged event, six years after a deadly attack on participants. The event demanding LGBT equality began with a ceremonial prayer for Shira Banki, who was stabbed to death by an ultra-Orthodox extremist during the 2015 parade when she was 16 years old. 2 Many streets in the capital’s city center were closed and the thousands of police officers on duty secured the parade’s route. Thousands of people take part in the annual Gay Pride Parade in Jerusalem, June 3, 2021. (Olivier Fitoussi/ Flash90) The 2.5-kilometer (1.55 miles) march, from the city’s Liberty Bell Park to Independence Park, began at 2:30 p.m., signaling the start of pride month events in Israel. The annual event is a highlight for the city’s vibrant LGBT community, which is often overshadowed by Tel Aviv’s gay-friendly persona and beset by religious and political tensions ever-present in the capital. The parade did not go ahead last year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and even this year, organizers canceled a mass event at Independence Park that usually concludes the event. As thousands filled the capital’s streets, a small demonstration protesting the parade was held by members of the far-right and anti-gay Lehava organization. Right wing activists demonstrate against the annual Gay Pride parade in Jerusalem, on June 3, 2021. (Noam Revkin Fenton/Flash90) Amid the security preparations, two 17-year-olds were detained on suspicion of hanging signs against the parade, police said, adding that dozens of additional signs were found in the teens’ possession. No details were given on their content. On Wednesday police arrested a Jerusalem resident after he threatened to kill participants at the event. The Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court extended the suspect’s remand until Friday. The suspect is reportedly known to police and has been arrested in the past for making threats. Police suspect he has mental health issues, Channel 12 news reported, adding that the court ordered him sent for an examination. In 2015, Shira Banki was stabbed to death during the parade, and several others were injured by an ultra-Orthodox man who had been released from prison just a few weeks earlier, after serving time for attacking a previous parade. Along the route, marchers stopped to lay flowers at the spot on Keren Hayesod Street where Banki was stabbed. People at the Gay Pride Parade in Jerusalem on June 3, 2021, look at a photo of Shira Banki, murdered by an ultra-Orthodox extremist at the march in 2015. (Olivier Fitoussi/Flash90) The parade came as rights activists have raised concerns about anti-LGBT lawmakers in the Knesset, as well as in the potential coalition. Upon sealing a deal to enter the next coalition, the head of the Islamist Ra’am party Mansour Abbas on Thursday vowed to oppose any moves to bolster LGBT rights, after Meretz party head Nitzan Horowitz said that same-sex marriage was part of the coalition deal. Additionally, the far-right Religious Zionism party, which now controls six seats in the Knesset, has three members openly hostile to LGBT rights: Avi Maoz, leader of the Noam faction, and Itamar Ben Gvir and leader MK Bezalel Smotrich, organizers of the 2006 “beast march” in Jerusalem, in which religious opponents of the Pride March walked with donkeys. 僑民部長敦促“正式承認”自由派猶太人流 會見美國改革領導人,奧馬爾·揚克列維奇呼籲以色列更多地承認非正統教派 通過TOI人員今天,下午 5:56 改革和保守運動領袖在耶路撒冷西牆,2016 年 11 月 2 日。(由以色列進步猶太教運動提供) 週四與美國改革猶太人領袖會面,僑民事務部長奧馬爾·揚克列維奇呼籲以色列正式承認自由派猶太人流。 “在他們的會議上,揚克列維奇部長呼籲以色列增加對改革運動和其他進步猶太人流的認可和投資,”僑民事務部的一份聲明說。 如果潛在的“更迭政府”宣誓就職,揚克列維奇將很快辭去部長職務,他在耶路撒冷會見了猶太改革聯盟主席拉比里克雅各布斯和其他訪問以色列的改革領導人。 “當我總結我的立場並展望未來時,前進的道路是清晰的。以色列必須在我們與世界猶太人建立的相互對話的基礎上,正式承認自由猶太人的做法和利益,並作為合作夥伴直接與相關利益相關者合作,”這位部長說。 “以色列必須投資於世界猶太人。這項投資必須包括猶太人民的所有部分,包括改革運動。作為 Haredi 部長專注於將所有聲音帶到談判桌上,我理解投資改革社區的重要性。這項工作只能隨著下一屆政府繼續和擴大。” 從左到右:Yair Lotstein、僑民事務部長 Omer Yankelevitch、Jennifer Brodkey Kaufman、Rabbi Rick Jacobs 和 Rabbi Josh Weinberg 於 2021 年 6 月 3 日在耶路撒冷議會。(僑民事務部) 去年成為以色列首位女性極端正統派部長的揚克列維奇在 3 月 23 日的選舉之前宣布,她將離開國防部長本尼·甘茨 (Benny Gantz) 的藍白黨並退出政壇。如果可能推翻本雅明·內塔尼亞胡總理的新興政府獲得議會批准,僑民事務部將與工黨議員聯繫,中左翼政黨的改革拉比 MK Gilad Kariv 將成為該職位的候選人。 她在周四發表評論之前,高等法院於 3 月將以色列的改革和保守派轉變為公民身份合法化。 這一重磅決定打破了東正教對以色列官方承認的皈依的長期壟斷。 Diaspora minister urges ‘formal acknowledgement’ of liberal Jewish streams Meeting US Reform leaders, Omer Yankelevich calls for Israel to give greater recognition to non-Orthodox denominations By TOI STAFFToday, 5:56 pm Leaders of the Reform and Conservative movements at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, November 2, 2016. (Courtesy Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism) Meeting with American Reform Jewish leaders, Diaspora Affairs Minister Omer Yankelevitch on Thursday called for Israel to formally acknowledge liberal Jewish streams. “In their meeting, Minister Yankelevitch called for increased recognition and investment by Israel in the Reform movement and other progressive Jewish streams,” a Diaspora Affairs Ministry statement said. Yankelevitch, who is set to step down as minister soon if the potential “change government” is sworn in, met in Jerusalem with Union for Reform Judaism president Rabbi Rick Jacobs and other Reform leaders visiting Israel. “As I conclude my position and look ahead, the path forward is clear. Israel must build on the mutual dialogue that we have fostered with world Jewry, formally acknowledge liberal Jewish practice and interests, and work directly with relevant stakeholders as partners,” the minister was quoted as saying. “Israel must invest in world Jewry. This investment must include all parts of the Jewish people, including the Reform movement. As a Haredi minister focused on bringing all voices to the table, I understand the importance of investing in the Reform community. This work must only continue and expand with the next government.” From left to right: Yair Lotstein, Diaspora Affairs Minister Omer Yankelevitch, Jennifer Brodkey Kaufman, Rabbi Rick Jacobs, and Rabbi Josh Weinberg at the Knesset in Jerusalem on June 3, 2021. (Diaspora Affairs Ministry) Yankelevich, who became Israel’s first-ever female ultra-Orthodox minister last year, announced ahead of the March 23 elections that she was leaving Defense Minister Benny Gantz’s Blue and White party and quitting politics. The Diaspora Affairs Ministry is slated to go to a Labor lawmaker if the emerging government that will potentially oust Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is approved by the Knesset, with the center-left party’s MK Gilad Kariv, a Reform rabbi, a candidate for the post. Her comments Thursday came after a High Court of Justice in March legitimized Reform and Conservative conversions in Israel for the purpose of citizenship. The bombshell decision shattered the longstanding Orthodox monopoly on officially recognized conversions in Israel. Jacobs, the US Reform leader, at the time said the ruling “was years in the making and reflects the diversity and vibrancy of Jewish life in Israel and around the world,” while expressing hope it would lead to further recognition of the Reform and Conservative movements.

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