*第三季*【EP. 82】#372 經濟學人新聞評論【華為、特許權使用費/權利金、英國擴充軍備、印太地區、中國的“系統性挑戰”、歐洲惡鄰:俄羅斯、荷蘭政治、荷蘭大小事】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
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🔴Wednesday March 17th 2021 🔵2021年3月17日星期三 1️⃣Huawei: retrieving the net 華為:收網時間到了 Huawei recorded its biggest-ever annual increase in the number of active patents it owns, from just over 85,000 in 2019 to more than 100,000 last year. The Chinese telecoms giant, which holds more 5G patents than any other company in the world, plans to start charging other smartphone makers a royalty to use its technology. 華為所擁有之有效專利數量呈現有史以來最大的年度增長,從 2019年的 85,000多件增加到去年的 100,000多件。這家中國電信巨頭坐擁比世界上任何其他公司更多的 5G 專利,而該公司計劃開始向其他智慧型手機製造商收取使用其技術的授權使用費 (或稱:特許權使用費、權利金)。 2️⃣Britain arms UP! 英國擴充軍備! The British government said it will raise the cap on its nuclear weapons stockpile by 40% and increase its focus on the Indo-Pacific region, as part of a big post-Brexit foreign-policy overhaul. Britain also pledged to do more to combat the “systemic challenge” of China—but named Russia as the most “acute threat” to national security. 英國政府表示欲擴充其核武儲備量 (依現存) 四成之多以作為英國脫歐後之外交政策大改革的一部分,並增加對印太地區的關注。英國還承諾將做更多以應對中國的“系統性挑戰”,但仍將俄羅斯列為對國家安全最大的“急性威脅”。 3️⃣Political prognosis: Dutch elections 政治診斷:荷蘭大選 The Netherlands often serves as a bellwether for European political trends because it is so easy for new parties to get into parliament. At least 15 parties in total are expected to make the cut after today’s elections. There is little doubt that the centre-right liberals will win, and that their leader, Prime Minister Mark Rutte, will serve a fourth term. The Party for Freedom, run by Geert Wilders, an anti-Muslim populist, will probably come next. The main question is who will be in third place: the centre-right Christian Democrats or the progressive D66 party, which has been rising in the polls. Both are likely to stay in the coalition government, and more votes will mean more influence. One newcomer is Volt, a pan-European, pro-EU party which polls suggest will probably win at least one seat. Still, parties on the left will be lucky to win a third of the votes—not least because Mr Rutte has recently moved towards the centre. 由於新興政黨進入國會的條件相對簡易,荷蘭時常扮演著歐洲政治趨勢的領頭羊。在今天的選舉過後,總共最少有十五個政黨將有望跨過門檻 (並得以進到國會)。中間偏右的自由派幾乎將在沒有懸念之下贏得這次的選舉,而自由民主人民黨 (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie,VVD) 黨魁,同時亦為現任荷蘭總理的呂特 (Mark Rutte) 將因此迎來第四個任期。由反穆斯林的民粹領袖 Geert Wilders 所領軍的「自由黨 (Partij voor de Vrijheid,PVV)」則將居於第二。惟主要的問題在搶下第三的,究竟是中右派的基督教民主黨,亦或是作風更為進步且民調持續上揚的「民主66黨 (Democraten 66,D66)」。不過兩者都很可能參與 (共組) 聯合政府,畢竟投票權越多,影響力就越大。根據民調顯示,親歐盟的泛歐洲政黨 Volt Europa 也可能搶下一席,成為國會的新兵。然而,尤其 (現任荷蘭總理) 呂特的立場已漸漸地擺回中間 (派),因此左派政黨將能幸運地搜刮 1/3 的選票。

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