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*第四季*【EP. 157】#498 看經濟學人學英文 feat. 經濟學人新聞評論【海地 (Haiti)、憲法修正 (修憲)、命令統治 (rule by decree)、民主赤字 (democratic deficit)、每日單字精選】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-07-04
30:53
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💪您的一杯咖啡錢 = 我們遠大的目標!捐款支持我們:https://pse.is/3jknpx 🔴Monday June 28th 2021 🔵2021年6月28日星期一 🔱Espresso - Today’s agenda 每日濃縮 - 今日頭條 🚫🇭🇹🚫No way out: Haiti in crisis 無路可走:四面悲歌的海地 Haitians were meant to vote on a new constitution yesterday. But the government postponed the poll, ostensibly because of covid-19. Everyone agrees the document needs changing, yet few will accept anything proposed by President Jovenel Moïse, who rules the country by decree. Opponents say Mr Moïse’s term ended in February, five years after his predecessor left office. He says the clock started when he took power, giving him until February 2022. A democratic deficit and covid-19 are not Haiti’s only problems. Gang violence, often linked to politicians, has risen, driving 8,500 women and children from their homes in the first two weeks of June, according to the United Nations. The economy is struggling. And now hurricane season has started, many fear a big storm could add to growing poverty and malnutrition. America is urging that both presidential and parliamentary elections be held in September. Many Haitians think they should, like the referendum, be delayed. 原本海地 (Haiti,一我國位於中美洲之友邦) 在昨天預計舉行的修憲公投,很明顯地由於新冠疫情而被政府推遲。所有當地人都同意 (海地) 憲法需要有所修訂,但由於該國總統 Jovenel Moïse 目前是依照命令統治 (rule by decree,即統治者的命令即是法律、擁有至高無上的權力,常見於威/極權國家) 處理國政,因此願意支持總統所提之修憲版本的人微乎其微。反對派指出,從前任下野的五年前開始計算,Jovenel Moïse 的任期應該在今年二月就結束了,但他本人卻認為自己的任期計算應該從真正掌權才開始。但海地面臨的問題絕非只有民主赤字 (democratic deficit,指民主政府的運作或實踐已無法滿足基層之需求,而其與人民之間的鴻溝變得越來越大) 與新冠疫情。時常與政客有所連結的黑幫暴力事件持續爆發,根據聯合國統計,已有 8,500名婦幼被迫使在 (今年) 六月的頭兩週流離失所,而 (該國) 經濟狀況亦吃緊。現在颶風季又即將來臨,許多人憂心隨便一顆強颶風的襲擊都可能為既有的貧窮與營養不良等問題雪上加霜。美國正敦促海地應於 (今年) 九月舉行總統與國會大選,而許多海地人則認為,這些選舉很可能會像修憲公投一樣,再度被展延。 ⚜️Daily takeaway⚜️ 每日單字精選 ✅Postpone (v.): 推遲、延後 (動) ✅Ostensibly (adv.): 表面上地 (副) ✅Decree (n.): 法令、詔令 (名) ✅Predecessor (n.): 前任者 (名) ✅Deficit (n.): 赤字、虧損 (名) ✅Struggle (v./n.): 掙扎/奮鬥 (動)、鬥爭 (名) ✅Hurricane (n.): 颶風 (名) ✅Poverty (n.): 貧窮、貧困 (名) ✅Malnutrition (n.): 營養不良 (名) ✅Parliamentary (adj.): 國會的、議會的 (形) — ✔︎ 按讚【每日一經濟學人】Facebook 粉專:https://reurl.cc/Lddode ✔︎ 追蹤【每日一經濟學人】Instagram 帳號:https://reurl.cc/Oqqoq3 ✔︎ 訂閱【每日一經濟學人】YouTube 頻道:https://reurl.cc/Y665dX ✔︎ 閱讀【每日一經濟學人】Medium 平台:https://reurl.cc/k00WZr — 🔶如有商業合作或業務需求,請洽:leontheeconomist@gmail.com 🔴如影音內容有誤,歡迎來信勘誤:leontheeconomist@gmail.com

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