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*第四季*【EP. 166】#511 看經濟學人學英文 feat. 經濟學人新聞評論【蘇丹 vs. 南蘇丹、達佛戰爭 (War in Darfur)、南蘇丹內戰 (丁卡人 vs. 努爾人)、傅利曼 - 資本主義與自由、每日單字精選】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-07-15
26:06
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💪您的一杯咖啡錢 = 我們遠大的目標!捐款支持我們:https://pse.is/3jknpx 👍Chester 老師 - 英文文法與寫作班,等你/妳來報名:https://reurl.cc/Gmaxod 👍Leon 老師 - 總編輯家教班,等你/妳來報名:https://reurl.cc/o9OaZM 🔴Friday July 9th 2021 🔵2021年7月9日星期五 🔱Espresso - Today’s agenda 每日濃縮 - 今日頭條 ⬇️🇸🇸⬇️Gone south: South Sudan at ten 每況愈下:南蘇丹建國十週年 South Sudan was born in a flurry of optimism. Today, on its tenth anniversary, things look less rosy. Salva Kiir, the president, has ruled since independence from Sudan. His party has proven to be murderous, larcenous and incompetent. Few outside the political elite have benefited from statehood. The country’s Western backers share some blame. Woefully naive American officials handed out Milton Friedman’s “Capitalism and Freedom” to warlords preparing to swap their uniforms for suits. Globally, South Sudan is the sixth-hardest place to do business, according to the World Bank, and it comes last on Transparency International’s corruption index. There is some reason for cautious optimism. A fragile deal that ended South Sudan’s five-year civil war in 2018 has quelled tribal conflicts. Diplomats hope it can be parlayed into a power-sharing agreement. But what is really needed is Mr Kiir’s resignation. That seems unlikely. 十年前,在一片樂觀情緒中誕生的南蘇丹 (South Sudan,位於非洲東北部),如今在其慶祝建國十週年的日子上卻看起來不這麼興致高昂。自從脫離蘇丹 (Sudan,亦位於非洲東北部) 獨立以來便掌權至今的總統 Salva Kiir 所屬的執政黨一再地證明他們本身的兇殘、貪腐與無能。除了政治菁英外,幾乎沒什麼人可以從 (南蘇丹) 建國中受惠。當然,南蘇丹的西方支持者也有一些責任。天真無比的美國官員們以為可以把芝加哥大學教授傅利曼 (Milton Friedman) 的《資本主義與自由 (Capitalism and Freedom)》思想傳播給準備換穿西裝的軍閥。但根據世界銀行 (World Bank) 的數據,南蘇丹名列全球最難做生意排行榜第六名,並且在國際透明組織 (Transparency International) 的貪腐指數中更排名最後。不過呢,謹慎樂觀還是有其道理的。一紙在 2018年結束南蘇丹長達五年內戰、但效力薄弱的協議,平息了部落之間的衝突。外交人員們希望它可以慢慢變成一項權力分享協議,但 Salva Kiir 的辭職才是關鍵。但這似乎不太可能。 ⚜️Daily takeaway⚜️ 每日單字精選 ✅Optimism (n.): 樂觀 (名) ✅Rosy (adj.): 紅潤的、美好的 (形) ✅Murderous (adj.): 兇殘的 (形) ✅Incompetent (adj.): 無能的 (形) ✅Woefully (adv.): 可悲地 (副) ✅Capitalism (n.): 資本主義 (名) ✅Warlord (n.): 軍閥 (名) ✅Index (n.): 指數、索引 (名) ✅Cautious (adj.): 謹慎的、小心的 (形) ✅Fragile (adj.): 脆弱的、易碎的 (形) ✅Unlikely (adv.): 不太可能地 (副) — ✔︎ 按讚【每日一經濟學人】Facebook 粉專:https://reurl.cc/Lddode ✔︎ 追蹤【每日一經濟學人】Instagram 帳號:https://reurl.cc/Oqqoq3 ✔︎ 訂閱【每日一經濟學人】YouTube 頻道:https://reurl.cc/Y665dX ✔︎ 閱讀【每日一經濟學人】Medium 平台:https://reurl.cc/k00WZr — 🔶如有商業合作或業務需求,請洽:leontheeconomist@gmail.com 🔴如影音內容有誤,歡迎來信勘誤:leontheeconomist@gmail.com

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