*第二季*【EP. 31】#290 經濟學人新聞評論【美國的振興方案與措施、歐洲央行、股利分紅、阿拉伯之春、中東地區、突尼西亞、埃及、利比亞、葉門、敘利亞、內戰、難民危機】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
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🔴Thursday December 17th 2020 🔵2020年12月17日星期四 1️⃣America’s congressional leaders said that they were close to agreement on new stimulus legislation to reduce the economic pain caused by the covid-19 pandemic. Thought to be worth around $900bn, the deal would include fresh cheques for individuals and families as well as extended unemployment benefits… 美國國會 (兩院) 中的領導要角們表示他們將很快就新的 (經濟) 振興/刺激之立法達成協議,進以減輕新冠病毒大流行所造成的經濟損失。該協議價值約 9,000億美元,包含向個人以及家庭發放支票以及延伸失業救濟/補貼… 2️⃣The European Central Bank lifted its ban on payouts by banks to their shareholders, but said they should be limited to one-third of pre-pandemic levels… 歐洲央行取消了 (歐洲) 銀行向其股東支付股利/分紅之禁令,但表示應將其 (股利/分紅) 限制在疫情大流行前之水平的三分之一… 3️⃣Ten years have passed since Muhammad Bouazizi, a Tunisian street pedlar, set himself ablaze to protest against the corrupt police who confiscated his wares. His self-immolation, on December 17th 2010, is widely seen as the spark that ignited the Arab spring, a wave of revolutionary protest that swept across the Middle East. Dictators who had looked invulnerable fell, one after the other: first, in Tunisia and Egypt; later, in Libya and Yemen. But revolution soon gave way to a sort of Thermidorian reaction… 一名叫穆罕默德布瓦吉吉 (Muhammad Bouazizi) 的突尼西亞 (Tunisia,位在北非) 街頭小販以自焚抗議腐敗警察沒收他的商品之事件已經過了十年。此發生在 2010年12月17日的自殺事件被普遍認為是「阿拉伯之春」運動的引爆點。這場革命示威運動橫掃了整個中東地區。看似無堅不摧的獨裁者們相繼殞落,先是突尼西亞與埃及 (Egypt),後來則是利比亞 (Libya) 與葉門 (Yemen)。不過類似法國熱月政變 (Thermidorian reaction,指法國在大革命後,反動派對羅伯斯比爾恐怖統治的反撲) 之情節很快地就接替了這場革命運動…

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