*第三季*【EP. 37】#301 經濟學人新聞評論【中國經濟、經濟與商業研究中心、新冠疫情 vs. 世界經濟、英國脫歐協議、貿易談判、自由貿易、零關稅、魔鬼藏在細節裡、2021年的世界、全球化戛然而止、數位革命加速、美中地緣政治、人類不平等、氣候變遷】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
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🔴Monday December 28th 2020 🔵2020年12月28日星期一 1️⃣Will China really surpass America in economy? 中國的經濟真的會超越美國的嗎? China will surpass America as the world’s largest economy in 2028, five years sooner than previously estimated, according to a new report by the Centre for Economics and Business Research, a think-tank. The accelerated timeline is because of the two countries’ contrasting responses to the economic damage wrought by covid-19. 經濟與商業研究中心 (Centre for Economics and Business Research,一智庫) 的最新報告顯示,到了 2028年,中國將超越美國成為世界第一大經濟體,比原先的預估還早了 5年。時程表的加快是因為兩國對新冠病毒所造成的經濟損失做出了不同的應對。 2️⃣Brexit: there is a deal, finally! 英國脫歐:協議出來了,終於! Having reached a trade deal with the EU, the British government sought to sell it to the people. Boris Johnson, the prime minister, boasted of having secured free trade without being “drawn into [the EU’s] regulatory or legislative orbit”. The finance minister, Rishi Sunak, spoke of making the City of London “the most attractive place to list new companies anywhere in the world”. 與歐盟達成了 (脫歐後的) 貿易協議後呢,英國政府試圖將其 (該貿易協議) 兜售給英國人民。英國首相強森 (Boris Johnson) 自吹在沒有“陷入[歐盟的]監管或立法軌跡”的情況下確保守住了自由貿易。英國財政大臣薩納克 (Rishi Sunak) 談及將使 (英國首都) 倫敦成為“世界上最有吸引力的地方來上市新公司”。 3️⃣After the crisis, opportunity: The World in 2021 危機過後的轉機:2021年的世界 A once-in-a-century pandemic has created the opportunity for an economic and social reset. The big question for 2021 is whether politicians are bold enough to grasp it. Covid-19 has not just pummelled the global economy. It has changed the trajectory of the three big forces shaping the modern world. Globalisation has been truncated. The digital revolution has radically accelerated. And the geopolitical rivalry between America and China has intensified. At the same time, the pandemic has worsened one of today’s great scourges: inequality. And it has focused more minds on the coming century’s inevitable and even higher-impact disaster: climate change. All this means that there is no going back to the pre-covid world. America, once again, will have a disproportionate ability to shape the post-pandemic world. The question is whether President Biden will take it. There is a risk of inaction, timidity and stasis. For America and the world, that would be a terrible shame. 百年難逢的疫病創造了一個經濟與社會重啟的機會。2021年的主要問題是政治人物們是否能足夠大膽地抓住這個機會。新冠疫情不只重創了全球經濟,它也改變了三股塑造現今世界樣貌巨大力量的演進路線:全球化戛然而止、數位革命從根本上加速、美中之間的地緣政治競爭則更為劇烈。與此同時,疫病也惡化了當今世界上最大的禍害:不平等。再者,它使更多人將目光投向了下個世紀不可避免,甚至影響更大的災難:氣候變遷。所有這些問題意謂著我們將回不到疫情前的世界了。美國將再次承擔不成比例之責任以塑造疫情後的世界,但問題是美國總統拜登是否會接受。不作為、膽怯和停滯的風險仍然存在著,而對於美國和世界來說,這就真的太可惜了。

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