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*第三季*【EP. 43】#309 經濟學人新聞評論【美中台三方、義大利政治、歐盟新冠復甦基金、義大利萬歲黨、北義 vs. 南義、美國期中選舉、參眾兩院、喬治亞州、美國兩黨之選民結構】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
2021-01-13
21:21
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🔴Thursday January 7th 2021 🔵2021年1月7日星期四 1️⃣US feat. Taiwan v. China: over and over again… 美國 feat. 台灣 vs. 中國:一而再、再而三的戲碼… In an unusual move, America published the schedule of planned talks with Taiwan, which will start online today. Discussions are expected to focus on development, military co-operation and arms deals. China objects to communication between the two, especially on military and political matters, because such talks undermine its assertion that Taiwan is part of its territory. 一項不尋常的舉動是美國發佈了與台灣計畫會談的時間表,而該計畫將從今天開始執行/上線。預計的討論將集中在發展、軍事合作以及軍購案上。中國反對美台之間的交流,特別是在軍事以及政治事務上,因為這樣的會談破壞/削弱了中國聲稱台灣是其 (神聖不可分割的) 領土一部分之主張。 2️⃣Italian politics: always in some kind of peril… 義大利政治:總是處於某種危機之中… A squabble over how Italy should spend its share of the EU’s covid-recovery fund threatens to derail the country’s government. Italia Viva, a junior party in the coalition headed by Giuseppe Conte, is demanding that the government overhaul its economic plan and invest more in health care. Italia Viva has only 48 out of 945 seats in parliament, but that is enough to strip Mr Conte’s government of its majority. 義大利國會對關於該國應如何運用被分配到的歐盟新冠復甦基金發生激烈的爭辯,而此舉恐將危及政府的正常運作。與總理孔蒂 (Giuseppe Conte) 共組聯合政府的新興政黨 - 義大利萬歲黨 (Italia Viva) 要求政府應該終止其經濟方案並轉向對健保挹注更多的經費。雖然該黨只在該國參眾兩院共 945個席次中佔了 48席,但這足以使 (義大利總理) 孔蒂的政府喪失其國會中的多數 (席次)。 3️⃣Flipping the Senate: Democrats in Georgia 翻轉參議院:喬治亞州的民主黨人 Just two months after Georgia gave its electoral votes to a Democratic presidential candidate for the first time since 1992, it flipped its two Senate seats. Raphael Warnock, an African-American preacher at Martin Luther King junior’s former church, defeated Kelly Loeffler. Jon Ossoff, a 33-year-old Jewish film-maker, beat David Perdue. Both lead their defeated rivals by margins that are bigger than the threshold required to trigger a recount. Run-off elections such as these usually favour Republicans, whose voters tend to be older, wealthier and more reliable. But this year Democrats managed to turn out their base—particularly African-Americans. The two wins would give Democrats control of the Senate with the thinnest possible majority, ensuring approval for Joe Biden’s cabinet and judicial appointments as well as dealmaking power for the chamber’s centrists. Ms Loeffler and Mr Perdue lashed themselves to Donald Trump, and they shared his fate. 自從 1992年以來美國喬治亞州 (Georgia) 首次在總統大選中把票投給了民主黨籍的候選人 (拜登),而僅兩個月後,喬治亞州的兩席參議院席次也跟著翻盤 (原本由共和黨人任職,現已被民主黨籍之候選人勝選)。Raphael Warnock 是一名非裔美國籍的牧師並任職於馬丁路德金 (Martin Luther King, Jr.,美國一民權運動領袖) 先前服務/佈道/傳教的教堂,他擊敗了 (現任) 共和黨 (喬治亞州參議員) 的 Kelly Loeffler。33歲的猶太裔電影製片人 Jon Ossoff 擊敗了共和黨的 (現任參議員) David Perdue。(民主黨籍) 雙方以超過重新計票所需的門檻之幅度領先並擊敗敵對 (共和黨) 陣營。諸如此類的 (期中) 選舉通常偏向共和黨人,因他們的選民往往年齡層較大、更富有、且可靠 (投票意願高)。但是在今年,民主黨人設法催票 (動員其選民),尤其是非裔美國人。這兩席的獲勝將使民主黨以最小的多數席次控制參議院,並確保批准候任總統拜登的內閣以及司法人選之任命,甚至能與參議院的中庸派討價還價。Kelly Loeffler 女士以及 David Perdue 先生曾與 (同為共和黨籍的) 總統川普持相同論調,而如今他們也與川普有著同樣的命運 (被人民用選票給換下來)。

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