*第四季*【EP. 170】#519 看經濟學人學英文 feat. 經濟學人新聞評論【南非 (South Africa)、種族隔離政策 (Apartheid)、Jacob Zuma v. Cyril Ramaphosa、建立並恪守法治 (rule of law)、每日單字精選】

每日一經濟學人 LEON x The Economist
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💪您的一杯咖啡錢 = 我們遠大的目標!捐款支持我們: 👍Chester 老師 - 英文文法與寫作班,等你/妳來報名: 👍Leon 老師 - 總編輯家教班,等你/妳來報名: 🔴Thursday July 15th 2021 🔵2021年7月15日星期四 🔱Espresso - Today’s agenda 每日濃縮 - 今日頭條 🔥🇿🇦🔥A fragile state: unrest in South Africa 風雨中更顯脆弱:陷入動盪的南非 South Africa, with high levels of unemployment and inequality, is no stranger to unrest. But the wave of violence over the past week—the worst seen since apartheid ended 1994—is more than a cry for help. It was incited by people close to Jacob Zuma, the former president. They want him released from jail and to make it impossible for Cyril Ramaphosa, the current president, to govern. The current chaos highlights South Africa’s fragility, and how difficult it is to move away from a political system long defined by corruption. Mr Zuma was jailed on July 7th for refusing to cooperate with an inquiry into the graft that occurred under his rule. Mr Ramaphosa, when elected in 2018, tried to clean up his predecessor’s mess, putting honest and capable people in charge of the prosecution service. Yet Mr Zuma’s cronies have not welcomed the return of the rule of law. And now they risk undermining it once again. 暴動對目前失業率居高不下、處於極度不平等狀態的南非來說,根本屢見不鮮。但自上週以來的這波暴力示威,除了不僅是向外求援的吶喊,其慘烈的狀態更是 (該國) 1994年種族隔離政策 (apartheid) 結束後前所未見的。前南非總統 Jacob Zuma 身旁親信由於希望現任總統 Cyril Ramaphosa 能釋放他,並進一步杯葛執政黨,因而煽動了這樁暴動。當前的混亂凸顯了南非是多麼的脆弱,以及擺脫長期貪腐風氣盛行的政治體系是多麼的困難。Jacob Zuma 因拒絕配合調查對其在任時所發生的貪污案而被捕入獄。Cyril Ramaphosa 於 2018年當選時,曾試圖清理他前任留下的爛攤子,並派任正直和有能力的人主掌檢察部門。然而 Jacob Zuma 的親信並不歡迎法治的回歸,而現在他/她們正再次試圖冒險摧毀它 (即法治)。 ⚜️Daily takeaway⚜️ 每日單字精選 ✅Unemployment (n.): 失業 (名) ✅Inequality (n.): 不平等 (名) ✅Violence (n.): 暴力 (名) ✅Apartheid (n.): 種族隔離 (名) ✅Incited by (adj.): 被…煽動的 (形) ✅Govern (v.): 治理、統治 (動) ✅Chaos (n.): 混亂 (名) ✅Predecessor (n.): 前任 (名) ✅Crony (n.): 裙帶關係、黨羽 (名) ✅Rule of law (n.): 法治 (名) ✅Undermine (v.): 破壞、削弱 (動) — ✔︎ 按讚【每日一經濟學人】Facebook 粉專: ✔︎ 追蹤【每日一經濟學人】Instagram 帳號: ✔︎ 訂閱【每日一經濟學人】YouTube 頻道: ✔︎ 閱讀【每日一經濟學人】Medium 平台: — 🔶如有商業合作或業務需求,請洽 🔴如影音內容有誤,歡迎來信勘誤

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